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A '''combat helmet''' or '''battle helmet''' is a type of helmet+, a piece of personal armor+ designed specifically to protect the head+ during combat+.

Helmets are among the oldest forms of personal protective equipment+ and are known to have been worn by the Akkadians/Sumerians in the 23rd century BC, Mycenaean Greeks+ since the 17th century BC, the Assyrians+ around 900 BC, ancient Greeks+ and Romans+, throughout the Middle Ages+, and up to the end of the 17th century by many combatants. Their materials and construction became more advanced as weapons became more and more powerful. Initially constructed from leather+ and brass+, and then bronze+ and iron+ during the Bronze+ and Iron+ Ages, they soon came to be made entirely from forged steel+ in many societies after about 950 AD. At that time, they were purely military equipment, protecting the head from cutting blows with sword+s, flying arrow+s, and low-velocity musket+ry.

Military use of helmets declined after 1670, and rifled firearms+ ended their use by foot soldiers after 1700 but the Napoleonic era saw ornate cavalry helmets reintroduced for cuirassier+s and dragoon+s in some armies which continued to be used by French forces during World War I+ as late as 1915.[ Heaumes Page
World War I+ and its increased use of artillery+ renewed the need for steel helmets, with the French Adrian helmet+ and the British Brodie helmet+ being the first modern steel helmets used on the battlefield, soon followed by the adoption of similar steel helmets, such as the Stahlhelm+[
Today's militaries often use high quality helmets made of ballistic materials such as Kevlar+ and Aramid+, which offer improved protection. Some helmets also have good non-ballistic protective qualities, against threats such as concussive shock wave+s from explosion+s.

Many of today’s combat helmets have been adapted for modern warfare requirements and upgraded with STANAG rail+s to act as a platform for mounting cameras, video cameras and VAS Shrouds for the mounting of Night Vision Goggles (NVG) and monocular Night Vision Devices (NVD).

Beginning in the early 20th century, combat helmets have often been equipped with helmet cover+s to offer greater camouflage. There have been two main types of covers, mesh nets were earlier widely used, but most modern combat helmets use camouflage cloth covers instead of the earlier net covers.

By the late 20th century, starting in the 1970s and 1980s, new materials such as kevlar and aramid began replacing steel as the primary material for combat helmets, in an effort to improve weight, ballistics protection, and protection against head injuries caused by blasts. This practice still continues into the 21st century, with further advancement and refinements in the fibers used, design and shape of the helmet, and increased modularity. Early helmet systems of this new design are the American PASGT, the Spanish MARTE, the Italian SEPT-2 PLUS, and British Mk6.

| Ops-Core FAST | USA: | Used by the United States special operations+, United States SWAT+ and Law Enforcement, German Bundeswehr+, Norwegian Armed Forces+ and others.

| Ops-Core FAST High Cut Helmet | USA: | Used by Australian and New Zealand Military and Law Enforcement personnel

| SPECTRA helmet+ | FRA: | Used by the French Army+, Austrian Army+, Bangladesh Army+, Danish Army+, Malta Army+, Royal Moroccan Army+, Ukrainian Ground Forces+, and United Nations+ peacekeeping forces

| Enhanced Combat Helmet+ (ECH)| USA: |

| Advanced Combat Helmet+ (ACH)| USA: |Developed from the Modular Integrated Communications Helmet+, the ACH is now the standard issue helmet of the US Army.

| Modular Integrated Communications Helmet+ (MICH)| USA: | Developed for special operations+ use by the United States Army+, it became the basis for the Advanced Combat Helmet+

| Lightweight Helmet+ (LWH)| USA: | Used by United States Marine Corps+

| Mk. 6 Helmet+| UK: | Used by British Armed Forces+. being replaced by the Mk. 7 Helmet+

| Mk. 7 Helmet+| UK: | Used by British Armed forces+

| M76 paratrooper helmet+| UK: | Used by British Armed forces+ Paratroopers and Airborne forces.

| BK-6 Helmet+ | CRO: | Used by the Croatian Army+, Swedish Army+, German Army+, Kuwaiti Army+, French Army+, Singapore Army+, Israel Army+, Saudi Arabian Army+, Polish Armed Forces+, Australian Army+, Turkish Armed Forces+, Czech Army+, Bulgarian Army+, United Arab Emirates Army+, Lithuanian Armed Forces+, Mexican Army+, Spanish Army+, Pakistan Army+, Malaysian Army+, Saudi Arabian Army+, Finnish Army+, National Army of Colombia+, Armed Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan+, Indonesian Army+, Italian Army+, Military of Hungary+, Armed Forces of the Argentine Republic+, People's Liberation Army+ and by the police forces+ of the following countries: Croatia+, Turkey+, UK+, Spain+, Republic of Macedonia+, Egypt+, Russia+, Saudi Arabia+, Turkey+, Colombia+, Italy+, Ukraine+, by Argentina+ and by the UN+ demining committee. - Similar to the Gefechshelm B826.

| BK-9 Helmet+ | CRO: | Used by the Croatian Army+. Updated version of the BK-6. - Similar to the Gefechshelm B826.

| BK-3 Helmet+ | CRO: | Used by the Croatian Army. Further updated version of the BK-6. Also used by Bulgaria+. - Similar to the Gefechshelm B826.

| CCB+ | BRA: | Used by the Brazilian Armed Forces+ in two versions: Polymer+ and Kevlar+.

| BK-3 Helmet+ | | Kevlar helmet worn by the Bulgarian Land Forces+. Replacing the older steel M36 type C Helmet+. - Similar to the Gefechshelm B826.

| M91 Helmet+ | AUS: | PASGT kevlar helmet used by the Australian Defense Force+. Was made by RBR Armour Systems Pty Ltd (Australia.) Also made by Gentex USA. The Australian PASGT helmet was identical to the USA PASGT helmet with the exception of a 3-point chin strap, much like the chin strap of the German B826 Gefechsthelm. Was replaced in 2004.

| Enhanced Combat Helmet+ (RBH 303 AU) | AUS: | MICH 2000 style helmet made by Rabintex, Israel adopted by the Australian Defence Force in 2004, replacing the M91 PASGT helmet. Also in service with the New Zealand Defence Force since 2009.

| CG634+ | CAN: | Used by the Canadian Forces+ since 1998 - SPECTRA type helmet.

| M92 Helmet | | First kevlar helmet used by the Danish Armed Forces+. - Imported SPECTRA helmet. Design later incorporated into the M/96.

| Gron Helmet | | Early kevlar helmet used by the Danish Armed Forces while peacekeeping. - Imported Gefechtshelm B826.

| M/96 Helmet+ | | Kevlar helmet used by the Danish Armed Forces+. - SPECTRA type helmet. Might be replaced by ACH type helmet.

| CABAL II+ | ARG: | Ballistic Helmet M-6 for Argentine Infantry Approved by However it wasn´t issued in large scales.

| PASGT helmet+ | USA: | First issued in 1983 to replace the M1 helmet. Former kevlar helmet used by the United States Army, Marine Corps, Navy. Used by the USAF, but is being phased out by the ACH US Air Force+. Adopted by the Mexican Armed Forces+ in the 1990s to replace the M1 helmet. Replaced the M1 helmet of the Argentine army and modified with padded interiors. US-made PASGT helmets (by UNICOR and Gentex) replaced the New Zealand M1 helmet and were in use until the adoption of the Australian ECH.

| M1994 | | First Kevlar helmet adopted by the Norwegian Armed Forces+. - Imported Gefechtshelm B826.

| Hjelm Cato+ | | Proprietary kevlar helmet adopted by the Norwegian Armed Forces+ in the early 2000s (decade). - Similar to the Swedish Hjalm 90.

| GOLFO+ | CHL: | Military of Chile+, Similar to the PASGT.

| GK80+ | PRC: | People's Liberation Army+

| QGF03+ | PRC: | People's Liberation Army+

| QGF02+ | PRC: | People's Liberation Army+

| SSh-68+ | USSR: | Steel helmet Russian Army+ Russia+

| STSh-81+ | USSR: | Titanium helmet Russian Special Forces+ Russia+

| 6B7+ | RUS: | Kevlar helmet Russian army+

| 6B7-1L+ | RUS: | Kevlar helmet Russian army+ and Naval Infantry Russia+

| Kolpak 2+ | RUS: | Kevlar helmet Russian army+

| 6B27+ | RUS: | Kevlar helmet Russian army+

| 6B28+ | RUS: | Kevlar helmet Russian army+

| 6B26+ | RUS: | Kevlar helmet Russian army+

| OR-201+ | ISR: | Kevlar helmet used by the Israel Defense Forces+, Some units of Special forces of Indian Army+, Irish Defence Force+, Lebanon+ (Lebanese Forces+, South Lebanon Army+, Hezbollah+, Lebanese Army+), Honduran Army+, Guatemalan Army+, Peruvian Army+, Romanian Army+, Nicaragua+ (National Guard and Police), Portugal+ (Portuguese Marine Corps+), South African Defence Force+, Chilean Army+ (1st Parachutists Battalion "Pelantaru" (1º Batallón de Paracaidistas "Pelantaru")), Sri Lanka+, and other countries.

| KASDA | ISR: | Kevlar helmet Israel Defense Forces+, Guatemalan Army+

| Gefechtshelm Schuberth B828+ | GER: | Limitedly used by the paratroops in Bundeswehr+ like Fallschirmjäger+, Spezialisierte Kräfte des Heeres mit Erweiterter Grundbefähigung für Spezielle Operationen+ and Kommando Spezialkräfte+. - ACH type helmet.

| Gefechtshelm Schuberth B826+ (M92)| GER: | Used by the Bundeswehr+, Swiss Armed Forces+, Dutch Army+, Estonian Defence Forces+, Czech Army+ and other countries - PASGT type helmet.

| NP Aerospace AC200/650+ | | Kevlar helmet used by the Greek Special Forces+. - Gefechshelm type helmet. - Hellenic Army, Navy and Air Force primarily use the PASGT.

| Helm wz. 2005+ | POL: | Newer kevlar helmet used by the Polish Armed Forces+. Supplementing the older Helm wz. 93 currently in use. Similar in size to the American Advanced Combat Helmet+ (ACH), similar look to the PASGT.

| MARTE | ESP: | Versions I to IV, MARTE IV Kevlar helmet currently used by the Spanish Armed Forces+. - Similar to the PASGT. - Protec type helmet replacing it in the Spanish Navy Marines+.

| Sistema Compositi ''SEPT-2 PLUS'' | ITA: | Kevlar helmet used by the Italian Armed Forces+

| Sistema Compositi ''SUPERUBOTT'' | ITA: | Used by Special Units (particularly GIS+) of the Italian Law Enforcement community+

| Savar SVRH01 | TUR: | Used by the Turkish Armed Forces+ and General Directorate of Security+

| Savar SVRH02 | TUR: | Used by the Police Special Operation Department+ of the General Directorate of Security+

| Tecnoplast ''TD-71'' | ITA: | Used by the Italian Law Enforcement community+ for riot control+

| Type 88 Helmet+ | JPN: | Used by the JSDF+ - PASGT type helmet

| M80 Helmet+ | IRQ: | Plastic and cloth helmet, limited use

| BK-6+ | MEX: | Kevlar helmet, adopted in the 2000s (decade). used in conjunction supplementation role with the PASGT. - Imported helmet.

| M83 | RSA: | Variant of the OR-201+ helmet used by Paratroopers of the South African Army+

| M87+ | RSA: | Kevlar helmet of the South African Army+

| Hjälm 90+ | SWE: | Kevlar helmet used by the Swedish Armed Forces+

| Helm wz. 93+ | POL: | Kevlar helmet Used by the Polish Armed Forces+. - Being replaced by the Helm wz. 2005.

| K/92 Helmet+ | FIN: | Kevlar helmet used by the Finnish Defense Forces+. Replaced in the early 2000s (decade) by the M/02. - PASGT-Hjelm style blend helmet.

| M/02 Composite Helmet+ | FIN: | Used by the Finnish Defence Forces+

| MKH/PA-1 | | Kevlar helmet worm by the Indian Armed Forces+.- PASGT type helmet.

| PATKA | IND: | Indian Armed Forces+. Indigenously built helmet. It can prevent 7.62mm AKM round.

| RBH303IE | IRL: | Variant of the Enhanced Combat Helmet (Australia)+ helmet used by the Irish Defence Force+

| MPC-1+ | | Variant of OR-201+ helmet

| Mile Dragić M-97 | SRB: | Used by the Serbian Army+ - PASGT type helmet

| Mile Dragić M-05 | SRB: | Used by Serbian Special Forces+—MICH type helmet

| KCI | ROK: | Kevlar helmet worn by the Republic of Korea Armed Forces+. - PASGT type helmet.

| Mº 44 E.T.A. de Paracaidista+ | | ARG: | 1944 | used by Argentine Paratroopers

| M63 Staaldak+ | | | 1963 |

| Type 66 Helmet+ | | JPN: | 1966 | Variant of M1 Helmet+ used by some elements of the JSDF+ Ground Forces

| RAC helmet+ | | ,

| Dutch M-28 helmet+ | | ,

| Czechoslovakian Model 1932 Steel Helmet+ | |

| Soviet helmets during World War II+ | | , , , Warsaw Pact+

| Hełm radziecki wz. 40+ | |

| Hełm wz. 50+ | |

| Hełm wz. 67+ | |

| Swiss M1918/40+ | | ,

| 1935/38 M. rohamsisak+ | | | 1935 |

| 1950 M rohamsisak+ | | | 1950 |

| 1970 M rohamsisak+ | |

|Type 90+ | | ,

| Irish M1928+ | |

| Norwegian M31+ | |

| Swedish M1926+ | |

| Belgian M26/32+ | | ,

| Portuguese M1940+ | 90px+ |

| Spanish M1926+, M1942 Modelo Z+ | |

| Armet+ | 15th century | Western Europeans.

| Barbute+ | 15th century | Italian states.

| Burgonet+ | c. 1600| Europeans, especially by militias of

| Capeline+ | late 16th century| Europeans during the 17th century, including the English Civil War+ in

| Cervelliere+ | late 13th century| Christian Europeans in Crusades+ during the 14th century

| Close helmet+ | late 15th century| Western Europeans.

| Dragoon helmet+ | late 18th century| .

| Enclosed helmet+ | late 12th century| Western Europeans.

| Frog-mouth helm+ | c. 1600 | Western Europeans.

| Great helm+ | 1189 | Christian Europeans in Third Crusade+; other Europeans until 1540

| Hounskull+ | 14th century | Western Europeans.

| Kabuto+ | c. 1600| Samurai+ especially during the 17th century of the Edo Period+ Tokugawa shogunate+ in Medieval JPN: .

| Kettle hat+ | 12th century | Common all over medieval Europe.

| Morion+ | 16th and early 17th centuries| Europeans (esp. associated with Spanish Conquistadores+)

| Nasal helmet+ | Early Middle Ages+ | Byzantine Empire+, later common all over Europe.

| Pickelhaube+ | 1842| especially by and other Europeans until 1918; revived for 2006 FIFA World Cup+ in

| Raupenhelm | c. 1800-1870| High crested leather helmet used primarily by

| Sallet+ | c. 1450| used in Northern Europe and until the mid-16th century

| Secrete+ | 17th century | Western Europeans

| Spangenhelm+ | 5th century| Central Asia, Near East and Europe; espec. by Scythia+ns, Sarmatia+ns, Persia+ns, and Germans until 1000

| Tarleton+ | c. 1770-1800| Crested, peaked leather helmet used by cavalry+ and light infantry+ by and in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.

| Qing parade helmet+ | after 1655 till 1911 | China+

| Zischagge+ | c. 1600-1780 | Originated in Ottoman Empire+, used by the most of the Europe.

See also headgear listing within Components of medieval armour+.

| Attic helmet+ | | ancient Greeks

| Boar's tusk helmet+ | 17th century BCE+| Mycenaean Greeks+ until 10th century BCE

|Boeotian helmet+| | ancient Greek cavalry

|Chalcidian helmet+| | ancient Greeks

|Corinthian helmet+ | | ancient Greeks

| Disc and stud helmet+ | c. 400 BCE| ancient Illyria+ns and Adriatic Veneti+ until 167 BCE

| Galea (helmet)+ | | ancient Romans

| Horned helmet+ | c. 1000 BCE| Celt+ic Europeans until 700 CE

| Illyrian type helmet+ | | ancient Greeks

|Kegelhelm+ | | ancient Greeks

| Negau helmet+ | | ancient Etrusca+ns in Negau, Slovenia+

| Montefortino helmet+ | | ancient Romans

|Pilos+ | | ancient Greeks

| Pot helmet+ | | ancient Illyrians

| Phrygian+/Thracian helmet+ | 5th century BCE | ancient Greeks in Thrace+, Dacia+, Italia+ and Hellenistic+ Europe until c. 200 CE

Cushioning is used to negate concussive injuries. Researchers at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory+ published a study in 2011 that concluded that the addition of an eighth of an inch of cushion decreased the impact force to the skull by 24%.



DEFAULTSORT:Combat Helmet:
Category:Medieval helmets+
Category:Military uniforms+
Category:Personal armour+

Combat helmet+ A combat helmet or battle helmet is a type of helmet, a piece of personal armor designed specifically to protect the head during combat.
SPECTRA helmet+ The SPECTRA helmet or CGF Gallet Combat Helmet is the ballistic helmet in use as of 2016 in the French military, and the armies of several other countries.