45th parallel north +Search for Videos

Location map-line|lat=45kml:
The '''45th parallel north''' is a circle of latitude+ that is 45 degrees+ north+ of the Earth's+ equatorial plane+. It crosses Europe+, Asia+, the Pacific Ocean+, North America+, and the Atlantic Ocean+.
The 45th parallel north is often called the halfway point between the Equator+ and the North Pole+, but the true halfway point is actually north of the 45th parallel because the Earth+ is oblate+, that is, it bulges at the equator and is flattened at the poles.

At this latitude the sun+ is visible for 15 hours, 37 minutes during the summer solstice+ and 8 hours, 46 minutes during the winter solstice+. The midday sun stands 21.6 degrees above the southern horizon at the December solstice, 68.4 degrees at the June solstice, and exactly 45.0 degrees at the two equinoxes.

Starting at the Prime Meridian+ and heading eastwards, the parallel 45° north passes through:

: | Co-ordinates
| Country, territory
or sea
| Notes

|
| FRA:
| Aquitaine+
Midi-Pyrénées+
Limousin+
Auvergne+
Rhône-Alpes+ - passing just south of Grenoble+
Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur+

|
| ITA:
| Piedmont+ - passing just south of Turin+
Lombardy+
Emilia-Romagna+ - passing just south of Piacenza+
Lombardy+
Veneto+ - passing just south of Rovigo+


Gulf of Venice+

|
| HRV:
| Istrian Peninsula+, islands of Cres+ and Krk+, and the mainland again

|
| BIH:
|

|
| HRV:
|

|
| SRB:
|

|
| ROU:
| Passing just north of Ploieşti+ and just south of Târgu Jiu+




|
| UKR:
| Crimea+ (claimed and controlled by RUS: ) - passing just north of Simferopol+, and just south of Feodosiya+




|
| RUS:
| Passing just south of Krasnodar+, and just south of Stavropol+




|
| KAZ:
| Mangystau Province+

|
| UZB:
| Karakalpakstan+ (autonomous republic) - including Vozrozhdeniya Island+ in the Aral Sea+

|
| KAZ:
| Kyzylorda Province+
South Kazakhstan Province+
Zhambyl Province+
Almaty Province+

|
| PRC:
| Xinjiang+

|
| MNG:
| Govi-Altai Province+
Bayankhongor Province+
Övörkhangai Province+
Dundgovi Province+
Dornogovi Province+

|
| PRC:
| Inner Mongolia+

|
| MNG:
| Sükhbaatar Province+

|
| PRC:
| Inner Mongolia+
Jilin+
Heilongjiang+

|
| RUS:
| Primorsky Krai+


Passing just south of Rishiri Island+, JPN:

|
| JPN:
| Hokkaidō+




|
| Kuril Islands+
| Island of Iturup+, administered by RUS: , claimed by JPN:




|
| USA:
| Oregon+
Idaho+
Montana+
Montana+ / Wyoming+ border (approximate)
South Dakota+
Minnesota+ - passing through Minneapolis+
Wisconsin+


Green Bay+ - territorial waters of the United States

|
| USA:
| Wisconsin+ - Door Peninsula+


Territorial waters of the United States

|
| USA:
| Michigan+ - South Manitou Island+


Territorial waters of the United States

|
| USA:
| Michigan+


Territorial waters of the United States and Canada

|
| CAN:
| Ontario+ - Bruce Peninsula+


Georgian Bay+ - territorial waters of Canada

|
| CAN:
| Ontario+

|
| USA:
| New York+ - for about 10 km

|
| CAN:
| Ontario+ - Cornwall Island+
Quebec+ - running just north of the border with New York+, USA:

|
| USA:
| New York+ - running just south of the border with Quebec+, CAN:
Vermont+ - running just south of the border with Quebec+, CAN:
New Hampshire+
Maine+




|
| CAN:
| Deer Island+, New Brunswick+


Territorial waters of Canada

|
| CAN:
| Nova Scotia+




|
| FRA:
| Aquitaine+ - passing just north of Bordeaux+

|



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In North America+, the 45th parallel roughly marks the border+ between the United States+ and Canada+ between the St. Lawrence+ and Connecticut+ rivers (the northern borders of the U.S. state+s of New York+ and Vermont+ with the Canadian province+ of Quebec+), where the parallel is sometimes called the "Canada line". The actual boundary of Vermont lies approximately north of the parallel due to an error in the 1772 survey. The boundary here intersects Lake Champlain+, which is shared by the two nations, with most of the lake lying in the United States.

The 45th parallel makes up most of the boundary between Montana+ and Wyoming+. It also passes through the U.S. states of Oregon+, Idaho+, South Dakota+, Minnesota+, Wisconsin+, Michigan+, New York+, Vermont+, New Hampshire+ and Maine+ and through the Canadian provinces of Ontario+, Quebec+, New Brunswick+ and Nova Scotia+.


The parallel roughly bisects mainland Nova Scotia+. Halifax+ is approximately south of the parallel.

All of mainland New Brunswick lies north of the 45th parallel. The southernmost point in mainland New Brunswick, just north of the 45th parallel, is Greens Point+, approximately west of Saint John+. Approximately two-thirds of Deer Island+, plus all of Campobello+ and Grand Manan+ islands, are south of the 45th parallel.

In Michigan+, the Old Mission Peninsula+ in Grand Traverse Bay+ ends just shy of the 45th parallel. Many guidebooks and signs at the Mission Point Lighthouse+ describe it as being halfway between the equator and north pole. When the Grand Traverse Bay+ recedes below normal level, it is possible to walk out to the exact line.

Farther west, the line roughly bisects the metropolitan area+ of Minneapolis-St. Paul+. In Minneapolis there is a marker in Theodore Wirth Park+. In the Western United States+, the parallel passes through the Great Plains+ and Rocky Mountains+, intersecting the Pacific+ coast in Oregon+. Throughout the United States the parallel is marked in many places on highways by a sign proclaiming that the location is halfway between the North Pole and the Equator.


In North America, the 45th parallel intersects or slightly bypasses (from west to east):
div col:
*Rose Lodge, Oregon+, United States
*Keizer, Oregon+, United States
*Hayesville, Oregon+, United States
*Silverton, Oregon+, United States
*New Meadows, Idaho+, United States
*Gardiner, Montana+, United States
*Faith, South Dakota+, United States
*Eagle Butte, South Dakota+, United States
*North Eagle Butte, South Dakota+, United States
*Gettysburg, South Dakota+, United States
*Madison, Minnesota+, United States
*Raymond, Minnesota+, United States

*Minneapolis, Minnesota+, United States, and several adjacent cities
*Colfax, Wisconsin+, United States
*Dorchester, Wisconsin+, United States
*Suring, Wisconsin+, United States
*Leland, Michigan+, United States
*Traverse City, Michigan+, United States
*Gaylord, Michigan+, United States
*Atlanta, Michigan+, United States
*Alpena, Michigan+, United States
*Lion's Head, Ontario+, Canada
*Bracebridge, Ontario+, Canada
*Cornwall, Ontario+, Canada
*Dundee, Quebec+, Canada
*Champlain, New York+, United States
*Rouses Point, New York+, United States
*Alburgh, Vermont+, United States
*Richford, Vermont+, United States
*North Troy, Vermont+, United States
*Derby Line, Vermont+, United States
*Highgate, Vermont+, United States
*Clarksville, New Hampshire+, United States
*Bingham, Maine+, United States
*Rangeley, Maine+, United States
*Dexter, Maine+, United States
*Kingston, Nova Scotia+, Canada
*Windsor, Nova Scotia+, Canada
div col end:

Continuing west, the parallel passes over vast stretches of the North Pacific Ocean before passing through Rishiri-Rebun-Sarobetsu National Park+ and the adjacent town of Horonobe+ on the northern tip of Hokkaidō+, the northernmost of Japan+'s main islands. It continues through the northern part of the Sea of Japan+, entering the Asian mainland on the coast of Primorsky Krai+ in Russia+, north of Vladivostok+.

At Khanka Lake+ it enters northeast China+, cutting across Heilongjiang+ and continuing through part of Jilin+ and eastern Inner Mongolia+. Transecting southern Mongolia+ it passes through the provinces of Sükhbaatar+, Dornogovi+ (and its capital Sainshand+), Dundgovi+, Övörkhangai+, Bayankhongor+, Govi-Altai+, and Khovd+. In northwest China+ it passes through the Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture+ in Xinjiang+ and the oil city of Karamay+.

The parallel passes through southern Kazakhstan+, intersecting the city of Burylbaytal+ at the southern tip of Lake Balkhash+ and the city of Qyzylorda+ further west. At the border with Uzbekistan+ it bisects the Aral Sea+ and its toxic Vozrozhdeniya Island+ peninsula, site of an abandoned Soviet bioweapons+ laboratory. It skirts the northern edge of the Ustyurt Plateau+, entering back into Kazakhstan before cutting across the northern tip of the Caspian Sea+ and into Europe+ and Russia+.


In Europe+ the 45th parallel stretches between the Caspian Sea coast of the Russian Caucasus+ in the east and Bay of Biscay+ coast of France+ in the west. In Russia it runs from the west coast of the Caspian Sea to the east coast of the Black Sea+, through the Republic of Kalmykia+, Stavropol Krai+ and its capital Stavropol+, and Krasnodar Krai+ and its capital Krasnodar+. In Ukraine+ it crosses the Crimea+ and its capital Simferopol+.

Further west it passes through the Balkans+: Romania+ (just north of Ploieşti+, and through Târgu Jiu+), the Serbia+n autonomous province of Vojvodina+, the eastern tip of Croatia+, the northern edge of Bosnia and Herzegovina+, and a section of Adriatic+ Croatia. The capital city of Serbia+ - Belgrade+ is just south of the parallel.

In northern Italy+ it parallels the river Po+, near Rovigo+, passing just south of Turin+ before passing into France+ in the Cottian Alps+.

In France, it crosses the river Rhône+ at Pont-de-l'Isère+, just north of Valence, Drôme+ and through Grenoble+. It then continues across the Massif Central+ and into the Aquitaine+ region. The city of Bordeaux+ is just south of the parallel.

*45th parallel south+
*44th parallel north+
*46th parallel north+
*45X90 points+




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*From the :
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45th parallel north+ The 45th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 45 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.