Dardanelles Gun +Search for Videos

weapon
Dardanelles Gun
Bombard+
yes
no
no
yes
no
no
Ottoman Empire+
Dardanelles Operation+
Munir AliSchmidtchen (1977b), pp. 226–228
1464
16.8 t
518 cm
63 cm (ball diameter)
none
none


The '''Dardanelles Gun''' (''Şahi'' in Turkish+) or '''Great Turkish Bombard'''http://www.royalarmouries.org/visit-us/fort-nelson/galleries/single-object/196 is a 15th-century siege+ cannon+, specifically a super-sized+ bombard+, which saw action in the 1807 Dardanelles Operation+.Schmidtchen (1977b), p. 228

The Dardanelles Gun was cast in bronze in 1464 by Munir Ali with a weight of 16.8 t and a length of 518 cm, being capable of firing stone balls of up to 63 cm diameter. The powder chamber and the barrel are connected by the way of a screw+ mechanism, allowing easier transport of the unwieldy device.

Such super-sized bombards had been employed in Western Europe siege warfare since the beginning of the 15th century, and were introduced to the Ottoman army in 1453 by the gunfounder Orban+ (from Brasov+, Kingdom of Hungary+) on the occasion of the Siege of Constantinople+.Schmidtchen (1977b), p. 226 Ali's piece is assumed to have followed closely the outline of these guns.

Along with other huge cannons, the Dardanelles Gun was still present for duty more than 350 years later in 1807, when a Royal Navy+ force appeared and commenced the Dardanelles Operation+. Turkish forces loaded the ancient relics with propellant+ and projectile+s, then fired them at the British ships. The British squadron suffered 28 dead through this bombardment.

In 1866, on the occasion of a state visit, Sultan Abdülâziz+ gave the Dardanelles Gun to Queen Victoria+ as a present. It became part of the Royal Armouries+ collection and was displayed to visitors at the Tower of London+ and was then moved to Fort Nelson, Hampshire+, overlooking Portsmouth.

*List of the largest cannon by calibre+



* Ffoulkes, Charles+, "The 'Dardanelles' Gun at the Tower", ''Antiquarian Journal'', Vol. 10 (1930), pp. 217–227
* Schmidtchen, Volker (1977a), "Riesengeschütze des 15. Jahrhunderts. Technische Höchstleistungen ihrer Zeit", ''Technikgeschichte'' '''44''' (2): 153–173 (153–157)
* Schmidtchen, Volker (1977b), "Riesengeschütze des 15. Jahrhunderts. Technische Höchstleistungen ihrer Zeit", ''Technikgeschichte'' '''44''' (3): 213–237 (226–228)

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Dardanelles Gun+ The Dardanelles Gun (Şahi in Turkish) or Great Turkish Bombard is a 15th-century siege cannon, specifically a super-sized bombard, which saw action in the 1807 Dardanelles Operation.