Hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene +Search for Videos

''Hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene (HTPB)''' is an oligomer+ of butadiene+ terminated at each end with a hydroxyl+ functional group+. It reacts with diisocyanate+ to form polyurethanes+.

HTPB is a translucent liquid with a color similar to wax paper and a viscosity similar to corn syrup. The properties cannot be precisely stated because HTPB is a mixture+ rather than a pure compound+, and it is manufactured to meet customers' specific requirements. An oligomeric unit typically consists of 5–10 butadiene molecules linked together, with each end of the chain terminated with a hydroxyl [OH] group. HTPB is usually cured by an addition reaction+ with a polyisocyanate+ compound.


A solid form is used in model rocketry as a high power fuel known commonly as RBS. It has also found its way into the pyrotechnics industry in mortar tubes for aerial-shell fireworks.

HTPB is used in many solid rocket+ motors to bind the fuel and oxidizing agent+ into a solid mass. For example, it is used in all 3/4 stages of the Japanese M-5 rocket+ satellite launchers and PSLV+ rocket developed by ISRO+ for satellite launches. JAXA+ describe the fuel as "HTPB/AP/Al=12/68/20" which means, proportioned by mass, HTPB 12% (binder and fuel), ammonium perchlorate+ 68% (oxidizer), and aluminium+ powder 20% (fuel).

HTPB is also used as a hybrid rocket+ fuel. With N2O (nitrous oxide+, or "laughing gas") as the oxidizer, it is used to power the SpaceShipTwo+ hybrid rocket motor developed by SpaceDev+.

reflist:

*, from Cray Valley, a manufacturer of HTPB
* description of synthesis and other details.

Category:Polyols+
Category:Organic polymers+
Category:Rocket fuels+


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 Hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene+ Hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene (HTPB) is an oligomer of butadiene terminated at each end with a hydroxyl functional group.