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Italian comune
Comune di Fabriano

Fabriano within the Province of Ancona
43 20 N
12 55 E
Ancona+ (AN)
see list+
Giancarlo Sagramola
31 August 2010
St. John the Baptist+
June 24

'''Fabriano''' is a town and ''comune+'' of Ancona province+ in the Italian+ region of the Marche+, at above sea level+. It lies in the Esino+ valley upstream and southwest of Jesi+; and east-northeast of Fossato di Vico+ and east of Gubbio+ (both in Umbria+). Its location on the main highway and rail line from Umbria to the Adriatic+ make it a mid-sized regional center in the Apennines+. Fabriano is the headquarters of the giant appliance maker Indesit+.

Fabriano, with Bologna, is the only Italian creative city+ (UNESCO). The town is in the category ''Folk Arts'' (for the Fabriano's handmade paper production).

Fabriano appears to have been founded in the early Middle Ages by the inhabitants of a small Roman town south at Attiggio (Latin ''Attidium''), of which some slight remains and inscriptions are extant. Fabriano itself was one of the earliest places in Europe to make high-quality paper+ on an industrial scale, starting in the 13th century, and the town even today has a reputation for fine watermark+ed paper. This led to Fabriano's prosperity in the Late Middle Ages+ and the Renaissance+, and was also one of the factors that led to the establishment of nearby Foligno+ in Umbria as one of the earliest printing centers in Italy in the 15th century, from 1470 onwards.

The municipality borders with Cerreto d'Esi+, Costacciaro+ (PG+), Esanatoglia+ (MC+), Fiuminata+ (MC), Fossato di Vico+ (PG), Genga+, Gualdo Tadino+ (PG), Matelica+ (MC), Nocera Umbra+ (PG), Poggio San Vicino+ (MC), Sassoferrato+, Serra San Quirico+ and Sigillo+ (PG).

The hamlets (''frazioni+'') of Fabriano are:

Albacina, Argignano, Attiggio, Bassano, Bastia, Belvedere, Borgo Tufico, Cacciano, Ca' Maiano, Campodiegoli, Campodonico, Cancelli, Cantia, Castelletta, Ceresola, Ciaramella, Coccore, Collamato, Collegiglioni, Colle Paganello, Cupo, Fontanaldo, Grotte, Marena, Marenella, Marischio, Melano, Moscano, Nebbiano, Paterno, Poggio San Romualdo, Precicchie, Rocchetta, Rucce, San Donato, San Giovanni, San Michele, San Pietro, Sant'Elia, Serradica, Valgiubbola, Vallemontagnana, Valleremita, Vallina, Varano, Viacce, Vigne.

Fabriano's wealth and commitment to the fine arts in the late medieval period have left it with many monuments.

*Fabriano Cathedral+, dedicated to San Venanzio (Saint Venantius+) (14th century, rebuilt in 1607–17). From the Baroque restoration are the stucco decoration of the interior and the canvasses by Gregorio Preti+, Salvator Rosa+, Giovanni Francesco Guerrieri+, Giuseppe Puglia+ and Orazio Gentileschi+. To the original Cathedral belong the polygonal apse, the cloister and the St Lawrence Chapel with frescoes by Allegretto di Nuzio+ (c. 1360). Also important are the frescoes with ''Stories of the True Cross'' by the Folignate+ painter Giovanni di Corraduccio+ (1415).
*San Filippo Neri+ - Church in 14th century attached to hospital, converted to oratory of the Philippines in 1628
*San Domenico
*Santi Biagio e Romualdo+
*Sant'Onofrio+ - Church rebuilt in 1727
*The Benedictine Abbey
*St Augustine
*Santa Caterina da Siena+ - Present church erected 1508
*Collegiata of St. Nicholas
*Santa Maria del Piangato
*St Benedict
*Oratory of the Gonfalone

*''Palazzo del Podestà'' (1255) built in white stone from Vallemontagnana and subsequently modified several times. It has a distinctive bridge structure, a memory of the stream which once flowed under it. The central arcade has frescoes from the 13th-14th centuries portraying warriors, and an enigmatic Wheel of Fortune+ moved by a feminine figure.
*Sturinalto Fountain (1285), designed by Jacopo di Grondolo+, who was inspired by the Fontana Maggiore in Perugia+.
*Communal Palace (c. 1350, rebuilt in 1690). It was the residence of the Chiavelli family, lords of the city until 1435. In the courtyard is a ''lapidarium'' with fragments of buildings of the ancient Roman cities of ''Attidium'' (Attiggio+), ''Tuficum'' (Borgo Tufico+) and ''Sentinum+'' (Sassoferrato+).
*Pinacoteca Civica Bruno Malajoli+ displayed in the former Hospital (Spedale di Santa Maria del Buon Gesù) - The hospital was first built in 1456. The art collection of the Pinacoteca were moved here in 1994. The collection contains works by Rainaldetto di Ranuccio+ of Spoleto, Master of San Agostino+, Master of San Emiliano+, Master of the Magi (Fra Giovanni di Bartolomeo+), Maestro dei Beati Becchetti+, Puccio di Simone+, Allegretto Nuzi+, Francescuccio di Cecco Ghissi+, Master of Fossato+, Master of San Verecondo+, Ottaviano Nelli+, Master of Staffolo+, Antonio da Fabriano+, Bicci di Lorenzo+, Neri di Bicci+; Bernardino di Mariotto+, Filippo da Verona+, Venanzio da Camerino+ and Piergentile da Matelica+, Simone de Magistris+, Domiziano Domiziani+, Girolamo+ or Giacomo Nardini+, Andrea Boscoli+, Orazio Gentileschi+, Ambrogio Monaco+, Francesco Podesti+, and Gentile da Fabriano+.
*Loggiato of St. Francis (c. 1450)
*Vasari Portico (1316)
*Paper and Watermark Museum Fabriano+
*Villa Marchese del Grillo+

* Gentile da Fabriano+, 15th-century painter, whose most famous work, an oil painting of the Epiphany, is in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence.
* Saint John dal Bastone+ 12th-century Silvestrine+ monk, born in Paterno.
* Jessica Rizzo+ (born 1964), an actress and businesswoman.

*''(Incorporates text from Bill Thayer's Gazetteer of Italy, by permission.)''


province of Ancona:

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