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Daming Palace National Heritage Park

1 October 2010
Xi'an+, China+
Archaeological site+ and history museum+

'''Daming Palace'''
The Daming Palace northeast of the capital city Chang'an+
Palace of Great BrillianceChung, Saehyang. "". ''Artibus Asiae'', Vol. 50, No. 1/2 (1990), pp. 23–72. Accessed 15 November 2013.
Dàmíng Gōng
Daming Palace National Heritage Park
dàmíng gōng guójiā yízhǐ gōngyuán

The '''Daming Palace''' ("Palace of Great Brilliance") was the imperial palace complex of the Tang Dynasty+, located in its capital Chang'an+. It served as the royal residence of the Tang emperors for more than 220 years. Today, it is designated as a national heritage site+ of China+. The area is located northeast of present-day Xi'an+, Shaanxi Province.

The palace was originally known as ''Yong'an Palace'', but was renamed to ''Daming Palace'' in 635. In 662, after renovations to the palace, it was renamed to ''Penglai Palace''. In 670, it was named to ''Hanyuan Palace'' or ''Yuan Palace''. Eventually, in 701, the name of the palace became ''Daming Palace'' again.

The former royal residence was the Taiji Palace, built in the previous Sui Dynasty+. In 632, Ma Zhou+ charged that the retired Emperor Gaozu was living in Da'an Palace (大安宮) to the west, which he considered an inhospitable place as it was built on low-lying lands of Chang'an that was plagued by dampness and heat during the summer. According to him, ever since Emperor Taizong moved to the countryside during the summers, his retired father was left behind in Chang'an to suffer in the summer heat. However, his father would always decline any invitation to spend the summer together when Emperor Taizong eventually did invite him. Ever since the bloody palace coup of the Xuanwu Gate Incident+ in 626, it seemed that father and son had drifted apart to an extent that their relationship never healed.

In 634, Emperor Taizong+ launched the construction of the Daming Palace at Longshou Plateau. In 663, the construction of the palace was completed under the reign of Emperor Gaozong+. Emperor Gaozong had launched the extension of the palace with the construction of the Hanyuan Hall in 662, which was finished in 663. On 5 June 663, the Tang Dynasty imperial family began to relocate from the Taiji Palace into the yet to be completed Daming Palace, which became the new seat of the imperial court and political center of the empire.

Beginning from the south and ending in the north, on the central axis, stand the Hanyuan Hall, the Xuanzheng Hall, and the Zichen Hall

After passing through the Danfeng Gate, there is a square of 630 meters long with at the end the Hanyuan Hall. The Hanyuan Hall was connected to pavilions by corridors, namely the Xiangluan Pavilion in the east and the Qifeng Pavilion in the west. The pavilions were composed of three outward-extending sections of the same shape but different size that were connected by corridors. The elevated platform of the Hanyuan Hall is approximately 15 meters high, 200 meters wide, and 100 meters long. The Hanyuan Hall, where many state ceremonies were conducted, would serve as the main hall for hosting foreign ambassadors during diplomatic exchanges.

The Xuanzheng Hall is located at a distance of about 300 meters north of the Hanyuan Hall. State affairs were usually conducted in this hall. The office of the secretariat was located to the west of the Xuanzheng Hall and the office of the chancellery was located to the east. series=Daming Palace |url=http://english.cntv.cn/program/documentary/20111118/100113.shtml |network=China Central Television+ |station=CCTV-9 |number=1 |minutes=39–41 |language=English From this area, the department of state affairs, the chancellery+, and the secretariat handled the central management of the Tang empire, which was done in a system with Three Departments and Six Ministries+.

The Zichen Hall, located in the inner court, is approximately 95 meters north of the Xuanzheng Hall. It housed the central government offices. For officials, it was considered a great honor to be summoned to the Zichen Hall. Taiye Lake+, named after the pond excavated by the Han+ emperor+ Wu+ during the construction of his Jianzhang Palace+ in the first century BC, is lies to the north of the Zichen Hall. It expanded over 240 mu''China Bravo''. "Daming Palace National Heritage Park". Accessed 15 November 2013. (40 acres or 0.16 km²) and an island representing the mythical+ land of Penglai+ was built within it. The pond and island have been recreated, as have the former gardens. These were based on the historical record, with separate peony+, chrysanthemum+, plum+, rose+, bamboo+, almond+, peach+, and persimmon+ gardens.''China Daily''. "[http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/m/daminggong/2010-05/14/content_9851057_2.htm Brief Introduction of
The Linde Hall is located to the west of the lake. It served as a place for banquets, performances, and religious rites. It consisted of three halls—a front, middle, and rear hall—adjacent to each other. An imperial park could be found north of the palace complex. The Sanqing Hall was located in the northeast corner the Daming Palace and served as a Taoist+ temple for the imperial family.

The border of the present site has also been planted with locusts+ and willows+ around all four sides.

The site of the Daming Palace was discovered in 1957.

Preventive conservation+ measures of the Hanyuan Hall site began in 1993. From 1994 to 1996, for the restoration and preservation of the site, numerous surveys and excavations were conducted. The State Administration of Cultural Heritage+ (SACH) and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization+ (UNESCO) drew up and adopted a two-phased plan by 24 July 1995 to safeguard the Hanyuan Hall site. Work on the project started in 1995 by the joint effort of the Chinese government, Chinese and Japanese institutes, UNESCO, and various specialists. Most of the conservation work concluded in 2003.

On 1 October 2010, the Daming Palace National Heritage Park was opened to the public. There are many exhibition halls located throughout the site of the palace complex to showcase the excavated cultural relics of the site.


Archaeology museums in China:

Daming Palace+ The Daming Palace ("Palace of Great Brilliance") was the imperial palace complex of the Tang Dynasty, located in its capital Chang'an.