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[File:Batteries comparison 4,5 D C AA AAA AAAA A23 9V CR2032 LR44 matchstick-1.jpeg|thumb|350px|right|4.5-volt, D, C, AA, AAA, AAAA, A23, 9-volt, CR2032 and LR44 batteries

This article lists the sizes, shapes, and general characteristics of some common primary and secondary battery types+ in household and light industrial use. A battery may consist of a single cell, or two or more cells in a single package (for example, the 1604 9-volt battery which has six cells).

The long history of disposable dry cells means that many different manufacturer-specific and national standards were used to designate sizes, long before international standards were agreed upon. Technical standards for battery sizes and types are published by standards organization+s such as International Electrotechnical Commission+ (IEC) and American National Standards Institute+ (ANSI). Many popular sizes are still referred to by old standard or manufacturer designations, and some non-systematic designations have been included in current international standards due to wide use.

The complete nomenclature for the battery will fully specify the size, chemistry, terminal arrangements and special characteristics of a battery. The same physically interchangeable cell size or battery size may have widely different characteristics; physical interchangeability is not the sole factor in substitution of batteries.




The current IEC+ standards for portable primary (non-rechargeable) batteries bear the 60086 number. The relevant US standards are the ANSI+ C18 series, which are developed by a committee of the US National Electrical Manufacturers Association+ (NEMA).

Both standards have several parts covering general principles, physical specifications and safety. Designations by IEC and ANSI standards do not entirely agree, although harmonization is in progress. Manufacturers further have their own systematic identification of cell types, so cross-reference tables are useful to identify equivalent types from different manufacturers.
David Linden, Thomas B. Reddy (ed). ''Handbook of Batteries'', 3rd edition, McGraw-Hill, New York, 2002 ISBN 0-07-135978-8 chapter 4


Manufacturers may assign proprietary names and numbers to their batteries, disregarding common, colloquial, IEC, and ANSI naming conventions (see LR44 battery+ as an example). Often this is done to steer customers towards a specific brand, and away from competing or generic brands, by obfuscating the common name. For example, if a remote control+ needs a new battery and the battery compartment has the label, "Replace with CX472 type battery," many customers will buy that specific brand, not realizing that this is simply a brand name for a common type of battery. For example, British standard "U" series batteries were often sold under manufacturer prefixes such as "C", "SP", "HP", etc.; Ever Ready+ sold "U2" (D) batteries as "SP2" (standard-duty zinc carbon+) and "HP2" (heavy duty zinc chloride).

On the other hand, with obscure battery types the designation assigned by a specific brand will sometimes become the most common name for that battery type, as other manufacturers copy or modify the name so that customers recognize it.


The terminal voltage of a battery cell depends on the chemicals and materials used in its construction, and not on its physical size. For example, primary (non-rechargeable) alkaline batteries+ have a nominal voltage of 1.5 volt+s. Rechargeable NiCd+ (nickel cadmium) and NiMH+ (nickel metal hydride) typically output 1.25 volts per cell. Devices intended for use with primary batteries may not operate properly with these cells, given the reduction in voltage. Mercury batteries+, no longer common, had stable cell terminal voltages around 1.35 volts.

Dry Leclanche (carbon-zinc+), alkaline and lithium batteries+ are the most common modern types. From the late 1940s until the mid-1990s, mercury batteries were made in many consumer and industrial sizes, but are no longer available since careless disposal can release toxic mercury+ into the environment.

The full battery designation identifies not only the size, shape and terminal layout of the battery but also the chemistry (and therefore the voltage per cell) and the number of cells in the battery. For example, a CR123 battery is always LiMnO2 ('lithium') chemistry, in addition to its unique size.

The following tables give the common battery chemistries for the current common sizes of batteries. See Battery Chemistries+ for a list of other electrochemical systems.


Cylindrical cells typically have a positive terminal nub at one end, and a flat negative terminal at the other. A cell with a nub on the positive terminal is called a '''button-top''', and a cell without a positive nub is called a '''flat-top'''. Two different cells of the same nominal size, e.g. two 18650 cells, may have different diameter buttons if made by different manufacturers, and this can lead to incompatibility with devices. Flat-top cells cannot be used in series without modification or soldering into position, because the flat positive terminal of one cell cannot contact with the next cell's negative terminal. Rarely however, a manufacturer may include tiny bumps on the ''negative'' terminal to allow flat-tops to be used in series.

It is important to check the battery contacts in a device before attempting to install cells, because some will not work with flat-tops or with button-tops whose buttons are the wrong diameter. Some devices have a small bump or spring where the positive terminal of the cell connects, and this allows the use of either button- or flat-top cells. Other devices have a flat area that can only be contacted by a button-top. In order to prevent damage if a cell is inserted in reverse, some devices have a raised plastic ring around the positive contact. This stops the flat negative end of a cell from making connection accidentally, and also stops the positive end of a flat-top or of a button-top with too large a button from connecting.





These are all single-cell round batteries with height greater than their diameter. In zinc-carbon or alkaline types they produce around 1.5 volts per cell when fresh. Other types produce other voltages per cell (as low as 1.2 volts for rechargeable nickel-cadmium, up to around 3 volts for lithium/manganese dioxide). The cylindrical form has a positive nub terminal at the cap of the cell, and the negative terminal at the bottom of the can; the side of the can is not used as a terminal.


! Most common
name /
image
! Other
common
names
! IEC
name
! ANSI/NEDA
name
! Typical capacity+
(mAh+)
! Dimensions mm (inches)
dia. × h.
! Comments

| |U16 or HP16 (In Britain until the 1980s)
Micro
Microlight
MN2400
MX2400
MV2400
Type 286 (Soviet Union/Russia)
UM 4 (JIS+)
#7 (China)
6135-99-117-3143 (NSN)
| LR03 (alkaline)
R03 (carbon–zinc)
FR03 (Li–FeS2)
HR03 (NiMH)
KR03 (NiCd)
ZR03 (NiOOH)
| 24A (alkaline)
24D (carbon–zinc)
24LF (Li–FeS2)
| 1200 (alkaline)
540 (carbon–zinc)
800–1000 (NiMH)
|

| Introduced 1911, but added to ANSI standard in 1959

| |D14 or HP7 (In Britain until the 1980s)
Pencil-sized
Penlight
Mignon
MN1500
MX1500
MV1500
Type 316 (Soviet Union/Russia)
UM 3 (JIS)
#5 (China)
6135-99-052-0009 (NSN)(carbon-zinc)
6135-99-195-6708 (NSN)(alkaline)
| LR6 (alkaline)
R6 (carbon–zinc)
FR6 (Li–FeS2)
HR6 (NiMH)
KR6 (NiCd)
ZR6 (NiOOH)
| 15A (alkaline)
15D (carbon–zinc)
15LF (Li–FeS2)
1.2H2 (NiMH)
1.2K2 (NiCd)
| 2700 (alkaline)
1100 (carbon–zinc)
3000 (Li–FeS2)
1700–2900 (NiMH)
600–1000 (NiCd)
|

|Introduced 1907, but added to ANSI standard sizes in 1947

| |U11 or HP11 (In Britain until the 1980s)
MN1400
MX1400
Baby
Type 343 (Soviet Union/Russia)
BA-42 (US Military Spec WWII–1980s)
UM 2 (JIS)
#2 (China)
6135-99-199-4779 (NSN)(carbon-zinc)
6135-99-117-3212 (NSN)(alkaline)

| LR14 (alkaline)
R14 (carbon–zinc)
HR14 (NiMH)
KR14 (NiCd)
ZR14 (NiOOH)
| 14A (alkaline)
14D (carbon–zinc)
| 8000 (alkaline)
3800 (carbon–zinc)
4500–6000 (NiMH)
|

| Can be replaced with AA cell using plastic "sabot+" (size adaptor), with proportional loss of capacity.

| |U2 or HP2 (In Britain until the 1980s)
Flashlight Battery
MN1300
MX1300
Mono
Goliath

Type 373 (Soviet Union/Russia)
BA-30 (US Military Spec WWII–1980s)
UM 1 (JIS)
#1 (China)
6135-99-464-1938 (NSN)(carbon-zinc)
6135-99-109-9428 (NSN)(alkaline)

| LR20 (alkaline)
R20 (carbon–zinc)
HR20 (NiMH)
KR20 (Ni-Cd)
ZR20 (NiOOH)
| 13A (alkaline)
13D (carbon–zinc)
| 12000 (alkaline)
8000 (carbon–zinc)
2200–12000 (NiMH)
|

| Introduced 1898 as the first flashlight battery.

|



! Most common
name / image
! Other common
names
! IEC name
! ANSI/NEDA
name
! Typical capacity
(mAh)
! Nominal
voltage (V)
! Terminal layout
! Dimensions
(mm)
! Comments



| Pocketable Battery
1203
4.5 V
Type 3336 (Soviet
 Union/Russian Federation)
6135-99-738-4038 (NSN)

| 3LR12 (alkaline)
3R12 (carbon‑zinc)
| MN1203 (manganese)
| 6100 (alkaline)
1200 (carbon‑zinc)
| ''Alkaline carbon‑zinc
(3 cells):'' 4.5
| Two 6–7 mm wide metal strips
''(+) :'' Shorter strip
''(−) :'' Longer strip
| H: 67
L: 62
W: 22
| This battery is most common in Europe and Russian Federation. In Switzerland , 4.5-volt lantern batteries accounted for 1% of primary battery sales.



| PP3
Radio battery
Smoke Alarm (UK/US)
MN1604
Square battery
Krona (Soviet
 Union/Russian Federation)
Transistor
6135-99-634-8080 (NSN)

| 6LR61 (alkaline)
6F22 (carbon‑zinc)
6KR61 (NiCd)
6HR61 (NiMH)
| 1604A (alkaline)
1604D (carbon‑zinc)
1604LC (lithium)
7.2H5 (NiMH)
11604 (NiCd)
1604M (mercury,
 obsolete)
| 565 (alkaline)
400 (carbon‑zinc)
1,200 (lithium)
175–300 (NiMH)
120 (NiCd)
500 (lithium polymer
rechargeable)
580 (mercury,
 obsolete)
| ''Alkaline carbon‑zinc
(6 cells):'' 9
''Lithium
(3 cells):'' 9
''NiMH / NiCd
(6, 7 or 8 cells):''
7.2, 8.4 or 9.6

| Both on same end
''(+) :'' male clasp
''(−) :'' female clasp
| H: 48.5
L: 26.5
W: 17.5
| Added to ANSI standard in 1959
Often contains 6 LR61 cells which are similar to and often interchangeable with AAAA+ cells.



| Lantern
6 volt
Spring Top
MN908 (UK)
996 or PJ996
Energizer 529
6135-99-910-1145 (NSN)

| 4LR25Y (alkaline)
4R25 (carbon‑zinc)
| 908A (alkaline)
908D (carbon‑zinc)
| 26,000 (alkaline)
10,500 (carbon‑zinc)
| ''Alkaline carbon‑zinc
(4 cells):'' 6
| Springs Top
''(+) :'' corner spring
''(−) :'' center spring
| H: 115
L: 68.2
W: 68.2
| Spring terminals
|

These types are not as likely to be found in consumer applications and may be specialized for photographic, instrumentation or other purposes. Some cell sizes are used only as elements of multi-cell batteries.


These are all single-cell round batteries with a height greater than their diameter. In carbon-zinc or alkaline types they produce around 1.5 volts per cell when fresh. Other types produce other voltages per cell (as low as 1.2 volts for rechargeable nickel-cadmium, up to around 3 volts for lithium/manganese dioxide). The cylindrical form has a positive nub terminal at the cap of the cell, and the negative terminal at the bottom of the can; the side of the can is not used as a terminal when these cells are sold as individual units for consumer use.


! Image
! Most
common
name
! Other
common
names
! IEC
name
! ANSI/NEDA
name
! Typical capacity
(mAh)
! Dimensions
dia. × h. (mm)
! Comments

| ½AA
| SAFT LS14250
Tadiran TL5101
UL142502P
| CR14250 (Li‑MnO2) 3 V
ER14250 (Li‑SOCl2) 3.6 V
|
| 850–1200
| 14.5 × 24
| Same diameter as AA battery, used in small electronics, including pulse oximeter+s, as well as use in some computer models (such as most pre-Intel Macintosh+ models and some older IBM PC compatible+s) as the CMOS battery+. Also used in US military MILES+ gear and DAGR+.

| '''AAAA+'''
| MX2500
Mini
UM 6 (JIS)
| LR8D425 (alkaline)

| 25A (alkaline)
| 625 (alkaline)
| 8.3 × 42.5
| Sometimes used in 'pen flashlights', calculators, fishing lures, or electronic glucose meter+s.

| '''A'''
|
| R23 (carbon‑zinc)
LR23 (alkaline)
|
|
| 17 × 50
| More common as a NiCd or NiMH cell size than a primary size, popular in older laptop batteries and hobby battery packs.
Various fractional sizes are also available e.g. 2/3A and 4/5 A.

| '''B'''
| U10 (UK, pre‑1980s)
336 (Russian Federation)
| R12 (carbon‑zinc)
LR12 (alkaline)
|
| 8350 (alkaline)
| 21.5 × 60
| Most commonly found within a European 4.5 volt lantern battery.
Historically available in UK as a 2 cell battery type 'No 8' for bijou size torches.
Not to be confused with the vacuum tube B battery+.

| '''F'''
|
| R25 (carbon‑zinc)
LR25 (alkaline)
| 60
| 10500 (carbon‑zinc)
26000 (alkaline)
| 33 × 91
| Four "F" Cells are often found within 6 volt rectangular lantern batteries.

| '''N+'''
| Lady
MN9100
UM-5 (JIS)
E90
6135-99-661-4958 (NSN)

| LR1 (alkaline)
R1 (carbon‑zinc)
HR1 (NiMH)
KR1 (NiCd)
| 910A (alkaline)
910D (carbon‑zinc)
| 800–1000 (alkaline)
400 (carbon‑zinc)
350–500 (NiMH)
| 12 × 30.2
| Rechargeable nickel–cadmium+ and nickel–metal hydride+ are far less common than other rechargeable sizes.
Mercury batteries+ of the same dimensions are no longer manufactured.


| '''No. 6'''
| Ignition Cell,
6135-99-114-3446 (NSN)
FLAG (in UK)

| R40
| 905
| 35000–40000
 (carbon‑zinc)
| 67 × 172
| Typical modern uses include school science experiments, and starting glow plug+ model engine+s. Formerly used for alarms, bell ringing, ignition systems, telephones, and (in pairs) in WWII US Navy battle lanterns.
Modern cells are more likely to be Alkaline type made from 'D' cells.
Terminals are screw posts with a maximum diameter of 4.2 mm.
+ centre, - edge.

| Sub-C
| Type 323 (Soviet
 Union/Russian Federation)
| KR22C429 (NiCd)
HR22C429 (NiMH)
|
| 1200–2400 (NiCd)
1800–5000 (NiMH)
| 22.2 × 42.9
| A common size for cordless tool battery packs. This size is also used in radio-controlled scale vehicle battery packs.
1/2-, 4/5- and 5/4-sub-C sizes (differing in length) are also available.
|



! Image
! Most
common
name
! Other
common
names
! IEC
name
! ANSI/NEDA
name
! Typical capacity
(mAh)
! Nominal voltage (V)
! Dimensions
dia. × h. (mm)
! Comments

| A23+
| V23GA
23A
23AE
MN21
L1028
8LR23
LRV08
| 8LR932 (alkaline)
| 1811A (alkaline)
| 55 (alkaline)
| 12
| 10.3 × 28.5
|Used in small RF+ devices such as key fob+-style garage door opener+s and keyless entry system+s where only infrequent pulse current is used.
Often enclosed like a normal battery but sometimes simply a stack of eight LR932 button cells shrink wrapped together.

| A27
| GP27A
MN27
L828
27A
| 8LR732 (alkaline)
|
| 22 (alkaline)
| 12
| 8 × 28
| Used in small RF+ devices such as car alarm remote controls. Can also be found in some cigarette lighters.

|
| BA5800
| BA5800/U (Li‑SOCl2)
BA5800A/U (Li‑SO2)

|
|
| 7500 (Li‑SO2)
| 5.3 (Li‑SO2)
| 35.5 × 128.5
| Has both terminals at the same end and is roughly the size of two stacked D cells. Used in military hand-held devices such as the PLGR+.

| Duplex
| Ever Ready No. 8
| 2R10
|
|
| 3
| 21.8 × 74.6
| Internally contains two 1.5 V cells hence the nickname 'Duplex'
In Switzerland , 2R10 batteries accounted for 0.003% of primary battery sales.

| 4SR44
| PX28A
A544
K28A
V34PX
| 4LR44 (alkaline)
|
| 110–150 (alkaline)
170‑200 (silver‑oxide)
| 6.2 (alkaline)
6.5 (silver‑oxide)
| 13 × 25.2
| Used in film cameras, blood glucose meters, medical instruments, dog training devices. Often simply a stack of four SR44 (LR44) button cells shrink wrapped together


| 523
| PX21
| 3LR50
| 1306A
| 580 (alkaline)
| 4.5
| 17.1 × 49.9
| Used in cameras and Apple Macintosh computers (such as the 128K through 512K and similar).

| 531
| PX19
| 3LR50
| 1307AP
| 580 (alkaline)
| 4.5
| 17.1 × 58.3
| A 523 with snap connectors attached to either end. Used in some older cameras, notably the Polaroid+ Automatic Land Camera+ packfilm models.
|



! Image
! Most
common
name
! Other
common
names
! IEC
name
! ANSI/NEDA
name
! Typical capacity
(mAh)
! Nominal voltage (V)
! Terminal layout
! Dimensions (mm)
! Comments



| GB Battery+
| C Battery
|
|
|
| 1.5 to 9 V
| Threaded posts
| H:
L:
W:
| originally used in vintage vacuum tube+ equipment for grid bias.
Still popular for school science class use as a variable voltage supply as the current version has several taps at 1.5 volt intervals.



| 15-volt
| Eveready 504
| 10F15 (Zn/MnO2)
| 220
| 65
| 15 V (10 cells)
| Flat round (one each end)
| H: 34.9
L: 15.1
W: 15.9
| Used in older instruments and old Battery-capacitor flashes+.



| 22½-volt
| Eveready 412
| 15F20 (Zn/MnO2)
| 215
| 140
| 22.5 V (15 cells)
| Flat round (one each end)
| H: 50
L: 25
W: 15
| Used in older instruments and old Battery-capacitor flashes+.



| 30-volt
| Eveready 413
| 20F20 (Zn/MnO2)
| 210
| 140
| 30 V (20 cells)
| Flat round (one each end)
| H: 64
L: 25
W: 15
| Used in older instruments



| 45-volt
| Eveready 415
| 30F20 (Zn/MnO2)
| 213
| 140
| 45 V (30 cells)
| Both on same end
| H: 91
L: 26
W: 15
| Used in older instruments



| 67½-volt
| Eveready 416
|
| 217
| 140
| 67.5 V (45 cells)
| Both on same end
| H: 88
L: 33
W: 25
| Used in older instruments



| J
| 7K67 
| 4LR61 (alkaline)
| 1412A (alkaline)
| 625 (alkaline)
| 6
| 6.5 mm² flat contacts,
− Top side,
+ Chamfered corner
| H 48.5
L 35.6
W 9.18
| Typically used in applications where the device in question needs to be flat, or where one should not be able to insert the battery in reverse polarity, such as a blood glucose meter or blood pressure cuff. Also good for elderly persons, due to its large size.
Often contains 4 LR61 cells which are similar to and often interchangeable with AAAA+ cells.



| Lantern (Screw)
| Lantern
6 volt
Screw Top
6135-99-645-6443 (NSN)

| 4R25X (carbon‑zinc)
4LR25X (alkaline)
| 915 (carbon‑zinc)
915A (alkaline)
| 10,500 (carbon‑zinc)
26,000 (alkaline)
| 6
| Screw posts on top of battery.
+ Corner,
− Center.
Maximum diameter of the posts is 3.5 mm.
| H 109.5
L 66.7
W 66.7
| Used in locations susceptible to high vibration/shock where connectors may be knocked off the terminals.



| Lantern (Big)
| 918
R25-2
Big Lantern
Double Lantern
MN918
Energizer 521
| 4R25-2 (carbon‑zinc)
4LR25-2 (alkaline)
| 918A
| 22,000 (carbon‑zinc)
52,000 (alkaline)
| 6
| Screw posts on top of battery.
Marked only, no physical keying for polarity.
Maximum diameter of the posts is 4.2 mm.
| H 125.4
L 132.5
W 73
| Used in locations susceptible to high vibration/shock where connectors may be knocked off the terminals.


|
| Lantern (Spring)
| ''See Lantern (Spring), above+''


|

The PP (''Power Pack'') series was manufactured by Ever Ready+ in the UK (Eveready+ in the US). The series comprised multi-cell carbon-zinc batteries used for portable electronic devices. Most sizes are uncommon today, however the PP3 size (and to a lesser extent PP9, which is used in marine applications) is readily available.
All types were rectangular, except the cylindrical PP4, and most had snap terminals as seen on the common PP3 type.


! Image
! PP series
! Other
common
names
! Typical capacity
(mAh)
! Nominal voltage (V)
! Dimensions (mm)
! Comments

| PP1
|
|
| 6
| H 55.6
L 65.5
W 55.6
| This battery had 2 snap connectors spaced 35.0 mm apart.

|
| PP3
| ''See 9-volt, above+''

| PP4
| 226
NEDA 1600
IEC 6F24
|
| 9
| H 50.0
Diameter: 25.5

|

| PP6
| 246
NEDA 1602
6135-99-628-2361 (NSN)
IEC 6F50-2
| 850
| 9
| H 70.0
L 36.0
W 34.5
| Centre distance between terminals is max 12.95 mm with both offset 7 mm nominal from the wider battery edge.
Mass is 120 g.

| PP7
| 266
NEDA 1605
6135-99-914-1778 (NSN)
IEC 6F90

| 2500
| 9
| H 63
L 46
W 46
| Centre distance between terminals is max 19.2 mm.
Mass is 200 g.

| PP8
| SG8
"Fencer"
|
| 6
| H 200.8
L 65.1
W 51.6
| This battery typically had 2 snap connectors, however 4 connector versions are available.
They were spaced 35.0 mm apart.
This type of battery is sometimes used in electric fencing+ applications.

| PP9
| 276
NEDA 1603
6135-99-945-6814 (NSN)

IEC 6F100
| 5000
| 9
| H 81.0
L 66.0
W 52.0
| This battery had 2 snap connectors spaced 35.0 mm apart.

| PP10
|
|
| 9
| H 226.0
L 66.0
W 66.0
| This battery had 2 pin connectors.
They were a single ⌀3.2 mm negative pin and a single ⌀4.0 mm positive pin spaced 13.0 mm apart.

| PP11
|
|
| 4.5 + 4.5
| H 91.3
L 65.1
W 52.4
| This battery had 4 pin connectors. 9 V was available by wiring in series.
There were two ⌀3.2 mm negative pins spaced 9.5 mm apart and two ⌀4.0 mm positive pins spaced 14.3 mm apart.
Negative and positive pins were spaced 18.1 mm apart.
|


Digital and film cameras often use specialized primary batteries to produce a compact product. Flashlights and portable electronic devices may also use these types.


! Image
! Most
common
name
! Other
Common
names
! IEC
name
! ANSI/NEDA
name
! Typical capacity
(mAh)
! Nominal voltage (V)
! Shape
! Terminal layout
! Dimensions
! Comments

| CR123A
| Camera Battery
2/3A
123
CR123
17345
16340
CR-123A
6135-99-851-1379 (NSN)
| CR17345 (lithium)
| 5018LC (lithium)
| 1500 (lithium)
700 (Li–ion rechargeable)
| 3 (lithium)
3.6 (Li-ion)
| Cylinder
| + Nub cylinder end,
− Flat opposite end
| H 34.5 mm
Ø 17 mm
| A lithium primary battery, not interchangeable with zinc types.
A rechargeable lithium-polymer version is available in the same size and is interchangeable in some uses.
According to consumer packaging, replaces (BR)2/3A.
In Switzerland , these batteries accounted for 16% of lithium camera battery sales. Used in compact higher priced flashlights.

| CR2
| 15270 (Li-Ion Rechargeable, 800mA)
15266 (Li-Ion, 600mA)
6135-99-606-3982 (NSN)

| CR17355
| 5046LC
| 750 (lithium)
600/800mA (Li-Ion types)
| 3 (lithium)
3.6 (Li-ion)
| Cylinder
| + Nub cylinder end,
− Flat opposite end
| H 27 mm
Ø 15.6 mm
| Standard Discharge Current: 10 mA
A common battery type in cameras and photographic equipment.
In Switzerland , these batteries accounted for 6% of lithium camera battery sales.

| 2CR5
| EL2CR5
DL245
RL2CR5
6135-99-577-2940 (NSN)

| 2CR5
| 5032LC
| 1500
| 6
| Double cylinder.
Keyed.
| Both on one end.
Terminal centre spacing 16 mm.
| H 45 mm
L 34 mm
W 17 mm
| Commonly used in film and digital cameras. Shaped so that it can be inserted into a battery compartment only one way.
In Switzerland , these batteries accounted for 1% of lithium camera battery sales.

| CR-P2
| BR-P2
223A
CR17-33
5024LC
| CR-P2
| 5024LC
| 1500
| 6
| Double cylinder. Keyed.
| Both on one end.
Terminal diameter: 8.7 mm.
Terminal centre spacing: 16.8 mm.
| H 36 mm
L 35 mm
W 19.5 mm
| Shaped so that it can be inserted into a battery compartment only one way.
Typical mass 37 g.
They contain two 3 V batteries exchangeable with CR123 batteries.

| CR-V3+
| CRV3
RCR-V3 (Li-ion)
|
| 5047LC
5047LF (primary)
| 3000 (lithium)
1300 (Li-ion)
| 3 (lithium)
3.6 (Li-ion)
| Double cylinder flat pack.
Keyed.
| Both on one end
| H 52.20 mm
L 28.05 mm
W 14.15 mm
| The same size as two R6 (AA) cells side by side. A rechargeable type is also made in this size.
May be used in some devices not explicitly designed for CR-V3, especially digital cameras.
|






Coin-shaped cells are thin compared to their diameter. Polarity is usually stamped on the metal casing.

The IEC prefix "CR" denotes lithium manganese dioxide chemistry. Since LiMnO2 cells produce 3 volts there are no widely available alternative chemistries for a lithium coin battery. The "BR" prefix indicates a round lithium/carbon monofluoride cell. See lithium battery+ for discussion of the different performance characteristics. One LiMnO2 cell can replace two alkaline or silver-oxide cells.

IEC designation numbers indicate the physical dimensions of the cylindrical cell. Cells less than one centimeter in height are assigned four-digit numbers, where the first two digits are the diameter in millimeters, while the last two digits are the height in tenths of millimeters. Taller cells are assigned five-digit numbers, where the first two digits are the diameter in millimeters, followed by the last three digits indicating the height in tenths of millimeters.

All these lithium cells are rated nominally 3 volts (on-load), with open circuit voltage about 3.6 volts. Manufacturers may have their own part numbers for IEC standard size cells. The capacity listed is for a constant resistance discharge down to 2.0 volts per cell.

clear:


! IEC 60086
designation
! ANSI C18
/NEDA designation
! Typical capacity
(mAh)
! Standard discharge current
(mA)
! Dimensions
d. × h.
(mm)
! Comments

| CR927
|
| 30 
|
| 9.5 × 2.7
| Used extensively in blinkies+.

| CR1025
| 5033LC
| 30 
| 0.1
| 10 × 2.5
|

| CR1216
| 5034LC
| 25 
| 0.1
| 12.5 × 1.6
| Used in some lighted watches such as Timex Indiglo and some LED decorator lights (electronic tea candles).

| CR1220
| 5012LC
| 35–40
| 0.1 (CR)
0.03 (BR)
| 12.5 × 2.0
|

| CR1225
| 5020LC
| 50 
| 0.2
| 12.5 × 2.5
| Maximum discharge current: 1 mA. Maximum pulse discharge current: 5 mA.

| CR1616
|
| 50–55
| 0.1
| 16 × 1.6
|

| CR1620
| 5009LC
| 75–78
| 0.1
| 16 × 2.0
|

| CR1632
|
| 140 
120 (BR)
| 0.1 (CR)
0.03 (BR)
| 16 × 3.2
|

| CR2012
|
| 55 
| 0.1
| 20 × 1.2
|

| CR2016
| 5000LC
| 90 
| 0.1 (CR)
0.03 (BR)
| 20 × 1.6
| Often used in pairs instead of CR2032 for devices that require more than 3 V, like blue/white LED+ flashlights.

| CR2020
|
|
|
| 20 × 2
|

| CR2025
| 5003LC
| 160–165
| 0.2
| 20 × 2.5
|

| CR2032+
| 5004LC
| 225 (CR)
190 (BR)
| 0.2 (CR)
0.03 (BR)
| 20 × 3.2
| Maximum discharge current: 3 mA. Maximum pulse discharge current: 15 mA.

| CR2320
|
| 110–175 
|
| 23 × 2
| 3 V

| CR2325
|
| 165–210
|
| 23 × 2.5
| The most common battery size in Soviet/Russian electronic watches, calculators and remote controls.

| CR2330
|
| 265 
255 (BR)
| 0.2 (CR)
0.03 (BR)
| 23 × 3.0
|

| CR2354
|
| 560 
| 0.2
| 23 × 5.4
|

| CR2412
|
| 100 
| 0.2
| 24.5 × 1.2
|

|CR2430
|5011LC
|270–290
|
| 24.5 × 3.0
|

| CR2450
| 5029LC
| 610–620 
|
| 24.5 × 5.0
| Portable devices requiring high current (3.0 mA) and long shelf life (up to 10 years)

| CR2477
|
| 1000 
| 0.2
| 24.5 × 7.7
|

| CR3032
|
| 500–560
500 (BR)
| 0.1 (CR)
0.03 (BR)
| 30.0 × 3.2
|

| CR11108
|
| 160
|
| 11.6 × 10.8
| Also called CR1/3N because it is one third the height of an alkaline N cell, and a stack of three of them will form a battery with the same dimensions as an N cell, but with 9 V terminal voltage. Such 9 V batteries in a single package do exist but are rare and only usually found in specialist applications; they can be referred to as 3CR1/3N. However 2CR1/3N, a 6 V battery consisting internally of a stack of two CR1/3N is sold by Duracell, Energizer and others.

A CR1/3N was also used by photographers instead of 2 LR44 batteries, in cameras such as the Nikon EM or FE2.

|




''SR/LR/SG/AG Button Cells:'' IEC SR series batteries use silver oxide chemistry+ and provide 1.55 volts, while IEC LR series batteries use alkaline chemistry and provide 1.5 volts. Similarly, SG prefix batteries are the silver oxide chemistry version of the alkaline AG prefix. Since there are no 'common' names beyond the AG designation, many vendors use these four designations interchangeably for the same sized cell, and they will all fit and work (with caveats as provided immediately following).

The functional difference is that silver oxide chemistry typically has 50% greater capacity than alkaline chemistry, and usually a flat discharge characteristic (constant voltage), while the voltage of an alkaline battery steadily decreases with use. The capacity of a silver battery may be as much as twice that of an alkaline. For devices which require a steady voltage such as photographic light meter+s and those which fail to operate below a certain voltage—some digital caliper+s do not work below 1.38 V— a silver cell with flat discharge characteristic is preferable.

Alkaline batteries are usually cheaper than silver oxide equivalents. Inexpensive devices are sometimes supplied fitted with alkaline batteries, although they would benefit from the use of silver oxide batteries. Exhausted silver oxide cells are often recycled+ to recover their precious metal content, whereas depleted alkaline cells are discarded with household trash or recycled, depending on the local practices.

Round button cells have heights less than their diameter. The metal can is the positive terminal, and the cap is the negative terminal.

Button cells are commonly used in electric watch+es, clocks, and timers. IEC batteries that meet the international IEC 60086-3 standard for watch batteries carry a "W" suffix. Other uses include calculators, laser pointers, toys, LED "blinkies"+, and novelties.

IEC designation numbers indicate the physical dimensions of the cylindrical cell. Cells less than one centimeter in height are assigned 4-digit numbers, where the first 2 digits are the diameter in millimeters, while the last 2 digits are the height in tenths of millimeters. Taller cells are assigned 5-digit numbers, where the first 2 digits are the diameter in millimeters, followed by the last 3 digits indicating the height in tenths of millimeters.

Sizes are shown for the silver-oxide IEC number; types and capacity are identified as (L) for alkaline and (S) for silver-oxide. In some cases, sizes which originally were distinct are now considered interchangeable. For example, the 189/389 cell is 3.1 mm high and was designated 1131, while the 190/390 size is 3.0 mm high and was designated 1130, but these sizes are now considered equivalent.


! Most
common
name
! Other
common
names
! IEC
name
! ANSI/NEDA
name
! Typical capacity
(mAh+)
! Dimensions
(mm)
dia. × h.
! Comments
(L) = alkaline
(S) = silver-oxide


| SR41
| AG3/SG3/G3-A
LR41
192/384/392
6135-99-949-0402 (NSN)(S)

| LR736 (L)
SR736 (S)
| 1135SO (S)
1134SO (S)
| 25–32 (L)
38–45 (S)
| 7.9 × 3.6
|

| SR43
| AG12/SG12
LR43
L1142
186/301/386
6135-99-547-0573 (NSN)(S)
VINNIC
| LR1142 (L)
SR1142 (S)
| 1133SO (S)
1132SO (S)
| 80 (L)
120–125 (S)
| 11.6 × 4.2
|

| SR44
| AG13/SG13
'''LR44+'''/LR154
6135-99-792-8475 (NSN)(alkaline)
6135-99-651-3240 (NSN)(S)
A76/S76/EPX76
157/303/357
1128MP, 208-904, A-76, A613, AG14,
AG-14, CA18, CA19, CR44, D76A,
G13A, G13-A, GDA76, GP76A, GPA7,
GPA75, GPA76, GPS76A, KA, KA76, AG76,
L1154, L1154C, L1154F, L1154G,
L1154H, LR44G, LR44GD, LR44H,
MS76H, PX76A, PX675A, RPX675,
RW82, SB-F9, V13G, 357A
| LR1154 (L)
SR1154 (S)
| 1166A (L)
1107SO (S)
1131SOP (S)
| 110–150 (L)
170–200 (S)
| 11.6 × 5.4
| Typical internal resistance: 8 ohms

| SR45
| AG9/SG9
LR45
194/394
6135-99-782-4675 (NSN)(S)

| LR936 (L)
SR936 (S)
|
| 48 (L)
55–70 (S)
| 9.5 × 3.6
|

| SR48
| AG5/SG5
LR48
193/309/393
| LR754 (L)
SR754 (S)
| 1136SO (S)
1137SO (S)
| 52 (L)
70 (S)
| 7.9 × 5.4
|

| SR54
| AG10/SG10
LR54
189/387/389/390
LR1130/SR1130
6135-99-796-0471 (NSN)(S)

| LR1131 (L)
SR1131 (S)
| 1138SO (S)
| 44–68 (L)
80–86 (S)
| 11.6 × 3.1
|

| SR55
| AG8/SG8
LR55
191/381/391
LR1120/SR1120
| LR1121 (L)
SR1121 (S)
| 1160SO (S)
| 40–42 (L)
55–67 (S)
| 11.6 × 2.1
|

|
| 365,366,S16,608
| SR1116SW
|  
| 28-40
| 11.6 × 1.65
| 1.55 V

| SR57
| AG7/SG7
LR57
195/395/399
LR927/SR927
SR927W/GR927
6135-99-796-0471 (NSN)(S)

| LR926 (L)
SR926 (S)
| 1165SO (S)
| 46 (L)
55–67 (S)
| 9.5 × 2.6
|

| SR58
| AG11/SG11
LR58
162/361/362
| LR721 (L)
SR721 (S)
| 1158SO (S)
| 18–25 (L)
33–36 (S)
| 7.9 × 2.1
|

| SR59
| AG2/SG2
LR59
196/396/397
| LR726 (L)
SR726 (S)
| 1163SO (S)
| 26 (L)
30 (S)
| 7.9 × 2.6
|

| SR60
| AG1/SG1
LR60
164/364
| LR621 (L)
SR621 (S)
| 1175SO (S)
| 13 (L)
20 (S)
| 6.8 × 2.1
|

| SR63
| AG0/SG0
LR63
379

| LR521 (L)
SR521 (S)
|
| 10 (L)
18 (S)
| 5.8 × 2.1
|

| SR64
| LR64
319

| LR527 (L)
SR527 (S)
|
| 12 (L)
20 (S)
| 5.8 × 2.7
|

| SR65
| SR616SW
| LR65
Varta V321

|
|
| 6.8 × 1.65
|

| SR66
| AG4/SG4
LR66
177/376/377
SR626SW
| LR626 (L)
SR626 (S)
| 1176SO (S)
| 12–18 (L)
26 (S)
| 6.8 × 2.6
|

| SR67
| 315
| SR716 (S)
|
| 21 (S)
| 7.9 × 1.65
|

| SR68
| SR916SW
373
| LR916 (L)
SR916 (S)
|  
| 26 (S)
| 9.5 × 1.6
|

| SR69
| AG6/SG6
LR69
171/371
LR920/SR920
| LR921 (L)
SR921 (S)
|  
| 30 (L)
55 (S)
| 9.5 × 2.1
|

| SR516
| SR516SW
317
| LR516 (L)
SR516 (S)
|  
| 11 (S)
| 5.8 × 1.6
|

| SR416
| SR416SW
337
| LR416 (L)
SR416 (S)
|  
| 8 (S)
| 4.8 × 1.6
|

| SR731
| SR731SW
24
329
| LR731 (L)
SR731 (S)
|  
| 36 (S)
| 7.9 × 3.1
|

| LR932
|
| LR932 (L)
|  
| 40 (L)
| 9.3 × 3.2
| Rarely used independently. 8 of these in series used in A23 battery+.

|


Zinc-air hearing aid batteries+

Miniature zinc-air batteries+ are button cells that use oxygen in air as a reactant and have very high capacity for their size. Each cell needs around 1 cubic centimetre of air per minute at a 10 mA discharge rate. These cells are commonly used in hearing aids. A sealing tab keeps air out of the cell in storage; a few weeks after breaking the seal the electrolyte will dry out and the battery becomes unusable, regardless of use. Nominal voltage on discharge is 1.2 volts.

! Most
common
name
! Other
common
names
! IEC 60086
name
! ANSI/NEDA
name
! Typical capacity
(mAh+)
! Dimensions
(mm)
dia. × h.
! Comments

| 5
| AC5 , ZA5
| PR63
| 7012ZD
| 33
| 5.8 × 2.5
| Marked as "discontinued" in Energizer data sheet

| 10
| yellow tab, ZA10
| PR70
| 7005ZD
| 91
| 5.8 × 3.6
|

| 13
| orange tab, ZA13
| PR48
| 7000ZD
| 280
| 7.9 × 5.4
|

| 312
| brown tab
6135-99-752-3528 (NSN)
ZA312
| PR41
| 7002ZD
| 160
| 7.9 × 3.6
|

| 675
| blue tab, ZA675
| PR44+
| 7003ZD
| 600
| 11.6 × 5.4
|

| AC41E
|
| PR43
| 7001Z
| 390
| 11.6 × 4.2
| Discontinued

|


Lithium-ion rechargeable batteries+ are generally not interchangeable with primary types using different chemistry, although certain sizes of lithium primary cells do have lithium-ion rechargeable equivalents. Most rechargeable cylindrical cells use a chemistry with a nominal voltage around 3.7 volts, but LiFePO4 cells+ produce only 3.2 volts.

Lithium-ion cells are made in various sizes, often assembled into packs for portable equipment. Many types are also available with an internal protection circuit to prevent over-discharge and short-circuit damage. This can increase their physical length; for example, an 18650 is around long, but may be around long with an internal protection circuit. Safe and economic recharging requires use of chargers specified for these cells. Popular applications include laptop battery packs, telephones, electronic cigarette+s, flashlight+s and cordless power tools.

Commonly-used designation numbers indicate the physical dimensions of the cylindrical cell, in a way similar to the system used for lithium button primary cells. The larger rechargeable cells are typically assigned five-digit numbers, where the first two digits are the (approximate) diameter in millimeters, followed by the last three digits indicating the (approximate) height in tenths of millimeters.


! Most common name
! Other common names
! IEC name
! ANSI/NEDA name
! Typical capacity (mAh)
! Dimensions (max)
dia. × l. (mm)
! Comments

|10180
|
|
|
|90
|10 × 18
|

|10280
|
|
|
|200
|10 × 28

|10440
|
|
|
|340
|10 × 44
| Same size as AAA cell.

|14250
|
|
|
|300
|14 × 25
| Same size as 1/2 AA cell.

|14500
|
|
|
|700-800
|14 × 50
| Same size as AA cell.

|14650
|
|
|
|1600
|14 × 65
|

|15270
|
|
|
|450-600
|15 × 27
| Substitute for CR2 primary lithium. 3 V.

|16340
|
|
|
|500-1000
|16 × 34
| Alternate substitute for CR123A primary lithium.[http://www.hdslights.com/?id=LightFaq#BatterySize] What are the differences between RCR123, R16340 and R17345 batteries? Retrieved 2011-08-02 Unprotected. (16 × 36, some protected versions).

|RCR123A
|17340, R123, RCR123, 2/3A, Tenergy 30200
|
|
|750
|17 × 34.5
| Same size as, and substitute for, CR123 primary lithium for cameras and flashlights. Size 2/3A. Protected version.

|17500
|A
|
|
|1100
|17.3 × 50
| The same size as an A cell, and 1.5 times the length of a CR123A.

|17670
|
|
|
|1250
|17 × 67
| 2 times the length of a standard CR123A.

|18350
|
|
|
|700-1200
|18 × 35 (nominal)
|

|18500
|
|
|
|1400
|18.3 × 49.8
| About the same length as an A cell, but larger diameter.

| 18650
| 168A
|
|
| 2200–3400
| 18.6 × 65.2
| This cell type is used in many laptop computer batteries, the Tesla Roadster+, Tesla Model S+, and LED flashlights.

| 19670
|Protected 18650
|
|
| 2200–3400
| 19 × 67
| Correct designation of '''protected 18650'''.

| 25500
|
|
|
| 2500–5000
| 24.3 × 49.2
| About the same diameter as a C cell but longer.

| 26650
|
|
|
| 3300
| 26.5 × 65.4
| Popular size as LiFePO4 cell+
from A123 Systems+ for radio control hobby use.

| 32600
|
|
|
| 3000–6000
| 32 × 61.9
| About the same diameter as a D cell but longer.
|


* Battery holder+
* Nine-volt battery+
* Battery (vacuum tube)+
* Battery recycling+
* List of battery types+




* IEC 60086-1: Primary batteries - Part 1: General
* IEC 60086-2: Primary batteries - Part 2: Physical and electrical specifications
* IEC 60086-3: Primary batteries - Part 3: Watch batteries
* IEC 60086-4: Primary batteries - Part 4: Safety of lithium batteries

* ANSI C18.1, Part 1 Portable Primary Cells and Batteries With Aqueous Electrolyte - General and Specifications
* ANSI C18.1, Part 2 Portable Primary Cells and Batteries With Aqueous Electrolyte Safety Standard
* ANSI C18.2, Part 1 Portable Rechargeable Cells and Batteries - General and Specifications
* ANSI C18.2, Part 2 Portable Rechargeable Cells and Batteries Safety Standard
* ANSI C18.3, Part 1 Portable lithium Primary Cells and Batteries - General and Specifications
* ANSI C18.3, Part 2 Portable lithium Primary Cells and Batteries Safety Standard

* MOD Defence standard D/DSTAN/61/17
* MOD Defence standard D/DSTAN/61/21


* Courtesy of the Highfields Amateur Radio Club (Cardiff, UK).
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

Category:Battery (electricity)+
Battery+
*+

List of battery sizes+ This article lists the sizes, shapes, and general characteristics of some common primary and secondary battery types in household and light industrial use.