2A3 Kondensator 2P +Search for Videos

Use dmy dates|date=July 2013
Weapon
|name=2A3 Kondensator 2P

|caption=2A3 Kondensator
|origin=USSR+
|type=Self-propelled Howitzer
|is_artillery=yes
|is_vehicle=yes
|service=1956-1960
|used_by=USSR+
4
|weight=64 tons
|crew=8
|caliber=
|rate=1 round per 5 minutes
|max_range=


The '''2A3 Kondensator 2P''' ( - "Condenser") was a Soviet+ 406 mm Self-propelled Howitzer+. ''2A3'' is its GRAU+ designation.

The 2A3 originated during the Cold War+ as a response to the United States' new "Pentomic Division+" tactical doctrine that emphasized heavy use of nuclear weapons including nuclear artillery+. The US M65 cannon+ was introduced in 1952 and deployed in Germany in 1953. The Soviet Union started its own program to develop a 406mm self-propelled howitzer capable of firing nuclear projectiles, codenamed 'Objekt 271'.

Grabin Design Bureau+ completed the artillery system in 1955. The 'Objekt 271' chassis from the Kotlin Design Bureau in Leningrad+ was completed soon thereafter. The unified system received the military industrial designation 2A3 and was completed in 1956 at the Kirov Works+ in Leningrad. Total production only amounted to four vehicles.

Western observers got their first look at the new weapon during a 1957 parade on Red Square+. Initially observers thought that the weapon was a mockup+ created for deterrent effect.

Kondensator had an exceptionally short service life. Following a period of extensive testing the weapons were assigned to the Artillery High Command reserve. There they remained in service until the military reforms of Nikita Khrushchev+ were enacted, favouring more effective missile systems over the super-heavy artillery and heavy tanks of the Stalinist era+.

All four Kondensator howitzers were retired in the mid-1960s. One of the weapons was placed on static display at the Central Armed Forces Museum+ in Moscow+.

* 2B1 Oka+
* M65 Atomic Cannon+
* List of the largest cannon by caliber+

reflist:

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DEFAULTSORT:2a3 Kondensator 2p:
Category:Self-propelled artillery of the Soviet Union+
Category:400 mm artillery+


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