ETH Zurich +Search for Videos

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich
Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zürich
Lino Guzzella+
Ralph Eichler

CHF+1.47 billion (US$+1.62 billion)
10,242 (headcount 2012), 7,662 (full-time equivalents 2012)

Location map | Switzerland
ETH Zürich
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'''ETH Zürich''' () is an engineering, science, technology, mathematics and management university+ in the city of Zürich+, Switzerland+. Like its sister institution Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL)+, it is an integral part of the Swiss Federal Institutes of Technology Domain (ETH Domain)+ that is directly subordinate to Switzerland's Federal Department of Economic Affairs, Education and Research+.

ETH Zürich is consistently rated among the top universities in the world. It is considered the best university in continental Europe by the Shanghai Ranking ARWU+, the Times Higher Education World University Rankings+ and the QS World University Ranking+. It is currently ranked 4th in Europe overall, and 8th best university in the world in engineering, science and technology. Twenty-one Nobel Prize+s have been awarded to students or professors of the Institute in the past, the most famous of which is Albert Einstein+ in 1921, and the most recent is Richard F. Heck+ in 2010. It is a founding member of the IDEA League+ and the International Alliance of Research Universities (IARU)+ and a member of the CESAER+ network.

The school was founded by the Swiss Federal Government+ in 1854 with the stated mission to educate engineers and scientists, serve as a national center of excellence in science and technology and provide a hub for interaction between the scientific community and industry.

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ETH was founded in 1854 by the Swiss Confederation+ and opened its doors in 1855 as a polytechnic institute (''Eidgenössische Polytechnische Schule''). It comprised in the beginning six departments: architecture+, civil engineering+, mechanical engineering+, chemistry+, forestry+, and a catch-all department for mathematics+, natural sciences, literature, and social and political science+s.
It is locally still known as ''Poly'', derived from the original name ''Eidgenössische polytechnische Schule'' "Federal polytechnic school".

ETH is a ''federal'' institute (i.e., under direct administration by the Swiss government), whereas the University of Zürich+ is a ''cantonal+'' institution. The decision for a new federal university was heavily disputed at the time, because the liberals pressed for a "federal university", while the conservative forces wanted all universities to remain under cantonal control, with the goal of giving liberal thoughts no refuge. In the beginning, both universities were co-located in the buildings of the University of Zürich.

From 1905 to 1908, under the presidency of Jérôme Franel+, the course program of ETH was restructured to that of a real university, from its early, very schoolish agenda, and ETH was granted the right to award doctorates. In 1909 the first doctorates were awarded. In 1911, it was given its current name, ''Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule''. In 1924, another reorganization structured the university in 12 departments. However, it now has 16 departments.

Since 1993 ETH Zürich, the EPFL, and four associated research institutes were joined and administered together as the "''ETH Domain''".

world university ranking

ETH Zürich is regularly ranked among the top universities in the world. Typically, popular rankings+ place the institution as the best university in Switzerland and on the European continent, among the top 3-5 European universities, and among the best 10-20 of the world.

Historically, ETH Zürich has achieved its reputation particularly in the fields of chemistry+, mathematics+ and physics+. There are 21 Nobel Laureate+s who are associated with ETH. The most recent Nobel Laureate is Richard F. Heck+ who was awarded the Nobel Prize+ in chemistry in 2010. Albert Einstein is perhaps its most famous alumnus.

In 2013 the QS World University Rankings+ placed ETH Zürich at 12th overall in the world, and 1st in mainland Europe, while only four UK universities performed better than it in Europe. In the 2013 Times Higher Education World University Ranking+s ETH Zürich ranked 14th overall, 8th in the field of Engineering and IT, 5th for Electrical Engineering and 12th in Physical Sciences.

According to the 2014 Academic Ranking of World Universities+ (ARWU), the ETH is ranked 19th in the world, the 3rd best university in Europe, and 1st in Switzerland. It is also ranked 8th in the field of Chemistry and 8th in the broad subject field of Natural Sciences and Mathematics worldwide.

In a comparison of Swiss universities by and in rankings published by comparing the universities of German-speaking countries, ETH Zürich traditionally is ranked first in natural sciences, computer science and engineering sciences.

In the survey on the quality of Western European graduate school programmes in the fields biology, chemistry, physics and mathematics, ETH was assessed as one of the three institutions to have excellent graduate programmes in all considered fields, the other two being the Imperial College London+ and the University of Cambridge+. To support its cutting edge research, ETH Zürich has a budget of 1.47 billion CHF (approx. 1.62 billion USD) in the year 2012.

ETH Institutes:

ETH is not selective in its undergraduate admission procedures. Like every public university in Switzerland, ETH is obliged to grant admission to every Swiss citizen who took the ''Matura+''. Most applicants from foreign countries are required to take either the ''reduced entrance exam'' or the ''comprehensive entrance exam''; an applicant can be admitted to ETH even without any verifiable educational records by passing the ''comprehensive entrance exam''.

As at all universities in Switzerland, the academic year is divided into two semesters. Examinations are mostly during an examination sessions immediately before the beginning of the next semester (while only few select courses offer an exam at the end of the semester). After the first year of study, Bachelor students must pass a block examination of all courses of the first year, called the ''Basisprüfung''. If the weighted average score is not sufficient, a student is required to retake the entire ''Basisprüfung'' which usually means having to re-sit the whole first year. About 50% of the students fail the ''Basisprüfung'' on the first try and many of them choose to drop out after the failure.
The structure of examinations in higher academic years is similar to the ''Basisprüfung'' (Basis examination), but with a higher success rate.
The regular time to reach graduation is six semesters for the Bachelor of Science+ degree and three or four further semesters for the Master of Science+ degree. The final semester is dedicated to writing a thesis.

Education at ETH Zürich generally focuses more on theoretical aspects than application and most degree programs contain a high amount of mathematical training+. The main language of instruction in undergraduate (Bachelor) studies is German and for admission a proof of sufficient knowledge of the German language is required for Bachelor students. Most Master's programmes and doctoral study are in English.

ETH Zürich has two campuses. The main building was constructed in the 1860s in the heart of the city. As the university grew, it spread into the surrounding quarters. As a result, the ''Zentrum'' campus consists of various buildings and institutions throughout Zürich and firmly integrates the ETH in the city. The main building stands directly across the street from the University of Zürich.

Because this geographic situation substantially hindered the expansion of ETH, a new campus was built from 1964 to 1976 on the ''Hönggerberg'' in the outskirts of the city. The last major expansion project of this new campus was completed in 2003; since then, the ''Hönggerberg'' location houses the departments of architecture+, civil engineering+, biology+, chemistry+, materials science+ and physics+.

The main building of ETH was built from 1861 to 1864 under Gustav Zeuner+; the architect, however, was Gottfried Semper+, who was a professor of architecture at ETH at the time and one of the most important architectural writers and theorists of the age. Semper worked in a neoclassical style+ that was unique to him. It emphasized bold and clear massings with a detailing, such as the rusticated ground level and giant order above, that derived in part from the work of Andrea Palladio+ and Donato Bramante+. During the construction of the University of Zürich, the south wing of the building was allocated to the University until its own new main building was constructed (1912 – 1914). At about the same time, Semper's ETH building was enlarged and also got its impressive cupola+.

In the year of ETH Zürich's 150th anniversary, an extensive project called "Science City" for the Hönggerberg Campus was started with the goal to transform the campus into an attractive district based on the principle of sustainability.

ETH students were found to be the busiest students of all institutions of higher education in Switzerland. The undergraduates' tight curriculum consists of as much as twice the number of lectures as comparable courses of other Swiss universities.

ETH has well over 100 student associations. Most notable is the VSETH+ (''Verband der Studierenden an der ETH'') which comprises all department associations. The associations regularly organize events with varying size and popularity. Events of the neighboring University of Zürich are well-attended by ETH students and vice versa. The VSETH organizes events of greater public attention, such as the ''Polyball'', the ''Polyparty'' (does not exist any more) and the ''Erstsemestrigenfest'', the first two housed in the main building of ETH. Sometimes, the annual ''Erstsemestrigenfest'' takes place at extraordinary locations, for example the Zürich Airport+. All freshmen enjoy special treatment at that event.

There are several student associations, most notable of those are the newly founded Entrepreneur Club Zurich and ETH Model United Nations. Both organisations enjoy high international standings and are regularly awarded for excellence in their field.

The Academic Sports Association of Zürich (ASVZ) offers more than 80 sports. The most popular activity is SuperKondi. The biggest annual sports event is the ''SOLA-Stafette'' (SOLA relay race) which consists of 14 sections over a total distance of 140 kilometers. More than 760 teams participated in the 2009 edition. The 40th edition of the SOLA, held on May 4, 2013, had 900 enrolled teams, of which 893 started and 876 were classified. In 2014 ASVZ celebrated their 75th anniversary.

The annual Polyball is the most prestigious public event at ETH, with a long tradition since the 1880s. The end of November, the ''Polyball'' welcomes around 10,000 dancers, music-lovers and party animals in the extensively decorated main building of ETH. The ''Polyball'' is the biggest decorated ball in Europe.

The amicable rivalry between ETH and the neighbouring University of Zürich has been cultivated since 1951 (Uni-Poly). There has been an annual rowing+ match between teams from the two institutions on the river Limmat+.

There are many regular symposia and conferences at ETH, most notably the annual ''Wolfgang Pauli Lectures'', in honor of former ETH Professor Wolfgang Pauli+. Distinct lecturers, among them 24 Nobel Laureate+s, have held lectures of the various fields of natural science+s at this conference since 1962.

+, graduated in chemical engineering, ETH Zürich 1925.">John von Neumann+, graduated in chemical engineering, ETH Zürich 1925.+, graduated in chemical engineering, ETH Zürich 1925." style="color: #CCCCCC;">+
The names listed below are taken from the official record compiled by the ETH. It includes only graduates of the ETH and professors who have been awarded the Nobel Prize+ for their achievements at ETH.

* 1901 Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen+ (graduate)
* 1920 Charles-Edouard Guillaume+ (graduate)
* 1921 Albert Einstein+ (professor)
* 1943 Otto Stern+ (lecturer)
* 1945 Wolfgang Pauli+ (professor)
* 1952 Felix Bloch+ (graduate)
* 1986 Heinrich Rohrer+ (graduate)
* 1987 Georg Bednorz+ (graduate)
* 1987 Karl Alexander Müller+ (graduate)

* 1913 Alfred Werner+ (graduate)
* 1915 Richard Martin Willstätter+ (professor)
* 1918 Fritz Haber+ (graduate)
* 1936 Peter Debye+ (professor)
* 1938 Richard Kuhn+ (professor)
* 1939 Leopold Ružička+ (professor)
* 1953 Hermann Staudinger+ (lecturer)
* 1975 Vladimir Prelog+ (professor)
* 1991 Richard Ernst+ (graduate and professor)
* 2002 Kurt Wüthrich+ (professor)

* 1950 Tadeus Reichstein+ (graduate)
* 1978 Werner Arber+ (graduate)

Other Nobel Laureates+ directly affiliated with the ETH include
* 1912 Nils Gustaf Dalén+ (working with Aurel Stodola+)
* 1943 George de Hevesy+
* 1945 Artturi Ilmari Virtanen+ (working with Georg Wiegner+)
* 1954 Max Born+ (working with Adolf Hurwitz+)
* 1964 Konrad E. Bloch+ (working with Leopold Ružička+ and Vladimir Prelog+)
* 1968 Lars Onsager+ (working with Peter Debye+ and Erich Hückel+)
* 1968 Har Gobind Khorana+ (working with Vladimir Prelog+)
* 1969 Max Delbrück+ (working with Wolfgang Pauli+)
* 1987 Jean-Marie Lehn+

* Lino Guzzella + 2013 - Present
* Heidi Wunderli-Allenspach+ September 2007 - August 2013
* Konrad Osterwalder+ 1995 - September 2007

* Lino Guzzella+ President Elect
* Ralph Eichler+ September 2007- December 2014
* Konrad Osterwalder+ President Pro Tempre November 2006 - September 2007
* Ernst Haffen+ December 2005 - November 2006

ETH Zürich has produced and attracted many famous scientists in its short history, including Albert Einstein. More than twenty Nobel laureates have either studied at ETH or were awarded the Nobel Prize+ for their work achieved at ETH. Other alumni include scientists who were distinguished with the highest honours in their respective fields, amongst them Fields Medal+, Pritzker Prize+ and Turing Award+ winners. Academic achievements aside, ETH has been Alma Mater to many Olympic Medalists and world champions.

*Imperial College London+, UK
*Technische Universität München+, Germany
*RWTH Aachen University+, Germany
*École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne+, Switzerland
*École Polytechnique+, France
*Politecnico di Milano+, Italy
*Politecnico di Torino+, Italy
*Delft University of Technology+, The Netherlands

*Laboratory for Energy Conversion+
*List of universities in Switzerland+
*List of largest universities by enrollment in Switzerland+
*Science and technology in Switzerland+
*École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne+ (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne, EPFL)
*:Category:ETH Zurich alumni+
*:Category:ETH Zurich faculty+
*Disney Research+
*List of forestry universities and colleges+
*2000-watt society+
*Swiss Electromagnetics Research and Engineering Centre+
* - The Swiss Portal for Research and Innovation+

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Category:Educational institutions established in 1854+
Category:ETH Institutes+
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology+
Category:Technical universities and colleges+
Category:Universities in Switzerland+
Category:Engineering universities and colleges in Switzerland+
Category:Buildings and structures in Zürich+
Category:Cultural property of national significance in the canton of Zürich+
Category:Forestry education+
Category:Forestry in Switzerland+

ETH Zurich+ ETH Zürich () is an engineering, science, technology, mathematics and management university in the city of Zürich, Switzerland.
ETH Zurich Faculty of Architecture+ Founded in 1854, the Department of Architecture (D-ARCH) at ETH Zurich is an architecture school of worldwide reputation, providing education in the fields of architecture, landscape architecture, urban planning, and urban design.
Scroll wheel+ A scroll wheel (or mouse wheel) is a hard plastic or rubbery disc (the "wheel") on a computer mouse that is perpendicular to the mouse surface.