António Galvão +Search for Videos

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António Galvão

c. 1490
Lisbon+, Portugal+
1557
Lisbon+, Portugal+
Portuguese+
Soldier, chronicler and colonial administrator

'''António Galvão''' (c. 1490–1557), known in English as '''Antonio Galvano''', was a Portuguese soldier, chronicle+r and administrator in the Maluku islands+, and a Renaissance historian, the first to present a comprehensive report of all the leading voyages and explorers up to 1550, either by Portuguese and by other nationalities. His works show a remarkable accuracy, especially the Treaty of Discovery published in Lisbon in 1563 and in English by Richard Hakluyt+ in 1601.

António Galvão was the son of Duarte Galvão, chief diplomat and chronicler to king Afonso V of Portugal+. In 1527 he sailed for Portuguese India+ where he became captain of the Maluku and governor of the fort of Ternate+ from 1536 to 1540. He is described in Chapter II of the Fifth Decade of Asia+" as a respected governor, having sent a mission to Papua and receiving local embassies. He funded a seminar in Ternate, where he spent twelve thousand ''cruzados'' from the inheritance he had received from his father, and was known especially for his integrity. In 1540 he handed the government of the fortress to D. Jorge de Castro and returned to Portugal, where he discovered to have fallen into disgrace. He lived the last years in anonymity and poverty, in the Royal Hospital, awaiting a pension. There he died and was buried in 1557.

António Galvão left two manuscripts. One was the treaty of the discoveries printed after his death, in 1563, in Lisbon by his friend Francisco de Sousa Tavares. Based on numerous written sources and documents, the work presented for the first time a synthesis of all the discoveries made by Portuguese and Spanish until 1550. Richard Hakluyt had it translated and published in English in 1601 as "The discoveries of the world - by Antonio Galvano".
* ''Tratado que compôs o nobre and notauel capitão Antonio Galuão, dos diuersos and desuayrados caminhos, por onde nos tempos passados a pimenta and especearia veyo da India às nossas partes, and assi de todos os descobrimentos antigos and modernos, que são feitos até a era de mil and quinhentos and cincoenta'', published 1563 in Lisbon by João da Barreira. from Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal+ Digital. (A 1731 edition under the slightly altered title, ''Tratado dos Descobrimentos, antigos e modernos, feitos até a era de 1550'' was published in Lisbon by Oficina Ferreiriana).

* In 1928, a document was found in the Archivo General de Indias+ in Seville+ with a history of the Maluku which was identified as being part (perhaps an early draft) of António Galvão's lost document. It was published in a bilingual (Portuguese-English) edition in 1971, arranged by Hubert Jacobs, under the title ''A Treatise on the Moluccas (c. 1544), probably the preliminary version of António Galvão's lost Historia das Moluccas'' (Rome: Jesuit Historical Society).

*Fernão Lopes de Castanheda+
*Gaspar Correia+

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Frei Galvão+ Anthony of St. Ann Galvão, O.F.M. (, ), commonly known in Brazil as Frei (Friar) Galvão ( (1739–December 23, 1822), was a Portuguese friar of the Franciscan Order.
António Galvão+ António Galvão (c. 1490–1557), known in English as Antonio Galvano, was a Portuguese soldier, chronicler and administrator in the Maluku islands, and a Renaissance historian, the first to present a comprehensive report of all the leading voyages and explorers up to 1550, either by Portuguese and by other nationalities.