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Al-Istakhri
957 CE
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'''Abu Ishaq Ibrahim ibn Muhammad al-Farisi al Istakhri''' (aka '''Estakhri''', , i.e. from the Iranian city of Estakhr+, b. - d. 957 AD [346AH]) was a Persian+ medieval geographer in medieval Islam+ and traveler of the 10th century.

Estakhri created the earliest known account of windmill+s. His Arabic language works included ''masalik al-mamalik'' (مسالك الممالك, "Traditions of Countries") and ''Suwar al-Aqaaleem'' ( صور الاقاليم, "Shapes of the Climes").

He was a traveller whose geographical work has been translated into German by Mordtmann+. When Istakhari was in the Indus Valley+ he met another celebrated traveller, Ibn Haukul+.
*List of Iranian scientists+

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Reflist:
Islamic geography:

Authority control:
Category:Geographers of medieval Islam+
Category:Medieval Persian geographers+
Category:Medieval Persian people+
Category:People associated with wind power+
Category:Balkhi school+
Category:10th-century geographers+
Category:957 deaths+
Category:Year of birth unknown+
Category:10th-century Iranian people+


Estakhri+ Abu Ishaq Ibrahim ibn Muhammad al-Farisi al Istakhri (aka Estakhri, Persian: استخری‎‎, i.e. from the Iranian city of Estakhr, b.
Mian Qaleh, Fars+ Mian Qaleh (Persian: ميان قلعه‎‎, also Romanized as Mīān Qal‘eh and Mīyān Qal‘eh; also known as Estakhrī, Kūh-e Qal‘eh, Kūh-i-Qal‘eh, and Kūh Qal‘eh) is a village in Rudbal Rural District, in the Central District of Marvdasht County, Fars Province, Iran.
 Estarkhi+ Estarkhi (Persian: اسطرخي‎‎), also rendered as Estakhri, may refer to:
 Estakhr Sar, Gilan+ Estakhr Sar (Persian: استخرسر‎‎) is a village in Kojid Rural District, Rankuh District, Amlash County, Gilan Province, Iran.
Estakhr-e Garuk+ Estakhr-e Garuk (Persian: استخرگروك‎‎, also Romanized as Estakhr-e Garūk; also known as Estakhr-e Gorank, Estakhr-e Karnak, Estakhr-e Karūk, and Estakhr Korūk) is a village in Sarduiyeh Rural District, Sarduiyeh District, Jiroft County, Kerman Province, Iran.
Estar Khu+ Estar Khu (Persian: استرخو‎‎, also Romanized as Estar Khū; also known as Estakhr Khū) is a village in Kalat-e Hay-ye Sharqi Rural District, in the Central District of Meyami County, Semnan Province, Iran.
Estakhrha+ Estakhrha (Persian: استخرها‎‎, also Romanized as Estakhrhā; also known as Estakhrū’īyeh) is a village in Khabar Rural District, in the Central District of Baft County, Kerman Province, Iran.
Estakhr-e Mian Sahra+ Estakhr-e Mian Sahra (Persian: استخرميان صحرا‎‎, also Romanized as Estakhr-e Mīān Şaḩrā) is a village in Galehzan Rural District, in the Central District of Khomeyn County, Markazi Province, Iran.
 Estakhr-e Pahn+ Estakhr-e Pahn (Persian: استخرپهن‎‎) is a village in Cheshmeh Sar Rural District, in the Central District of Khvansar County, Isfahan Province, Iran.
Estahuiyeh+ Estahuiyeh (Persian: اسطاهوييه‎‎, also Romanized as Estāhū’īyeh; also known as Estakhr, Estākhū’īyeh, Istahu, and Ostāhū’īyeh) is a village in Raviz Rural District, Koshkuiyeh District, Rafsanjan County, Kerman Province, Iran.