|AK-47+ The AK-47 is a selective-fire, gas-operated 7.62×39mm assault rifle, first developed in the Soviet Union by Mikhail Kalashnikov.|
|AK-47 (film)+ A.K.47 ( (ē. kē. 47)) is an Indian Kannada language movie released in 1999 directed by Om Prakash Rao and starring Shivarajkumar, Om Puri, Girish Karnad in pivotal roles.|
|Do or Die+ Do or Die is an American rap trio originally from the Westside of Chicago, Illinois, consisting of group members Belo Zero, N.A.R.D.|
|AK-47 (disambiguation)+ AK-47 is a type of automatic rifle.|
|AK-74+ The AK-74 (Russian: or "Kalashnikov automatic rifle model 1974") is an assault rifle developed in the early 1970s in the Soviet Union as the replacement for the earlier AKM (itself a refined version of the AK-47).|
|Comparison of the AK-47 and M16+ The two most common assault rifles in the world are the Russian AK-47 and the American M16. These Cold War era rifles have faced each other in conflicts both large and small since the early 1960s.|
Automatiku Shqiptar model 56 '''(ASH-78 Tip-1)''' Albanian Automatic Assault Rifle Model 56 Type-1 [Made in Poliçan Arsenal] (Straight forward copy of Type 56+, which in turn is a clone of the Soviet AKM+ rifle)
AKK/AKKS (Type 3 AK-47/w. side-folding buttstock)
Rk 62+, Valmet M76+ (other names Rk 62 76, M62/76), Valmet M78+ (light machine gun), Rk 95 Tp+ AK-55 (domestic manufacture of the 2nd Model AK-47) INSAS+ (fixed and side-folding stock), KALANTAK+ (carbine), INSAS light machine gun+ (fixed and side-folding stock) IMI Galil+: AR (assault/battle rifle), ARM (assault rifle/light machine gun), SAR (carbine), MAR (compact carbine), Sniper (sniper rifle), SR-99 (sniper rifle) pmK (kbk AK) / pmKS (kbk AKS) (name has changed from pmK – "pistolet maszynowy Kałasznikowa", Kalashnikov SMG to the kbk AK – "karabinek AK", Kalashnikov Carbine in mid-1960s) (AK-47/AKS) PM md. 63/65+ (AKM/AKMS), PM md. 80+, PM md. 90+, collectively exported under the umbrella name AIM or AIMS
AKM-63 (also known as AMD-63 in the US; modernized AK-55), AMD-65+M (modernized AKM-63, shorter barrel and side-folding stock), AMP-69 (rifle grenade launcher)
AK-63+F/D (other name AMM/AMMSz), AK-63MF (modernized)
NGM-81+ (5.56×45mm NATO+; fixed and under-folding stock)
'''Trichy Assault Rifle 7.62 mm''', manufactured by Ordnance Factory Tiruchirappalli+ of Ordnance Factories Board+
| KLS/KLF (AK-47/AKS), KLT (AKMS)
| Tabuk Sniper Rifle+, Tabuk Assault Rifle (with fixed or underfolding stock, outright clones of Yugoslavian M70 rifles series), Tabuk Short Assault Rifle
| Bernardelli VB-STD/VB-SR (Galil AR/SAR)
| Produced by the Defence Industries Corporation of Nigeria as OBJ-006
! North Korea
| Type 58+A/B (Type 3 AK-47/w. stamped steel folding stock), Type 68A/B (AKM/AKMS), Type 88 (AKS-74)US Department of Defense, North Korea Country Handbook 1997, Appendix A: Equipment Recognition, PPSH 1943 SUBMACHINEGUN (TYPE-50 CHINA/MODEL-49 DPRK), p. A-79.
| Reverse engineered+ by hand and machine in Pakistan's highland areas (see Khyber Pass Copy+) near the border of Afghanistan; more recently the Pakistan Ordnance Factories+ started the manufacture of an AK-47/AKM clone called '''PK-10'''
kbkg wz. 1960+ (rifle grenade launcher), kbkg wz. 1960/72 (modernized)
kbk AKM / kbk AKMS (AKM/AKMS)
kbk wz. 1988 Tantal+ (5.45×39mm+), skbk wz. 1989 Onyks+ (compact carbine)
kbs wz. 1996 Beryl+ (5.56×45mm+), kbk wz. 1996 Mini-Beryl+ (compact carbine)
PA md. 86+ (AK-74), exported as the AIMS-74
PM md. 90 short barrel, PA md. 86 short barrel, exported as the AIMR
PSL+ (designated marksman rifle; other names PSL-54C, Romak III, FPK and SSG-97)
! South Africa
| R4 assault rifle+, Truvelo Raptor+, Vektor CR-21+ (bullpup)
| MAZ (based on the Type 56+)
| Vepr+ (bullpup, 5.45×39mm+), Malyuk (bullpup)
| Chinese Type 56+, Soviet AK-47, AK-74+, AK-108+ and AKM+
| License granted, factory under construction
| M-64, M-70+, M-72+, M-76+, M-77+, M-80+, M-82+, M-85+, M-90+, M-91+, M-92+, M-99+, M-21+
Certainly more have been produced elsewhere; but the above list represents known producers and is limited to only military variants. An updated AK-47 design – the AK-103+ – is still produced in Russia.
The basic design of the AK-47 has been used as the basis for other successful rifle designs such as the Finnish Rk 62/76+ and Rk 95 Tp+, the Israeli Galil+, the Indian INSAS+ and the Yugoslav Zastava M76+ and M77/82 rifles. Several bullpup+ designs have surfaced such as the Chinese Norinco Type 86S+, although none have been produced in quantity. Bullpup conversions are also available commercially.
list of weapons influenced by the Kalashnikov design+
OJSC IzhMash+ has repeatedly claimed that the majority of manufacturers produce AK-47s without a proper license+ from IZH. The Izhevsk+ Machine Tool Factory acquired a patent in 1999,
Throughout the world, the AK and its variants are among the most commonly smuggled small arms sold to governments, rebels, criminals, and civilians alike, with little international oversight. In some countries, prices for AKs are very low; in Somalia, Rwanda, Mozambique, Congo and Tanzania prices are between $30 and $125 per weapon , and prices have fallen in the last few decades due to mass counterfeiting. Moisés Naím+ observed that in a small town in Kenya in 1986, an AK-47 cost fifteen cows but that in 2005, the price was down to four cows indicating that supply was "immense". The weapon has appeared in a number of conflicts including clashes in the Balkans+, Iraq, Afghanistan, and Somalia.. ControlArms Briefing Note (26 June 2006).
The Taliban+ and the Northern Alliance+ fought each other with Soviet AKs; some of these were exported to Pakistan. The gun is now also made in Pakistan's semi-autonomous areas (see Khyber Pass Copy+). "'The Distribution of Iranian Ammunition in Africa', by the private British arms-tracking group Conflict Armament Research (CAR), shows how Iran+ broke trade embargos and infiltrated African markets with massive amounts of illegal, unmarked 7.62 mm rounds for the Kalashnikov-style AK-47 rifles."
Estimated numbers of AK-type weapons vary. The Small Arms Survey suggest that "between 70 and 100 million of these weapons have been produced since 1947." The World Bank estimates that out of the 500 million total firearms available worldwide, 100 million are of the Kalashnikov family, and 75 million are AK-47s. Because AK-type weapons have been made in other countries, often illicitly, it is impossible to know how many really exist.
quote : "Basically, it's the anti-Western caché of it ... And you know, one man's terrorist is another man's freedom fighter+, so we all sort of think, oh boy, we've got a little bit of Che Guevara+ in us. And this accounts for the popularity of the (AK 47) weapon. Plus I think that in the United States it's considered counterculture+, which is always something that citizens in this country kind of like ... It's kind of sticking a finger in the eye of the man+, if you will."
source : — Larry Kahaner, author of ''AK-47: The Weapon That Changed the Face of War''
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Russia/Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China, as well as Western countries (especially the United States) supplied arms and technical knowledge to numerous countries and rebel forces in a global struggle between the Warsaw Pact+ nations and their allies against NATO+ and their allies called the Cold War+. While the NATO countries used rifles such as the relatively expensive M14+, FN FAL+, HK G3+ and M16+ assault rifle during this time, the low production and materials costs of the AK-47 meant that the Russia/USSR could produce and supply its allies at a very low cost. Because of its low cost, it was also duplicated or used as the basis for many other rifles (see List of weapons influenced by the Kalashnikov design+), such as the Israeli Galil+, Chinese Type 56+, and Swiss SIG SG 550+. As a result, the Cold War saw the mass export of AK-47s by the Soviet Union and the PRC to their allies, such as the Nicaraguan Sandinistas+, Viet Cong+ as well as Middle Eastern, Asian, and African revolutionaries. The United States also purchased the Type 56 from the PRC to give to the mujahideen+ guerrillas during the Soviet war in Afghanistan+.
The proliferation of this weapon is reflected by more than just numbers. The AK-47 is included in the flag of Mozambique+ and its emblem+, an acknowledgment that the country's leaders gained power in large part through the effective use of their AK-47s. It is also found in the coats of arms of East Timor+, the revolution era coat of arms of Burkina Faso+ and the flag of Hezbollah+.
In parts of the Western world, the AK-47 is associated with their enemies; both Cold War era and present-day. In the pro-communist states, the AK-47 became a symbol of third-world revolution. During the 1980s, the Soviet Union became the principal arms dealer to countries embargoed by Western nations, including Middle Eastern nations such as Syria, Libya and Iran, who welcomed Soviet Union backing against Israel. After the fall of the Soviet Union+, AK-47s were sold both openly and on the black market to any group with cash, including drug cartels and dictatorial states, and more recently they have been seen in the hands of Islamic groups such as the Taliban+ and Al-Qaeda+ in Afghanistan and Iraq, and FARC+, Ejército de Liberación Nacional+ guerrillas in Colombia. Western movies often portray criminals, gang members and terrorists using AK-47s. For these reasons, in the U.S. and Western Europe the AK-47 is stereotypically regarded as the weapon of choice of insurgents, gangsters and terrorists. Conversely, throughout the developing world+, the AK-47 can be positively attributed with revolutionaries+ against foreign occupation, imperialism+, or colonialism+. Link: AK-47: The Weapon Changed the Face of War by Andrea Seabrook, ''NPR+ Weekend Edition Sunday'', 26 November 2006
In Mexico, the AK-47 is known as "Cuerno de Chivo" (literally "Ram's Horn") because of its curved magazine design and is one of the weapons of choice of Mexican drug cartels. It is sometimes mentioned in Mexican folk music lyrics.
In 2006, Colombian musician and peace activist César López+ devised the ''escopetarra+'', an AK converted into a guitar. One sold for US$17,000 in a fundraiser held to benefit the victims of anti-personnel mines+, while another was exhibited at the United Nations' Conference on Disarmament+.
The AK-47 made an appearance in U.S. popular culture as a recurring focus in the 2005 Nicolas Cage+ film ''Lord of War+''. There are numerous monologues in the movie focusing on the weapon and its effects on global conflict and the gun running+ market, such as:
''"Of all the weapons in the vast soviet arsenal, nothing was more profitable than Avtomat Kalashnikova model of 1947. More commonly known as the AK-47, or Kalashnikov. It's the world's most popular assault rifle. A weapon all fighters love. An elegantly simple 9 pound amalgamation of forged steel and plywood. It doesn't break, jam, or overheat. It'll shoot whether it's covered in mud or filled with sand. It's so easy, even a child can use it; and they do. The Soviets put the gun on a coin. Mozambique put it on their flag. Since the end of the Cold War, the Kalashnikov has become the Russian people's greatest export. After that comes vodka, caviar, and suicidal novelists. One thing is for sure, no one was lining up to buy their cars."''
The Kalashnikov Museum (also called the AK-47 museum) opened on 4 November 2004, in Izhevsk+, Udmurt Republic. This city is in the Ural Region+ of Russia. The museum chronicles the biography of General Kalashnikov+, as well as documents the invention of the AK-47. The museum complex of small arms of M. T. Kalashnikov, a series of halls and multimedia exhibitions is devoted to the evolution of the AK-47 assault rifle and attracts 10,000 monthly visitors.
Nadezhda Vechtomova, the museum director stated in an interview that the purpose of the museum is to honor the ingenuity of the inventor and the hard work of the employees and to "separate the weapon as a weapon of murder from the people who are producing it and to tell its history in our country."
* Bosnia and Herzegovina
* Burkina Faso
* Cape Verde
* Central African Republic
* People's Republic of China: Type 56+ variant was used.
* Republic of the Congo
* Democratic Republic of the Congo
* Finland: Rk 62+, Rk 95 Tp+.
* Georgia: Replaced by the M4 carbine+ in 2008.
* East Germany
* Greece: EKAM+ counter-terrorist unit of the Hellenic Police+.
* Equatorial Guinea
* India: Used by Force One+.
* Ivory Coast
* North Korea: Type 56+ and Type 58+ variants were used.
* Malta: Type 56+ variant.
* Pakistan: Type 56+ and AK-103+ used.
* Philippines: Used by the Santiago City PNP.
* Russia: Replaced by the AK-74+M since 1974.
* Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
* Sao Tome and Principe
* Sierra Leone
* South Africa: Used by the Special Forces Brigade+.
* Sri Lanka: Type 56+ variant.
* Vietnam: Type 56+ variant was used extensively by the Viet Cong+.
div col end
* Comparison of the AK-47 and M16+
* List of Russian inventions+
* List of Russian weaponry+
* List of weapons influenced by the Kalashnikov design+
* Honeycutt Jr, Fred L. and Anthony, Patt F. ''Military Rifles of Japan.'' (1996) ''Fifth Edition'', 8th printing; Julin Books. ISBN 0-9623208-7-0.
* Link: How the AK-47 Rewrote the Rules of Modern Warfare – Three-part article by C. J. Chivers+, for ''Wired Magazine+''
* ''Ружье. Оружие и амуниция'' 1999/3, pp. 18–21 has an article about the AK-46 prototypes
* М.Т. Kalashnikov, " Link: Кто автор АК-47?" (Who is the author of AK-47?) - an article rejecting some of the alternative theories as to the authorship of the AK-47, ''Kalashnikov'' magazine, 2002/2, pp. 4–7 (in Russian)
* М. Degtyaryov, " Link: Неочевидное очевидное" - an article comparing the internals of the StG 44 and AK-47, ''Kalashnikov'' magazine, 2009/4, pp. 18–23 (in Russian)
* " Link: В преддверии юбилея..." Transcription of the commission report on the testing round from the summer of 1947; no winner was selected at this point, but the commission held Kalashnikov's, Dementiev's and Bulkin's designs as most closely satisfying TTT number 3131. ''Kalashnikov'' magazine, 2009/8, pp. 18–22 (in Russian)
* " Link: Путёвка в жизнь" Report/letter on the final round of testing, 27 Dec. 1947, declaring Kalashnikov's design the winner. ''Kalashnikov'' magazine, 2009/9, pp. 16–22 (in Russian)
* Articles on the 1948 military trials: " Link: На пути в войска" and " Link: ПЕРВЫЙ В ДИНАСТИИ", ''Kalashnikov'' magazine, 2009/10-11
author : Fackler
last2 : Surinchak
year : 1984
first2 : John S.
last3 : Malinowski
first3 : John A.
last4 : Bowen
first4 : Robert E.
title : Wounding potential of the Russian AK-74 assault rifle
journal : Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection and Critical Care
volume : 24
pages : 263–6
doi : 10.1097/00005373-198403000-00014
issue : 3
* Link: Manufacturer's Official Site
* Link: AK Site – Kalashnikov Home Page
* US Army Operator's Manual for the AK-47 Assault Rifle+
* Link: Nazarian's Gun's Recognition Guide (MANUAL) AK 47 Manual (.pdf)
* Link: The Timeless, Ubiquitous AK-47 – slideshow by ''Time+'' magazine
* Link: AK-47: The Weapon Changed the Face of War – audio report by ''NPR+''
* Link: The AK-47: The Gun That Changed The Battlefield – audio report by ''NPR+''
* Link: AK-47 Documentary: Part 1 and Link: Part 2 by ''Al Jazeera English+''
* Link: AK-47 Full Auto, U.S. Army in Iraq from the ''Internet Archive+''
Category:7.62 mm rifles+
Category:Infantry weapons of the Cold War+
Category:Rifles of the Cold War+
Category:Cold War weapons of the Soviet Union+
Category:Weapons of Russia+
Category:Military equipment 1945–1949+
AK-55 (domestic manufacture of the 2nd Model AK-47)
INSAS+ (fixed and side-folding stock), KALANTAK+ (carbine), INSAS light machine gun+ (fixed and side-folding stock)
IMI Galil+: AR (assault/battle rifle), ARM (assault rifle/light machine gun), SAR (carbine), MAR (compact carbine), Sniper (sniper rifle), SR-99 (sniper rifle)
pmK (kbk AK) / pmKS (kbk AKS) (name has changed from pmK – "pistolet maszynowy Kałasznikowa", Kalashnikov SMG to the kbk AK – "karabinek AK", Kalashnikov Carbine in mid-1960s) (AK-47/AKS)
PM md. 63/65+ (AKM/AKMS), PM md. 80+, PM md. 90+, collectively exported under the umbrella name AIM or AIMS