List of chicken breeds +Search for Videos


There are hundreds of chicken+ breed+s in existence. Domesticated+ for thousands of years, distinguishable breeds of chicken have been present since the combined factors of geographical isolation and selection+ for desired characteristics created regional types with distinct physical and behavioral traits passed on to their offspring.

The physical traits used to distinguish chicken breeds are size, plumage+ color, comb+ type, skin color, number of toes, amount of feathering, egg+ color, and place of origin. They are also roughly divided by primary use, whether for eggs, meat, or ornamental purposes, and with some considered to be dual-purpose.

In the 21st century, chickens are frequently bred according to predetermined breed standard+s set down by governing organizations. The first of such standards was the British Poultry Standard+, which is still in publication today. Other standards include the Standard of Perfection+, the Australian Poultry Standard+, and the standard of the American Bantam Association, which deals exclusively with bantam+ fowl. Only some of the known breeds are included in these publications, and only those breeds are eligible to be shown+ competitively. There are additionally a few hybrid+ strains which are common in the poultry world, especially in large poultry farms. These types are first generation crosses of true breeds. Hybrids do not reliably pass on their features to their offspring, but are highly valued for their producing abilities.


!Table of contents


''By place of origin'':
Afghanistan+
Albania+
Australia+
Austria+
Belgium+
Bulgaria+
Canada+
Chile+
China+
Croatia+
Cuba+
Czech Republic+
Egypt+
Finland+
France+
Germany+
Greece+
Iceland+
India+
Indonesia+
Iran+
Italy+
Japan+
Korea+
Kosovo+
Malaysia+
Myanmar+
Netherlands+
Norway+
Pakistan+
Philippines+
Poland+
Portugal+
Romania+
Russia+
Serbia+
Slovakia+
South Africa+
Spain+
Sweden+
Switzerland+
Thailand+
Turkey+
Ukraine+
United Kingdom+
United States+
Vietnam+


'''By primary use''':
Eggs+
Meat+
Dual-purpose+
Exhibition+


'''Other''':
Bantams+
Hybrids+


'''See also+'''   •    '''Footnotes+'''   •    '''References+ '''
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* Ingriido+
* Khasaki+
* Kulangi+
* Pusty+
* Sabzwari+
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* Commune hen+
* Black Tropoja Lekbibaj+
* Tirana+
* Tropoja Pac+
* Yerevanian+
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* Australorp+
* Australian Langshan+
* Australian Game+
* Australian Pit Game+
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* Altsteirer+
* Sulmtaler+
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* Ardennaise+ or Ardenner (in French) Association pour la Promotion des Animaux de Basse-cour Belges. Accessed January 2012. "Large poultry breeds" (large and bantam)
* Ardenner bolstaart+
* Belgian Bearded d'Anvers+, Antwerp Belgian, Barbu d'Anvers or Antwerpse baardkriel (in French) Association pour la Promotion des Animaux de Basse-cour Belges. Accessed January 2012. "Dwarf poultry breeds" (bantam)
* Barbu de Boitsfort+ or Bosvoordse baardkriel (bantam)
* Barbu de Grubbe+ or Grubbe baardkriel (bantam)
* Belgian d'Everberg+, Barbu d'Everberg or Everbergse baardkriel (bantam)
* Barbu de Watermael+ or Watermaalse baardkriel (bantam)
* Bearded d'Uccle+, Barbu d'Uccle or Ukkelse baardkriel (bantam)
* Bassette Liègeoise+ (bantam)
* Brabanter+, Brabançonne or Brabants hoen (large and bantam)
* Braekel+ or Brakel (large and bantam)
* Campine+
* Combattant de Bruges+ or Brugse vechter (large and bantam)
* Combattant de Liège+ or Luikse vechter (large and bantam)
* Combattant de Tirlemont+ or Tiense vechter (large and bantam)
* Coucou d'Izegem+ or Izegemse koekoek
* Coucou des Flandres+ or Vlaanderse koekoek
* Famennoise+ or Famennehoen (large and bantam)
* Fauve de Hesbaye+ or Gele van Haspengouw
* Fauve de Mehaigne+ or Gele van Mehaigne (bantam)
* Herve+ or Hervehoen (large and bantam)
* Huttegem+
* Malines+ or Mechels hoen (large and bantam)
* Mechelse kalkoenkop+
* Naine belge+ or Belgische kriel (bantam)
* Naine de Waes+ or Waasse kriel (bantam)
* Naine du Tournaisis+ or Doornikse kriel (bantam)
* Pondeuse de Zingem+ or Zingems leghoen
* Poule d'Aarschot+ or Aarschots hoen
* Poule de la vallée de la Zwalm+ or Hoen van de Zwalmvallei
* Poule de Zottegem+ or Zottegems hoen
* Zingems vleeshoen+
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* Black Shumen chicken+
* Starozagorska red chicken+
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* Chantecler+
* Red Shaver+
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* Araucana+


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* Cochin+
* Croad Langshan+
* Nankin+
* Pekin+
* Silkie+
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* Hrvatica+ (Croatian Hen, Kokoš Hrvatica)


* Cubalaya+

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* Czech gold brindle chicken+ (Česká slepice zlatě kropenatá, Česká zlatá kropenka, Češka)
* Šumavanka+
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* Alexandria+
* Arbrikers+
* Bahig+
* Bandara+
* Boffen+
* Dandarawi+
* Dokki 4+
* Baladi Beheri+
* Fayoumi+
* Gimmizah+
* Golden Montazah+
* Hawara+
* Inshas+
* Iven+
* Kherbis+
* Mandarah+
* Matrouh+
* Salam+
* Silver Montazah+
* Sinai+
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* AlhoNikkonen, Terhi (2011) MTT Agrifood Research Finland. Accessed January 2012.
* Finnish Landrace Chicken+ (Finnish chicken)
* Häme
* Hornio
* Iitti
* Ilmajoki
* Jalasjärvi
* Jussila
* Kiuruvesi
* Lindellin
* Luumäki
* Piikkiö
* Savitaipale
* Tyrnävä
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* Aquitaine+ Fédération française des volailles. Accessed January 2012.
* Ardeale+
* Ardennaise+, or Sans-queue des Ardennes
* Barbezieux+
* Blanzac+
* Bourbonnaise+
* Bourbourg+
* Bresse+ or Gauloise
* Caumont+
* Caussade+
* Charollaise+
* Cocherelle+
* Combattant du Nord+
* Contres+
* Cotentine+
* Coucou des Flandres+
* Coucou de France+
* Coucou de Rennes+
* Coucou Picarde+
* Coucou Soie+
* Cou-nu du Forez+
* Courtes-Pattes+
* Crèvecœur+
* Estaires+
* Faverolles+ clair (light)
* Faverolles+ foncée (dark or German Faverolles)
* Favoris+
* Gasconne+
* Gâtinaise+
* Gauloise dorée+
* Géline de Touraine+
* Gournay+
* Hergnies+
* Houdan+
* Ivanaise+
* Janzé+
* Javanaise+
* La Flèche+
* Landaise+
* Le Mans+
* Le Merlerault+
* Meusienne+
* Limousine (coq de pêche)+
* Lyonnaise+
* Mantes+
* Marans+
* Noire du Berry+
* Noire de Challans+
* Pavilly+
* Poule d'Alsace+
* Poule de Caux+
* Poule de Marquise+
* Poule de Saint-Omer+
* Poule des Courrières+
* Poule des haies, see Ardennaise
* Provençale+
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* Annaberger Haubenstrupphühner+ (in German) Bund Deutscher Rassegeflügelzüchter e.V. Accessed January 2012. "Chickens 2011", entente-ee.com
* Augsburger+
* ''Bergische Kräher'', see Bergischer Long Crower+
* Bergische Schlotterkämme+
* Bielefelder Kennhühner+
* ''Deutsche Lachshühner'', see Faverolles+
* ''Deutsche Langschan'', see German Langshan+
* Deutsche Reichshühner+
* Deutsche Sperber+
* Dresdner+
* ''Hamburger'', see Hamburg+
* Kraienköppe+ (''Twents hoen'')
* Krüper+
* ''Lakenfelder'', see Lakenvelder+
* ''Nackthalshühner'', see Transylvanian Naked Neck+
* Niederrheiner+
* ''Ostfriesische Möwen'', see East Frisian Gull+
* Pfälzer Kämpfer+
* Phoenix+
* Ramelsloher+
* Rheinländer+
* Sachsenhühner+
* ''Strupphühner'', see Frizzle+
* ''Sultanhühner'', see Sultan+
* Sundheimer+
* Thüringer Barthühner+
* Vogtländer+
* ''Vorwerkhühner'', see Vorwerk+
* ''Westfälische Totleger'', see Westphalian chicken+

* Bergische Zwerg-Kräher+ (in German) Bund Deutscher Rassegeflügelzüchter e.V. Accessed January 2012. "Dwarf chickens 2011"
* Bergische Zwerg-Schlotterkämme+
* Bielefelder Zwerg-Kennhühner+
* Brügger Zwerg-Kämpfer+
* Deutsche Zwerghühner+
* ''Deutsche Zwerg-Lachshühner'', see Faverolle Bantam+
* ''Deutsche Zwerg-Langschan'', see German Langshan Bantam+
* Deutsche Zwerg-Reichshühner+
* Deutsche Zwerg-Sperber+
* Frankfurter Zwerghühner+
* Ostfriesische Zwerg-Möwen+
* Ruhlaer Zwerg-Kaulhühner+
* Siamesisches Zwerg-Seidenhühner+
* Thüringer Zwerg-Barthühner+
* Zwerg-Altsteirer+
* Zwerg-Amrocks+
* ''Zwerg-Andalusier'', see Andalusian+
* ''Zwerg-Araucana+'', see Rumpless Araucana Bantam+
* ''Zwerg-Asil'', see Asil Bantam+
* ''Zwerg-Augsburger'', see Augsburger Bantam+
* ''Zwerg-Australorps'', see Australorp Bantam+
* ''Zwerg-Barnevelder'', see Barnevelder Bantam+
* ''Zwerg-Brahma'', see Brahmas+
* ''Zwerg-Brakel'', see Brakel Bantam+
* ''Zwerg-Créve Coeur'', see Crevecoeur Bantam+
* ''Zwerg-Dominikaner'', see Dominique Bantam+
* Zwerg-Dresdner+
* ''Zwerg-Hamburger'', see Hamburg Bantam+
* ''Zwerg-Italiener'', see Leghorn Bantam+
* Zwerg-Kastilianer+
* Zwerg-Krüper+
* ''Zwerg-La Fléche'', see La Fleche Bantam+
* ''Zwerg-Lakenfelder'', see Lakenfelder Bantam+
* ''Zwerg-Minorka'', see Minorca Bantam+
* ''Zwerg-Nackthalshühner'', see Transsylvanian Naked Necks Bantam+
* ''Zwerg-New Hampshire'', see New Hampshire Bantam+
* Zwerg-Niederrheiner+
* ''Zwerg-Orloff'', see Orloff Bantam+
* ''Zwerg-Orpinglon'' see Orpington Bantam+
* ''Zwerg-Phönix'', see Phoenix+
* ''Zwerg-Plymouth Rocks'', see Plymouth Rock Bantam+
* Zwerg-Rheinländer+
* Zwerg-Rhodeländer+
* Zwerg-Sachsenhühner+
* ''Zwerg-Sulmtaler'', see Sulmtaler Bantam+
* Zwerg-Sundheimer+
* ''Zwerg-Sussex'', see Sussex Bantam+
* ''Zwerg-Vorwerkhühner'' see Vorwerk Bantam+
* ''Zwerg-Welsumer'' see Welsumer Bantam+
* ''Zwerg-Yokohama'' see Yokohama Bantam+
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* Alonissos island chicken+
* Chios Fighting Chicken+
* Follidotes Chicken+
* Kalamata Chicken+
* Pomak Fighting Chicken+
* Lesvos Fillianes Chicken+
* Trikala Chicken+
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* Icelandic chicken+


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* Ankaleshwar+
* Aseel+
* Busra+
* Cari Gold+
* Danki+
* Daothigir+
* Debendra+
* Dhanraja+
* Ghagus+
* Giriraja+
* Gramalakshmi+
* Gramapriya+
* Kadaknath+
* Kalasthi+
* Kalinga Brown+
* Kashmir Faverolla+
* Krishna-J+
* Miri+
* Mrityunjay+
* Nicobari+
* Punjab Brown+
* Tellicherry+
* Vanaraja+
* Yamuna+
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* Ayam Cemani+
* Bekisar+ (interspecific hybrid)
* Sumatra (chicken)+
* Kedu+ (nationally standardized)
* Pelung+ (long-crower, locally standardized)
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* Manx Rumpy+ (or Rumpless Game)
* Orloff+
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* Ancona+
* Bianca di Saluzzo+ (in Italian) Accessed January 2012. "Atlas of chicken breeds"
* Bionda Piemontese+
* Ciuffine Ghigi+
* Collo Nudo Italiano+
* Ermellinata di Rovigo+
* Livorno, see Leghorn+
* Mericanel della Brianza+
* Millefiori di Lonigo+
* Millefiori Piemontese+
* Modenese+
* Mugellese+
* Padovana+
* Padovana Riccia+
* Pepoi+
* Polverara+
* Robusta Lionata+
* Robusta Maculata+
* Romagnola+
* Siciliana+
* Sicilian Buttercup+
* Valdarno+
* Valdarnese+
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* Japanese Bantam+ (or Chabo)
* Shamo+ (or Ko-Shamo)
* Tomaru+
* Onagadori+
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*Jangmigye+

*Kosova Long Crowing Rooster+

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* Malay+
* Serama+
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* Saipan Jungle Fowl+

* Burmese+


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* Assendelfts Hoen+ (large and bantam) (in Dutch) Nederlandse Bond van Hoender, Dwerghoender, Sier- en Watervogelhouders. Accessed January 2012. "Chickens and dwarf chickens".
* Barnevelder+ (large and bantam)
* Brabanter+ (large and bantam)
* Chaamse hoenders+
* Drents Hoen+ (large and bantam)
* Eikenburgerkriel+ (bantam)
* Fries Hoen+ (large and bantam)
* Friesian+
* Groninger Meeuw+ (large and bantam)
* Hollandse Kriel, see Dutch Bantam+ (bantam)
* Hollandse Kuifhoen+ (large and bantam)
* Hollands Hoen+ (large and bantam)
* Kraaikop+ (large and bantam)
* Lakenvelder+ (large and bantam)
* Nederlandse Baardkuifhoen+ (large and bantam)
* Nederlandse Sabelpootkriel, see Dutch Booted Bantam+ (bantam)
* Nederlandse Uilebaard+ (large and bantam)
* Noord Hollands Hoen or Noord-Hollandse Blauwe, see North Holland Blue+ (large and bantam)
* Schijndelaar+
* Twents Hoen+ (large and bantam)
* Welsummer+ (large and bantam)
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* Norwegian Jærhøne+

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* Asil+ (or Aseel)
* Desi+
* Lyallpur Silver black+
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* Philippine Native Chicken+

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* Polbar+
* Zielononóżka Kuropatwiana+ (Green-legged Partridge). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed January 2012.
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* Amarela+ (in Portuguese) Associação dos Criadores de Bovinos de Raça Barrosã. Accessed January 2012. "Birds"
* Preta Lusitânica+
* Pedrês Portuguesa+
* Raça Branca+
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* Transylvanian Naked Neck+

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* Yurlov Crower+
* Russian Orloff+
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* Banat Naked Neck+ (Banatski gološijan) (in Serbian) Udruzenje za zastitu i odgoj sitnih zivotinja Sremska Mitrovica. Accessed January 2012.
* Sombor Crested chicken+ (Somborska kaporka)
* Svrljig Black+ (Svrljiška kokoš)
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* Oravka+

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* Ovambo+[http://www.arc.agric.za/home.asp?pid=2706 Agricultural Research Council - The indigenous poultry breeds of SA* Potchefstroom Koekoek+
* Venda+
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* Andalusian+, Andaluza Azul
* Asturian Painted Hen+, Pita Pinta Asturiana
* Cara Blanca+
* Castilian+, Castellana Negra
* Catalana+, Catalana Del Prat or Prat Leonada
* Empordanesa+
* Euskal oiloa+
* Extremaduran+, Extremeña Azul
* Indio de León+
* Gallina Mallorquina+
* Minorca+, Gallina Menorquina
* Murciana+
* Galiña de Mos+
* Pardo de León+
* Penedesenca+
* Pitiüsa+
* Spanish game+, Combatiente español
* Utrerana+
* Valenciana de Chulilla+ (in Spanish) Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Medio Rural y Marino. Accessed January 2012 (''click'' Razas, ''then'' Catálogo Oficial de razas). "Breeding: official catalogue of agricultural breeds in Spain".
* White-Faced Black Spanish+
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* Asbohöna+
* Bohuslän+ or Dals svarthöna
* Gotlandshöna+
* Hedemorahöna+
* Ölandshöns+
* Oländsk Dvirghöna+
* Orusthöna+
* Skånsk Blommehöna+
* Svensk dvärghöna+
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* Appenzeller Barthühner, see Appenzeller+
* Appenzeller Spitzhauben, see Appenzeller+
* Schweizerhuhn+
* Zwerg-Appenzeller Barthuhn, see Appenzeller+
* Zwerg-Schweizerhuhn, see Schweizer chicken+
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* Pradu Hang Dam Chiangmai+


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* Abaza+
* Denizli+
* Denizli Black+
* Denizli Demirkiri+
* Denizli Pamukkiri+
* Denizli Pekmez kefi+
* Denizli Sarabi+
* Gebze+
* Gerze+
* Hacikadin+
* Sultan+
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* Poltava+


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* Derbyshire Redcap+
* Dorking+
* Indian Game+ (or Cornish)
* Ixworth+
* Marsh Daisy+
* Modern Game+
* Modern Langshan+
* Muffed Old English Game+
* Norfolk Grey+
* Old English Game+
* Old English Pheasant Fowl+
* Orpington+
* Rosecomb+
* Scots Dumpy+
* Scots Grey+
* Sebright+
* Sussex+
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* Ameraucana+
* American Game+
* Buckeye+
* Blue Hen of Delaware+
* California Gray+
* Delaware+
* Dominique+
* Holland+
* Iowa Blue+
* Java+
* Jersey Giant+
* Lamona+
* New Hampshire+
* Plymouth Rock+ (or Barred Rock, Rock)
* Pyncheon+
* Rhode Island Red+
* Rhode Island White+
* Winnebago+
* Wyandotte+
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* Ga Ac
* Ga Choi
* Ga Dong Tao
*Gà Hồ+
* Ga Mia
* Ga Mong
* Ga Noi+
* Ga Ri
* Ga Tau Vang
* Ca To
* Ga Tre
* H'mong
* Oke
* Phu lu Te
* Te
* Tien Yen
* Vanphu
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All chickens lay eggs+, have edible meat+, and possess a unique appearance. However, distinct breeds are the result of selective breeding to emphasize certain traits. Any breed may technically be used for general agricultural+ purposes, and all breeds are shown to some degree. But each chicken breed is known for a primary use.


Many breeds were selected and are used primarily for producing eggs+, these are mostly light-weight birds whose hens do not go broody often.
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* Ameraucana+
* Ancona+
* Andalusian+
* Araucana+
* Asturian Painted Hen+
* Barnevelder+
* Campine+
* Catalana+
* Easter Egger+
* Egyptian Fayoumi+
* Norwegian Jærhøne+

* Kraienköppe+ (Twentse)
* Lakenvelder+
* Leghorn+
* Marans+
* Minorca+
* Orloff+
* Penedesenca+
* Sicilian Buttercup+
* White-Faced Black Spanish+
* Welsummer+
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Most farms and homesteads use dual-purpose breeds for meat production. Some breeds are raised mainly for meat:
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* Bresse+
* Indian Game+ (or Cornish Game)

* Ixworth+
* Jersey Giant+
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The generalist breeds used in barnyards the world over are adaptable utility birds good at producing both meat and eggs. Though some may be slightly better for one of these purposes, they are usually called ''dual-purpose'' breeds.

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* Australorp+
* Brahma+
* Braekel+ (Brakel)
* Buckeye+
* California Gray+
* Chantecler+
* Cubalaya+
* Derbyshire Redcap+
* Dominique+
* Dorking+
* Faverolles+
* Holland+
* Iowa Blue+
* Java+
* Jersey Giant+

* Marsh Daisy+
* Naked Neck+
* New Hampshire+
* Norfolk Grey+
* Orpington+
* Plymouth Rock+
* Poltava+
* Red Shaver+
* Rhode Island Red+
* Rhode Island White+
* Scots Dumpy+
* Scots Grey+
* Sussex+
* Winnebago+
* Wyandotte+
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Since the 19th century, poultry fancy+, the breeding and competitive exhibition+ of poultry+ as a hobby, has grown to be a huge influence on chicken breeds. Many breeds have always been kept for ornamental purposes, and others have been shifted from their original use to become first and foremost exhibition fowl, even if they may retain some inherent utility. Since the sport of cockfighting+ has been outlawed in the developed world, most breeds first developed for this purpose, called game+ fowl, are now seen principally in the show ring rather than the cock pit as fighting cocks+.

!Key




U denotes a breed primarily used for exhibition, but which is still used for utility purposes.


G denotes a game breed.
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* American Game+ G
* Asil+ G
* Appenzeller+ U
* Barbu de Watermael+
* Belgian Bearded d'Anvers+
* Bearded d'Uccle+
* Belgian d'Everberg+
* Blue Hen of Delaware+ G
* Booted Bantam+
* Cochin+
* Crèvecœur+ U
* Croad Langshan+ U
* Dutch Bantam+
* Frizzle+
* Ga Noi+G
* Hamburg+ U
* Houdan+ U
* Japanese Bantam+

* Jangmigye+
* La Flèche+ U
* Malay+ G
* Modern Game+
* Nankin+
* Old English Game+ G
* Pekin+
* Phoenix+
* Polish+ U
* Rosecomb+
* Sebright+
* Serama+
* Shamo+ G
* Silkie+
* Sultan+
* Sumatra+
* Vorwerk+ U
* Yokohama+
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Most large chicken breeds have a bantam counterpart, sometimes referred to as a ''miniature''. Miniatures are usually one-fifth to one-quarter the size of the standard breed, but they are expected to exhibit all of the standard breed's characteristics. A ''true bantam'' has no large counterpart, and is naturally small. The true bantams include:


*Belgian Bearded d'Anvers+
*Belgian Bearded d'Uccle+
*Belgian d'Everberg+
*Booted Bantam+
*Dutch Bantam+
* Japanese Bantam+
* Nankin+
* Pekin+
* Rosecomb+
* Sebright+
* Serama+
* Silkie+
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''See also :Category:Chicken hybrids+''

Many common strains of cross-bred+ chickens exist, but none breed true or are recognized by poultry breed standard+s. Thus, though they are extremely common in flocks focusing on high productivity, cross-breeds do not technically meet the definition of a breed+. Most cross-breed strains are sex linked+, allowing for easy chick sexing+.

*Black Sex Link+ (also called Black Stars or * in the UK)
*Red Sex Link+ (also called Red Stars)
*ISA Brown+
* Kuroiler+
*Lohmann Brown+
*Daisy Belle+
*Cream Legbar+
*Cornish-Rock+
*Easter Egger+
*Broiler+
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* List of birds+
* List of duck breeds+
* List of goose breeds+
* List of turkey breeds+
* Chickens as pets+

reflist:

*
*
*


* at entente-ee.com
* at feathersite.com
* at poultrykeeper.com with breed information pages.

Chicken:
Poultry:
Breed:

List of chicken breeds+ There are hundreds of chicken breeds in existence. Domesticated for thousands of years, distinguishable breeds of chicken have been present since the combined factors of geographical isolation and selection for desired characteristics created regional types with distinct physical and behavioral traits passed on to their offspring.