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Use dmy dates|date=August 2016
Aircraft Begin
Cessna Citation II / IISP / SII
Citation Bravo
Aircraft Type
Corporate jet+
United States
31 January 1977
|number built=#expr:688+336+160: : 688 II, 336 Bravo, 160 S550
Cessna Citation I+


The '''Cessna Citation II''' was the first of the Model 550 series of Citation jets+, which are light corporate jet+ built by Cessna+. A direct development of the Citation I+, the Citation II led to the later development of the '''Citation II/SP''', the
'''S550 Citation S/II''', and the '''Citation Bravo'''. The Citation II was also used by the United States Navy+ under the designation '''T-47A''' for radar system training.

The '''Citation II''', Model 550, was a direct development from the Citation I. The earlier aircraft's success in the market led Cessna to believe there was demand for a larger aircraft that utilized the same design philosophy. The result was the Citation II, which had a maximum seating capacity+ of 10. In addition to more seats, the plane had more powerful JT15D-4 engines ( thrust per engine), increase of fuel capacity to approximately 5000 lbs, faster speeds and longer range. First flight was on 31 January 1977, and the aircraft was certified for two-pilot operation in March 1978. A total of 603 aircraft were built before the Citation II was replaced by the Bravo in the production line.

The US Customs and Border Protection+ purchased ten Citation IIs configured with fire control radar+ (initially the F-16's+ APG-66(V)+, later the Selex ES+ Vixen 500E system) and the WF-360TL imaging system. These aircraft have been used effectively in Panama, Honduras, Colombia, Peru, Venezuela, Mexico and Aruba and are not to be confused with the similar OT-47B aircraft, which are based on the Cessna Citation V+ airframe.

Like the Citation I/SP, the Model 551 '''Citation II/SP''' was launched as Cessna's means of competing in the turboprop market, which predominantly are operated single-pilot, so the aircraft was re-certified for single-pilot operations.

The '''Model 552 T-47A''' was the designation given by the U.S. Navy to the Citation II. Fifteen aircraft were purchased by the Navy to train Naval Flight Officer+s, primarily its Navy F-14 Tomcat+ Radar Intercept Officer+s, Navy and Marine Corps A-6 Intruder+ Bombardier/Navigators, Navy and Marine Corps EA-6B Prowler+ Electronic Warfare Officers, Marine Corps F/A-18D Hornet+ Weapon Systems Officers and Navy S-3 Viking+ Copilot/Tactical Coordinators. The T-47A was modified by incorporating JT15D5 engines, shortened wings, multiple radar consoles and the AN/APQ-167 radar system.

The T-47As were operated by Training Air Squadron Eighty Six (VT-86), which was based at Naval Air Station Pensacola+, Florida. All but one of the T-47As were destroyed in a hangar fire, and the Navy replaced them with upgraded T-39s+

In October 1983, Cessna announced that they would be improving the aircraft, and the upgraded Model S550 '''Citation S/II''' first flew 14 February 1984. The S/II could seat a maximum of 11 people. The aircraft utilized an improved version of the engine, JT15D-4B ( of thrust). The "B" in the engine model number consists of components in the hot section being replaced with components sustaining higher IT temperatures which in turn allows for a higher N1 percentage of 106%, a full 2% more than the JT15D-4 engines installed on the Citation II. The main benefit of the percent increase provided more thrust at higher altitudes. Fuel capacity was increased to a total of 5820 lbs. The rest of the improvements were aerodynamic in nature. The wing was replaced with one using a supercritical airfoil, which had been developed for the Citation III+. The leading edges of the wing and tail used TKS type anti-icing fluid in addition to bleed air used for the engines. Once certification was in hand, the S/II replaced the II in the product line in late 1984. However, due to market demands, the II was returned to production in 1987. The S/II was discontinued after the 1988 production year. The number of S/II's produced is (approximate) 160. The II continued in production until 1994, and was replaced by the Bravo in 1997.

By 1994, the Citation II and S/II had been in production for 10 years, and it was time to integrate new technology. Cessna thus announced the development of the '''Citation Bravo'''. While it was built on the basic II airframe, the new aircraft was powered by Pratt and Whitney Canada PW530A+ engines. The main landing gear was replaced by the smoother-riding trailing link configuration adopted by other members of the Citation line, and the standard avionics suite was updated to the Honeywell Primus+ 1000 glass cockpit. The new aircraft first flew on 25 April 1995, but certification did not come for over a year, finally being granted in August 1996. Production of the Bravo ceased in late 2006 after 337 had been produced.

*'''Citation II''' (Model 550) a larger stretched development of the Model 500 first produced in 1978. Initially replaced by the S/II in production, but was brought back and produced side-by-side with the S/II until the Bravo was introduced.
*'''T-47A''' (Model 552) is the military designation of the Citation II. The United States Navy+ purchased 15 T-47A aircraft as radar system trainers.
*'''Citation II/SP''' (Model 551) single-pilot operations
*'''''' (Model S550) incorporated a number of improvements, especially an improved wing. Replaced the II in production.
*'''Citation Bravo''' (Model 550) updated II and S/II with new PW530A engines, landing gear and Primus 1000 avionics. The last Citation Bravo rolled off the production line in late 2006, ending a nearly 10-year production run of 337 aircraft.Cessna Press Release 17 July 2006

* Argentine Army Aviation+Hoyle ''Flight International'' 8–14 December 2015, p. 32.
*Ecuadorian Army+Hoyle ''Flight International'' 8–14 December 2015, p. 37.
* Myanmar Air Force
* Nigerian Air Force+
* Pakistan Army+Hoyle ''Flight International'' 8–14 December 2015, p. 45.
* Royal Saudi Air Force+Hoyle ''Flight International'' 8–14 December 2015, p. 47.
* Spanish Air Force+
* Spanish Navy+Hoyle ''Flight International'' 11–17 December 2012, p. 60.
* National Police Corps of Spain+
* Swedish Air Force+
* Turkish Air Force+
* United States Navy+
* Venezuelan Air Force+Hoyle ''Flight International'' 8–14 December 2015, p. 53.

aircraft specifications
|jet or prop?=jet
|plane or copter?=plane
|ref=Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1993–94Lambert 1993, pp. 465–466.
|capacity=8 passengers
|length main=47 ft 8½ in
|length alt=14.39 m
|span main=51.7 ft
|span alt=15.90 m
|height main=15 ft 0 in
4.57 m
|area main=342.6 ft²
|area alt=31.83 m²
|empty weight main=8,059 lb
|empty weight alt=3,655 kg
|loaded weight main=|loaded weight alt=|useful load main=
|max takeoff weight main=15,100 lb
|max takeoff weight alt=6,849 kg
|engine (jet)=Pratt and Whitney Canada JT15D+-4B
|type of jet=turbofan+s
|number of jets=2
|thrust main=2,500 lbf
|thrust alt=11.12 kN

|max speed main=|max speed alt=|cruise speed main=403 knots
|cruise speed alt=464 mph, 746 km/h, 0.7 Mach
|cruise speed more=at 35,000 ft (10,670 m)
|never exceed speed main=|never exceed speed alt=|stall speed main=82 knots
94 mph, 152 km/h
|range main=1,998 nmi+
|range alt=2,300 mi, 3,701 km
|ceiling main=43,000 ft
|ceiling alt=13,100 m
|ceilking more=max operating altitude
|climb rate main=3,040 ft/min
|climb rate alt=15.4 m/s
|loading main=|loading alt=|power/mass main=|power/mass alt=

* Cessna Citation series+
* Cessna Citation I+

* Hoyle, Craig. "World Air Forces Directory". ''Flight International+'', Vol. 182, No. 5370, 11–17 December 2012. pp. 40–64. .
* Hoyle, Craig. "World Air Forces Directory". ''Flight International'', Vol. 188, No. 5517, 8–14 December 2015. pp. 26–53. .
* Lambert, Mark. ''Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1993–94''. Coulsdon, UK: Jane's Data Division, 1993. ISBN 0-7106-1066-1.

Commons Category:

USAF trainer aircraft:
Swedish military aircraft:

Cessna Citation II+ The Cessna Citation II was the first of the Model 550 series of Citation jets, which are light corporate jet built by Cessna.
Cessna Citation III+ The Cessna Citation III was the first of the Model 650 series of Citation jets, which are mid-sized, high-performance business jets.
Cessna Citation I+ The Cessna 500 Citation I is a turbofan-powered small-sized business jet that was built by the Cessna Aircraft Company in Wichita, Kansas.