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'''combat helmet''' or '''battle helmet''' is a type of personal armor+ designed specifically to protect the head during combat+.

Helmets are among the oldest forms of personal protective equipment+ and are known to have been worn by the Akkadians/Sumerians in the 23rd century BCE, Mycenaean Greeks+ since the 17th century BCE, the Assyrians+ around 900 BCE, ancient Greeks+ and Romans+, throughout the Middle Ages+, and up to the end of the 17th century by many combatants. Their materials and construction became more advanced as weapons became more and more powerful. Initially constructed from leather+ and brass+, and then bronze+ and iron+ during the Bronze+ and Iron+ Ages, they soon came to be made entirely from forged steel+ in many societies after about 950 CE. At that time, they were purely military equipment, protecting the head from cutting blows with sword+s, flying arrow+s, and low-velocity musket+ry.

Military use of helmets declined after 1670, and rifled firearms+ ended their use by foot soldiers after 1700 but the Napoleonic era saw ornate cavalry helmets reintroduced for cuirassier+s and dragoon+s in some armies which continued to be used by French forces during World War I+ as late as 1915.[ Heaumes Page
World War I and its increased use of artillery had renewed the need for steel helmets, with the French Adrian helmet+ and the British Brodie helmet+ being the first modern steel helmets used on the battlefield, soon followed by the adoption of similar steel helmets, such as the Stahlhelm+[
Today's militaries often use high quality helmets made of ballistic materials such as Kevlar+ and Aramid+, which offer improved protection. Some helmets also have good non-ballistic protective qualities, against threats such as concussive shock wave+s from explosion+s.

Many of today’s combat helmets have been adapted for modern warfare requirements and upgraded with STANAG rail+s to act as a platform for mounting cameras, video cameras and VAS Shrouds for the mounting of Night Vision Goggles (NVG) and monocular Night Vision Devices (NVD).

Beginning in the early 20th century, combat helmets have often been equipped with helmet cover+s to offer greater camouflage. There have been two main types of covers, mesh nets were earlier widely used, but most modern combat helmets use camouflage cloth covers instead of the earlier net covers.

| SPECTRA helmet+ | FRA: | Used by the French Army+, Danish Army+, United Nations+ peacekeeping forces

| Advanced Combat Helmet+ (ACH)| USA: |Developed from the Modular Integrated Communications Helmet+, the ACH is now the standard issue helmet of the US Army.

| Modular Integrated Communications Helmet+ | USA: | Developed for special operations+ use by the United States Army+, it became the basis for the Advanced Combat Helmet+

| Lightweight Helmet+ | USA: | Used by United States Marine Corps+

| Mk. 6 Helmet+| UK: | Used by British Armed Forces+. being replaced by the Mk. 7 Helmet+

| Mk. 7 Helmet+| UK: | Used by British Armed forces+

| M76 paratrooper helmet+| UK: | Used by British Armed forces+ Paratroopers and Airborne forces

| BK-6 Helmet+ | CRO: | Used by the Croatian Army+, Turkish Army+, Czech Army+, Bulgarian Army+, United Arab Emirates Army+, Lithuanian Armed Forces+, Mexican Army+, Spanish Army+, Pakistan Army+, Malaysian Army+, Saudi Arabian Army+, Finnish Army+, National Army of Colombia+, Armed Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan+, Indonesian Army+, Italian Army+, Military of Hungary+, Armed Forces of the Argentine Republic+ and by the police forces+ of the following countries: Croatia+, Turkey+, UK+, Spain+, Republic of Macedonia+, Egypt+, Russia+, Saudi Arabia+, Colombia+, Italy+, Ukraine+ and by Argentina+ and by the UN+ demining committee. Sri Lanka

| CCB+ | BRA: | Used by the Brazilian Armed Forces+ in two versions: Polymer+ and Kevlar+.

| Enhanced Combat Helmet+ | AUS: | Introduced into Australian Defence Force in 2004, replacing the PASGT.

| CG634+ | CAN: | Used by the Canadian Forces+ since 1998.

| CABAL II+ | ARG: | Ballistic Helmet M-6 for Argentine Infantry Approved by

| PASGT+ | USA: | Used by the USAF, but is being phased out by the ACH US Air Force+.

| GOLFO+ | CHL: | Military of Chile+, Similar to the PASGT.

| GK80+ | PRC: | People's Liberation Army+

| QGF03+ | PRC: | People's Liberation Army+

| QGF02+ | PRC: | People's Liberation Army+

| SSh-68+ | USSR: | Steel helmet Russian Army+ Russia+

| STSh-81+ | USSR: | Titanium helmet Russian Special Forces+ Russia+

| 6B7+ | RUS: | Kevlar helmet Russian army+

| 6B7-1L+ | RUS: | Kevlar helmet Russian army+ and Naval Infantry Russia+

| Kolpak 2+ | RUS: | Kevlar helmet Russian army+

| 6B27+ | RUS: | Kevlar helmet Russian army+

| 6B28+ | RUS: | Kevlar helmet Russian army+

| 6B26+ | RUS: | Kevlar helmet Russian army+

| OR-201+ | ISR: | Kevlar helmet used by the Israel Defense Forces+, Some units of Special forces of Indian Army+, Irish Defence Force+, Lebanon+ (Lebanese Forces+, South Lebanon Army+, Hezbollah+, Lebanese Army+), Honduran Army+, Guatemalan Army+, Peruvian Army+, Romanian Army+, Nicaragua+ (National Guard and Police), Portugal+ (Portuguese Marine Corps+), South African Defence Force+, Chilean Army+ (1st Parachutists Battalion "Pelantaru" (1º Batallón de Paracaidistas "Pelantaru")), Sri Lanka+, and other countries.

| KASDA | ISR: | Kevlar helmet Israel Defense Forces+, Guatemalan Army+

| Gefechtshelm Schuberth B826+ | GER: | Used by the Bundeswehr+, Swiss Army+, Dutch Army+, Estonian Defence Forces+, Czech Army+ and other countries - PASGT type helmet

| Helm wz. 2005+ | POL: | Newer kevlar helmet used by the Polish Armed Forces+. Supplementing the older Helm wz. 93 currently in use. Similar to the American Advanced Combat Helmet+ (ACH).

| MARTE | ESP: | Protec type helmet replacing PASGT+ type helmets

| Sistema Compositi ''SEPT-2 PLUS'' | ITA: | Used by the Italian Armed Forces+

| Sistema Compositi ''SUPERUBOTT'' | ITA: | Used by Special Units (particularly GIS+) of the Italian Law Enforcement community+

| Tecnoplast ''TD-71'' | ITA: | Used by the Italian Law Enforcement community+ for riot control+

| Type 88 Helmet+ | JPN: | Used by the JSDF+ - PASGT type helmet

| M80 Helmet+ | IRQ: | Plastic and cloth helmet, limited use

| M83 | RSA: | Variant of the OR-201+ helmet used by Paratroopers of the South African Army+

| M87+ | RSA: | Kevlar helmet of the South African Army+

| Hjälm 90+ | SWE: | used by the Swedish Armed Forces+

| Helm wz. 93+ | POL: | Kevlar helmet Used by the Polish Armed Forces+ More similar to the modern Bundeswehr helmet. -

| M/02 Composite Helmet+ | FIN: | Used by the Finnish Defence Forces+

| RBH303IE | IRL: | Variant of the Enhanced Combat Helmet (Australia)+ helmet used by the Irish Defence Force+

| MPC-1+ | | Variant of OR-201+ helmet

| Mile Dragić M-97 | SRB: | Used by the Serbian Army+ - PASGT type helmet

| Mile Dragić M-05 | SRB: | Used by Serbian Special Forces+—MICH type helmet

| Adrian helmet+ | Japan+, , Irish Free State, , , ,

| Brodie helmet+ | , , ,

| Modèle 1951+ |

| Mk III Turtle helmet+ | CAN: , UK: |

| Helmet Steel Airborne Troop+ | , , |

| Mº 44 E.T.A. de Paracaidista+ | ARG: | used by Argentine Paratroopers

| M33 helmet+ | ,

| Bulgarian M36 Helmet+ |

| M42 Duperite helmet+ | | Paratrooper helmet

| M63 Staaldak+ | ,

| M1 helmet+ | , , the Netherlands+,

| Type 66 Helmet+ | JPN: | Variant of M1 Helmet+ used by some elements of the JSDF+ Ground Forces

| RAC helmet+ | ,

| Dutch M-28 helmet+ | ,

| m 1923 Danish helmet+ |

| Czechoslovakian Model 1932 Steel Helmet+ |

| Pickelhaube+ |

| Soviet helmets during World War II+ | , , , Warsaw Pact+

| Stahlhelm+ | , Chile+, , ,

| Hełm wz. 31+ |

| Hełm radziecki wz. 40+ |

| Hełm wz. 50+ |

| Hełm wz. 67+ |

| Swiss M1918/40+ | ,

| 1935/38 M. rohamsisak+ | /Kingdom of Hungary+ (Royal Hungarian Army+),

| 1950 M rohamsisak+ | /People's Republic of Hungary+ (Hungarian People's Army+)

| 1970 M rohamsisak+ | /People's Republic of Hungary+ (Hungarian People's Army+)

|Type 90+ | ,

| Irish M1928+ |

| Norwegian M31+ |

| Swedish M1926+ |

|Greek M1934/39 (helmet)+ | |

| Belgian M26/32+ | ,

| Portuguese M1940+, M1940-63+ |

| Spanish M1926+, M1942 Modelo Z+ |

| Burgonet+ | circa 1600| Europeans, especially by militias of

| Capeline+ | late 16th century| Europeans during the 17th century, including the English Civil War+ in

|Cervelliere+ | late 13th century| Christian Europeans in Crusades+ during the 14th century

| Great helm+ | 1189 | Christian Europeans in Third Crusade+; other Europeans until 1540

| Kabuto+ | circa 1600| Samurai+ especially during the 17th century of the Edo Period+ Tokugawa shogunate+ in Medieval JPN: .

| Morion+ | 16th and early 17th centuries| Europeans (esp. associated with Spanish Conquistadores+)

| Pickelhaube+ | 1842| especially by and other Europeans until 1918; revived for 2006 FIFA World Cup+ in

| Raupenhelm | circa 1800-1870| High crested leather helmet used primarily by

| Sallet+ | circa 1450| used in Northern Europe and until the mid-16th century

| Spangenhelm+ | 5th century| Central Asia, Near East and Europe; espec. by Scythia+ns, Sarmatia+ns, Persia+ns, and Germans until 1000

| Tarleton+ | circa 1770-1800| Crested, peaked leather helmet used by cavalry+ and light infantry+ by and in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.

| Qing parade helmet+ | after 1655 till 1911 | China+

See also headgear listing within Components of medieval armour+.

| Attic helmet+ | | ancient Greeks

| Boar's tusk helmet+ | 17th century BCE+| Mycenaean Greeks+ until 10th century BCE

|Boeotian helmet+| | ancient Greek cavalry

|Chalcidian helmet+| | ancient Greeks

|Corinthian helmet+ | | ancient Greeks

| Disc and stud helmet+ | circa 400 BCE| ancient Illyria+ns and Adriatic Veneti+ until 167 BCE

| Galea (helmet)+ | | ancient Romans

| Horned helmet+ | circa 1000 BCE| Celt+ic Europeans until 700 CE

| Illyrian type helmet+ | | ancient Greeks

|Kegelhelm+ | | ancient Greeks

| Negau helmet+ | | ancient Etrusca+ns in Negau, Slovenia+

| Montefortino helmet+ | | ancient Romans

|Pilos+ | | ancient Greeks

| Pot helmet+ | | ancient Illyrians

| Phrygian+/Thracian helmet+ | 400s BCE | ancient Greeks in Thrace+, Dacia+, Italia+ and Hellenistic+ Europe until circa 200 CE

Cushioning is used to negate concussive injuries. Researchers at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory+ published a study in 2011 that concluded that the addition of an eighth of an inch of cushion decreased the impact force to the skull by 24%.



DEFAULTSORT:Combat Helmet:
Category:Combat helmets+
Category:Medieval helmets+
Category:Military uniforms+
Category:Personal armour+

Combat helmet+ A combat helmet or battle helmet is a type of personal armor designed specifically to protect the head during combat.
SPECTRA helmet+ The SPECTRA helmet or CGF Gallet Combat Helmet is the ballistic helmet currently in use in the French military, as well as in the armies of several other countries.