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European People's Party
Joseph Daul+ (FR+)

Rue du Commerce / Handelsstraat 10, 1000 Brussels, Belgium+
Centre for European Studies+
Youth of the European People's Party+
European Democrat Students+
Women's wing
Women of the European People's Party
Christian democracy+
Liberal conservatism+
Conservatism+
European federalism+
Centre-right+
Centrist Democrat International+,
International Democrat Union+
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European Union

The '''European People's Party''' ('''EPP''') is a European political party+ that was founded by Christian Democratic+ parties in 1976, though it has since broadened its membership to include conservative+ parties and parties with other centre-right+ political perspectives.

The EPP has been the largest party in the European Parliament+ since 1999 and in the European Council+ since 2002. It is also by far the largest party in the current European Commission+. The President of the European Council+ and the President of the European Commission+ are both from the EPP. Many of the Founding fathers of the European Union+ were also from parties that later formed the EPP. Outside the EU the party also controls a majority in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe+. The EPP has alternated with its centre-left+ rival the Party of European Socialists+ (PES) as the largest European political party.

The EPP includes major parties such as the German Christian Democratic Union+ (CDU), the French Union for a Popular Movement+ (UMP), the Spanish People's Party+ (PP) and the Polish Civic Platform+ (PO), and it has member parties in almost all the EU states. It has no member party in the United Kingdom+, however, as the British Conservative Party+ does not agree with the EPP's federalist policies and instead formed the Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists+ in 2009.

According to its website, the EPP is "the family of the political centre-right, whose roots run deep in the history and civilization of the European continent, and [which] has pioneered the European project from its inception".

The EPP was founded in Luxembourg on 8 July 1976 on the initiative of Jean Seitlinger+; Leo Tindemans+, then Prime Minister of Belgium, who became the first President of the EPP; and Wilfried Martens+, who later became both President of the EPP and Prime Minister of Belgium. It had been preceded by the ''Secretariat International des partis démocratiques d'inspiration chrétienne+'', founded in 1925, the ''Nouvelles Equipes Internationales+'', founded in 1946 (or 1948), in "European View", Volume 3, 2006, from the and the European Union of Christian Democrats+, founded in 1965.

In the late 1990s the Finnish politician Sauli Niinistö+ negotiated the merger of the European Democrat Union+ (EDU), of which he was President, into the EPP. In October 2002 the EDU ceased its activities after being formally absorbed by the EPP at a special event in Estoril, Portugal. In recognition of his efforts Niinistö was elected Honorary President of the EPP the same year.

The EPP has had five Presidents:

! No. !! Image !! Name !! Tenure !! Member State

| '''1'''
| Leo Tindemans+
| 1976-1985
| Belgium+

| '''2'''

| Piet Bukman+
| 1985-1987
| Netherlands+

| '''3'''

| Jacques Santer+
| 1987-1990
| Luxembourg+

| '''4'''
| Wilfried Martens+
| 1990-2013
| Belgium+

|'''5'''

| Joseph Daul+
| 2013–present
| France+
|


During its Congress in Bucharest in 2012 the EPP updated its political platform after 20 years (since its Congress in Athens in 1992) and approved a political manifesto+ in which it summarised its main values and policies.

The manifesto highlights:
* Economic freedom as a central human right, coupled with responsibility
* Respect for Christian traditions and associations
* Solidarity to help those in need, who in turn should also make an effort to improve their situation
* Ensuring solid public finances by slashing social securities; disintegrating the fabric of human society
* Preserving a healthy economic environment for capitalist producers
* Subsidiarity+
* Reducing democracy to the Social Market Economy+

The manifesto also describes the EPP's priorities for the EU, including:

* European Political Union
* Direct election of the President of the European Commission+
* Completion of the European single market+
* Promotion of the family, improvements in education and health
* Strengthening of the common immigration and asylum policy, and integrating immigrants
* Continuation of enlargement of the EU, enhancement of the European Neighbourhood Policy+ and special relationship frameworks for countries that cannot,or do not want to, join the EU
* Defining a true common EU energy policy+
* Strengthening European political parties

As a central part of its campaign for the European elections+ in 2009 the EPP approved its election manifesto at its Congress in Warsaw in April that year. The manifesto called for:
* Creation of new jobs, continuing reforms and investment in education, lifelong learning+ of skills directly relevant for employers, and underpaid employment in order to create opportunities for everyone with sufficient levels of accumulated wealth.
*Avoidance of protectionism, and coordination of fiscal and monetary policies.
*Increased transparency and surveillance in financial markets.
*Making Europe the market leader in green technology+.
*Increasing the share of renewable energy+ to at least 20 per cent of the energy mix by 2020.; too little too late.
*Family-friendly flexibility for working parents, better child care and housing, family-friendly fiscal policies, encouragement of parental leave.
*A new strategy to attract skilled workers from the rest of the world to make Europe’s economy more competitive, more dynamic and more knowledge-driven; raising job insecurity throughout the EU.


The EPP operates as an international non-profit association under Belgian law according to its by-laws, the Statutes of the European People's Party (''''), originally adopted 29 April 1976.

The Presidency is the executive body of the party. It decides on the general political guidelines of the EPP and presides over its Political Assembly. The Presidency is composed of the President, ten Vice-Presidents, the Honorary Presidents, the Secretary General and the Treasurer. The Chairperson of the EPP Group in the European Parliament, the Presidents of the Commission, the Parliament and the Council, and the High Representative (as long as they belong to a member party) are all ''ex officio'' Vice-Presidents.
As of 2013 the Presidency of the EPP comprised:

*Joseph Daul+ – President
*Antonio Lopez-Isturiz White+ – Secretary General
* – Vice-President
*Michel Barnier+ - Vice-President
*Antonio Tajani+ – Vice-President
*Johannes Hahn+ – Vice-President
*Mário David+ – Vice-President
*Jacek Saryusz-Wolski+ – Vice-President
*Corien Wortmann-Kool+ – Vice-President
*Lucinda Creighton+ – Vice-President
*Tobias Billström+ – Vice-President
*Anca Boagiu+ – Vice-President
*Ingo Friedrich+ – Treasurer
*José Manuel Barroso+ – ''Ex officio'' Vice-President
*Herman Van Rompuy+ – ''Ex officio'' Vice-President
*Leo Tindemans+ – Honorary President
*Sauli Niinistö+ - Honorary President

The Political Assembly defines the political positions of the EPP between Congresses, and decides on membership applications, political guidelines and the budget. The Political Assembly is composed of designated delegates from EPP member parties, associated parties, member associations and other affiliated groups. The Political Assembly meets at least three times a year.

The Congress is the highest decision-making body of the EPP. It is composed of delegates from member parties, EPP associations, EPP Group+ MEPs, the EPP Presidency, national heads of party and government, and European Commissioners who belong to a member party, with the numbers of delegates being weighted according to the EPP's share of MEPs and individual delegates being elected by member parties according to member parties' rules.

Under the EPP's statutes the Congress must meet once every three years, but it also meets normally during the years of elections for the European Parliament (every five years), and extraordinary Congresses have also been summoned. The Congress elects the EPP Presidency every three years, decides on the main policy documents and electoral programmes, and provides a platform for the EPP's heads of government and party leaders.


EPP leaders meet for the EPP Summit a few hours before each meeting of the European Council+ in order to formulate common positions. Invitations are sent by the EPP President and attendees include, besides the members of the EPP's Presidency, all Presidents and Prime Ministers who are members of the European Council and belong to the EPP; the Presidents of the European Parliament+, the European Commission+ and the European Council+, as well as the High Representative for Foreign Affairs+, provided that they belong to the EPP; Deputy Prime Ministers or other ministers in those cases where the Prime Minister of a country does not belong to an EPP member party; and, where no EPP member party is part of a government, the leaders of the main EPP opposition party.



Following the pattern of the EPP Summit the party also organizes regular EPP Ministerial meetings before each meeting of the Council of the European Union+, with ministers, deputy ministers, secretaries of state and MEPs+ in the specific policy field attending:
* General Affairs
* Foreign Affairs
* Economy and Finance
* Home Affairs
* Justice
* Defence
* Employment and Social Affairs
* Industry
* Agriculture
* Energy
* Environment

The EPP also organizes working groups on different issues and on an ad hoc basis, as well as meetings with its affiliated members in the European Commission+. It also invites individual Commissioners to the EPP Summit meetings and to EPP Ministerial meetings.

Following amendments to the EU Regulation that governs Europarties+ in 2007, the EPP, like the other "Europarties", is responsible for organizing a pan-European campaign for the European elections+ every five years. According to the Lisbon Treaty+, the parties must present candidates for President of the European Commission+, but the EPP had already done this by endorsing Jose Manuel Barroso+ for a second term in April 2009.


The EPP holds the Presidencies of two of the three main EU institutions: the European Commission, led by President José Manuel Barroso+ (PSD), and the European Council, led by Herman Van Rompuy+ (CD&V), who has been nominated by the EPP as its first permanent President.



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In 2009 the EPP nominated José Manuel Barroso+ as its candidate for re-election as Commission President if it won the elections for the European Parliament that year. Because the EPP won Barroso+'s nomination was endorsed by the European Council and he was elected by an absolute majority in the European Parliament for a second term.

On 27 November 2009 Barroso+ unveiled the Barroso II Commission, which includes 13 EPP Commissioners out of 27.



|President+
|PSD+

|CSV+

|FI+


|Development+
|None


|Internal Market and Services+
|UMP+


|Taxation and Customs Union, Audit and Anti-Fraud+
|TS–LKD+


|Financial Programming and the Budget+
|PO+


|International Cooperation, Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Response+
|None
|100px+

|Energy+
|CDU+


|Regional Policy+
|ÖVP+


|Climate Action+
|KFP+


|Agriculture and Rural Development+
|None


|Health and Consumer Policy+
|PN+
|




The EPP has the largest group, the EPP Group+, in the European Parliament+, with 275 MEPs. From 2009 to 2014 the Group was chaired by the President of the EPP, Joseph Daul+. In 2014 the chair was assumed by Manfred Weber+.

In every election for the European Parliament candidates elected on lists of member parties of the EPP are obliged to join the EPP Group in the European Parliament.

In the current term of the 7th European Parliament+ (2009-2014) the EPP is the only Europarty+ that has a fully corresponding parliamentary group.

After presiding over the Parliament with Jerzy Buzek+ in the first half of the 2009-2014 term, in the second half the EPP Group holds seven of the fourteen vice-presidencies of the European Parliament.

The EPP has 12 out of the 28 heads of state or government attending the EPP summits in preparation for the European Council+:


Member State
Representative
Title
Political party
Member of the Council since

|
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|DISY+
|


|
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|KOK+
|


|
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|CDU+
|

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|ND+
|


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|Fidesz+
|

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|The Irish Prime Minister is commonly referred to as the Taoiseach in both Irish+ and English. See: Article 28.5.1° of the Constitution of Ireland+.
|Fine Gael+
|


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|V+
|

|Donald Tusk+
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|PO+
|

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|PSD+
|

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|PD-L+
|


|
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|PP+
|

|
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|Moderaterna+
|

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The EPP also has other heads of state or government who do not normally take part in the European Council+ or EPP summits since that responsibility belongs to the other leaders of their countries: Rosen Plevneliev+ (Bulgaria, GERB), János Áder+ (Hungary, Fidesz), Bronisław Komorowski+ (Poland, PO), Aníbal Cavaco Silva+ (Portugal, PSD), Sauli Niinistö+ (Finland, KOK).


! Country
! Institution
! Number of seats

| AUT:
| National Council+
Lower house
|

| Federal Council+
Upper house
|

| BEL:
| Chamber of Representatives+
Lower house
|

| Senate+
Upper house
|

| BUL:
| National Assembly+
|

| CRO:
| Sabor+
|

| CYP:
| House of Representatives+
|

| CZE:
| Chamber of Deputies+
Lower house
|

| Senate+
Upper house
|

| DNK:
| The Folketing+
|

| EST:
| Riigikogu+
|

| FIN:
| Parliament+
|

| FRA:
| National Assembly+
Lower house
|

| Senate+
Upper house
|

| DEU:
| Bundestag+
|

| GRC:
| Parliament+
|

| HUN:
| ''Országgyűlés+''
|

| IRL:
| Dáil+
Lower house
|

| Seanad+
Upper house
|

| ITA:
| Chamber of Deputies+
Lower house
|

| Senate+
Upper house
|

| LVA:
| Saeima+
|

| LTU:
| Seimas+
|

| LUX:
| Chamber of Deputies+
|

| MLT:
| House of Representatives+
|

| NLD:
| House of Representatives+
Lower house
|

| Senate+
Upper house
|

| POL:
| Sejm+
Lower house
|

| Senate+
Upper house
|

| PRT:
| Assembly of the Republic+
|

| ROU:
| Chamber of Deputies+
Lower house
|

| Senate+
Upper house
|

| SVK:
| National Council+
|

| SVN:
| National Assembly+
|

| ESP:
| Congress of Deputies+
Lower house
|

| Senate+
Upper house
|

| SWE:
| Parliament+
|
|


Through its associate and observer parties the EPP has four heads of state or government in non-EU countries, as well as one of the three members of the Bosnian Presidency, all of whom are invited to attend EPP summits and meetings:


State
Representative
Title
Political party
In power since

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|HHK+
|

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|SDA+
|


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|VMRO-DPMNE+
|


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|PLDM+
|


|
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|Høyre+
|

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The EPP also has other heads of state or government who do not normally attend the meetings, since the other leaders of their countries attend instead. They are Prime Minister Vjekoslav Bevanda+ (Bosnia-Herzegovina, HDZ BiH), President Gjorge Ivanov+ (Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, VMRO-DPMNE), President Bujar Nishani+ (Albania, PD) and President Abdullah Gul+ (Turkey, AKP). The same is the case for Doris Leuthard+ (CVP), member of the Swiss Federal Council+ and Teodoro Lonfernini+ (PDCS), one of the two Captain Regents+ of San Marino+.

The Group of the EPP in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe+ defends freedom of expression and information, as well as freedom of movement of ideas and religious tolerance. It promotes the principle of subsidiarity and local autonomy, as well as the defence of national, social and other minorities. The EPP/CD Group is led by Pedro Agramunt+, a member of the Spanish Popular Party+.

The EPP/CD group also includes members from parties that are not related to the EPP itself, including members of the Patriotic Union+ (Liechtenstein), the Progressive Citizens' Party+ (Liechtenstein), the National and Democratic Union+ (Monaco) and the Serbian Progressive Party+.

The "EPP and like-minded Group" in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe+ (OSCE) is the most active political group in that body. The Group meets on a regular basis and promotes the EPP's positions. The members of the EPP Group also participate in the election-monitoring missions of the OSCE.

The Group is chaired by Walburga Habsburg Douglas+ (Sweden), and its Vice-Presidents are Consiglio Di Nino+ (Canada), Vilija Aleknaitė Abramikiene (Lithuania), Laura Allegrini (Italy) and George Tsereteli+ (Georgia).

The Group also includes members of parties not related to the EPP, accounting for the "like-minded" part of its name. Among them are members of the Patriotic Union+ (Liechtenstein), the Union for the Principality+ (Monaco), the Conservative Party+ of the United Kingdom, the Conservative Party of Canada+ and the Republican Party+ of the United States.

The EPP is also present and active in the Parliamentary Assembly of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO+), and forms the “EPP and Associated Members” Group there. It is led by the German CDU+ politician Karl Lamers, who is also the current President of the Assembly. The Group also includes members of the Conservative Party of Canada+ and the Republican Party+ of the United States.


The EPP has close relations with the International Republican Institute+ (IRI), an organization funded by the U.S. government specially to promote democracy and democratization. The EPP and the IRI cooperate within the framework of the European Partnership Initiative.

The EPP's President, Wilfried Martens, endorsed Senator John McCain+, the Republican+ nominee for president+, in the presidential election in 2008+ McCain is also Chairman of the IRI. In 2011 Martens and McCain made joint press statements expressing their concern about the state of democracy in Ukraine.

The EPP is the European wing of two global centre-right organisations, the International Democrat Union+ (IDU) and the Christian Democrat International+ (CDI).



Following the revision in 2007 of the EU Regulation that governs European political parties+, allowing the creation of European foundations affiliated to Europarties+, the EPP established in the same year its official foundation/think tank, the Centre for European Studies (CES). The CES includes as members all the major national think tanks and foundations affiliated to EPP member parties: the Konrad Adenauer Foundation+ (CDU), the Hanns Seidel Foundation+ (CSU), the Foundation for Analysis and Social Studies+ (PP), the Constantinos Karamanlis Institute for Democracy+ (ND), the Jarl Hjalmarson Foundation+ (MOD), the Political Academy of the Austrian People's Party+ (ÖVP) and others. During the European Parliamanet election campaign in 2009 the CES launched a web-based campaign module, tellbarroso.eu, to support Jose Manuel Barroso+, the EPP's candidate for re-election as Commission President.

The Budapest-based Robert Schuman Institute and the Luxembourg-based Robert Schuman Foundation are also affiliated with the European People's Party.


The EPP is linked to several specific associations that focus on specific groups and organise seminars, forums, publications and other activities.


SME Europe is the official business organization of the EPP, and serves as a network for pro-business politicians and political organisations. Its main objective is to shape EU policy in a more SME-friendly way in close cooperation with the SME Circle of the EPP Group in the European Parliament, the DG Enterprise+ and the pro-business organizations of the EPP's member parties. Its top priorities are to reform the legal framework for SMEs all over Europe, and to promote and support the interests of small and medium-sized enterprises. SME Europe was founded in May 2012 by three Members of the European Parliament, Paul Rübig+, Nadezhda Neynsky+ and Bendt Bendtsen+.


European Democrat Students (EDS) is now the official students’ organisation of the EPP, though it was founded in 1961, 15 years before the EPP itself. Led by Eva Majewski, EDS has 40 member organizations, representing nearly 1,600,000 students and young people in 31 countries, including Belarus+ and Georgia+. Every year EDS hosts Summer and Winter "universities", and several seminars. It also regularly publishes a magazine, ''Bullseye'', and organizes topical campaigns.

Founded in Madrid+ in 1995 and led by Ann Hermans of the CD&V+, the European Senior Union (ESU) is the largest political senior citizens’ organization in Europe. The ESCU is represented in 26 states with 45 organisations and about 500,000 members.

The European Union of Christian Democratic Workers (EUCDW) is the labour organization of the EPP, with 24 member organizations in 18 different countries. As the officially recognized EPP association of workers, the EUCDW is led by Elmar Brok+, MEP+. It aims at the political unification of a democratic Europe, the development of the EPP on the basis of Christian social teaching, and the defence of workers' interests in European policy-making.

The Women of the European People’s Party (EPP Women) is recognized by the EPP as the official association of women from all like-minded political parties of Europe. EPP Women has more than 40 member organizations from countries of the European Union and beyond. All of them are women‘s organizations of political parties that are members of the EPP. EPP Women is led by Doris Pack+.


The Youth of the European People’s Party (YEPP), led by Konstantinos Kyranakis, is the EPP‘s official youth organization. It has 51 member organizations, bringing together between one and two million young people in 38 countries.


Within the EPP there are three kinds of member organizations: full members, associate membres and observers.

Full members are parties from EU states. They have absolute rights to vote in all the EPP's organs and on all matters.

Associate members have the same voting rights as full members except for matters concerning the EU's structure or policies. These associate membres are parties from EU candidate countries and EFTA+ countries.

Observer parties can participate in all the activities of the EPP, and attend the Congresses and Political Assemblies, but they do not have any voting rights.

A special status of "supporting member" is granted by the Presidency to individuals and associations. Although they do not have voting rights, they can be invited by the President to attend meetings of certain organs of the party. Three EU Commissioners, Dacian Ciolos+, Kristalina Georgieva+ and Andris Piebalgs+, are members of the EPP even though they do not belong to any national member party.


AUT:
*Austrian People's Party+ (ÖVP)

BEL:
*Christian Democratic and Flemish+ (CD&V)
*Humanist Democratic Centre+ (cdH)

BUL:
*GERB+
*Democrats for a Strong Bulgaria+
*Union of the Democratic Forces+
*Democratic Party+

CRO:
* Croatian Democratic Union+ (HDZ)
* Croatian Peasant Party+ (HSS)

CYP:
*Democratic Rally+ (DISY)

CZE:
*TOP 09+
*Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party+ (KDU–ČSL)

DNK:
*Conservative People's Party+
*Christian Democrats+

EST:
*Pro Patria and Res Publica Union+ (IRL)

FIN:
*National Coalition Party+

FRA:
*Union for a Popular Movement+ (UMP)

DEU:
*Christian Democratic Union+ (CDU)
*Christian Social Union of Bavaria+ (CSU)

GRC:
*New Democracy+

HUN:
*Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Union+
*Christian Democratic People's Party+

IRL:
*Fine Gael+

ITA:
*Forza Italia+ (FI)
*New Centre-Right+ (NCD)
*Union of the Centre+ (UdC)
*Union of Democrats for Europe+ (UDEUR)
* Populars for Italy+ (PI)

LVA:
*Unity+

LTU:
*Homeland Union – Lithuanian Christian Democrats+ (TS-LKD)

LUX:
*Christian Social People's Party+ (CSV/PSC)

MLT:
*Nationalist Party+

NLD:
*Christian Democratic Appeal+ (CDA)

POL:
*Civic Platform+ (PO)
*Polish People's Party+ (PSL)

PRT:
*Social Democratic Party+ (PSD)
*CDS – People's Party+ (CDS–PP)

ROM:
*Democratic Liberal Party+ (PD-L)
*Christian Democratic National Peasants' Party+ (PNŢ-CD)
*Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania+ (UDMR)
* People's Movement Party+ (PMP)
* National Liberal Party+ (PNL)

SVK:
*Christian Democratic Movement+ (KDH)
*Slovak Democratic and Christian Union – Democratic Party+ (SDKÚ-DS)
*Most–Híd+
*Party of the Hungarian Community+ (SMK/MKP)

SVN:
*Slovenian Democratic Party+ (SDS)
*Slovenian People's Party+ (SLS)
*New Slovenia+ (NSi)

ESP:
*People's Party+ (PP)
*Democratic Union of Catalonia+ (UDC)

SWE:
*Moderate Party+
*Christian Democrats+


MKD:
* Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization – Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity+ (VMRO–DPMNE)

NOR:
* Conservative Party+ (H)

SRB:
* United Regions of Serbia+ (URS)
* Serbian Progressive Party+ (SNS)

CHE:
* Christian Democratic People's Party+ (CVP)


ALB:
*Democratic Party of Albania+ (PD)

ARM:
* Republican Party of Armenia+ (HHK)
* Rule of Law+ (OEK)
* Heritage Party+

BLR:
* Belarusian Popular Front+ (BNF)
* United Civil Party of Belarus+ (AHP)

BIH:
* Party of Democratic Action+ (SDA)
* Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina+ (HDZBiH)
* Party of Democratic Progress+ (PDP)
* Croatian Democratic Union 1990+ (HDZ 1990)

FIN:
* Christian Democrats+ (KD)

GEO:
* United National Movement+ (UNM)

ITA:
* South Tyrolean People's Party+ (SVP)

MDA:
* Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova+ (PLDM)

NOR:
* Christian People's Party+ (KrF)

SMR:
* Sammarinese Christian Democratic Party+ (PDCS)

SRB:
* Alliance of Vojvodina Hungarians+ (VMSZ)


*Democratic League of Kosovo+ (LDK)

UKR:
* Batkivshchyna+
* People's Movement of Ukraine+ (Rukh)
* Ukrainian Democratic Alliance for Reform+ (UDAR)





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* EPP portal site
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European People's Party:
EU politics:


European People's Party+ The European People's Party (EPP) is a European political party that was founded by Christian Democratic parties in 1976, though it has since broadened its membership to include conservative parties and parties with other centre-right political perspectives.
European People's Party (European Parliament group)+ The Group of the European People's Party, abbreviated to EPP Group, is a centre-right political group in the European Parliament.