Palm Springs, California +Search for Videos

Other uses|Palm Springs (disambiguation)

settlement
Palm Springs, California
City+
City of Palm Springs
Aerial view of south west Palm Springs (facing south), with the Canyon Country Club in the center

250x200px
Location in Riverside County
33 49 49 N
116 32 43 W
inline,title

US-CA
Country+

State+

County+
Mayor+
Steve Pougnet+
Incorporated+
April 20, 1938
US
94.975
94.116
0.859
245.984
243.761
2.224
0.90


479
146
2010
44552
auto
PST+
-8
PDT
-7
ZIP code+s
92262–92264
Area codes+
442/760+
FIPS code+

GNIS+ feature IDs



'''Palm Springs''' is a desert resort city+ in Riverside County, California+, within the Coachella Valley+. It is located approximately east of San Bernardino+, east of Los Angeles+, northeast of San Diego+, and west of Phoenix, Arizona+. The population was 44,552 as of the 2010 census. Palm Springs covers approximately 94 square miles, making it the largest city in the county by land area.

Biking, golf, hiking, horseback riding, swimming, and tennis in the nearby desert and mountain areas are major forms of recreation in Palm Springs.




Archaeological research has shown that the Cahuilla people+ have lived in the area for the past 350–500 years. The Cahuilla name for the area was "Se-Khi" (boiling water). When the Agua Caliente Reservation+ was established by the United States government in 1896, the reservation land was composed of alternating sections (640 acres) of land laid out across the desert in a checkerboard pattern+. The alternating non-reservation sections were granted to the Southern Pacific Railroad+ as an incentive to bring rail lines through the open desert+.

Presently the Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians+ is composed of several smaller bands who live in the modern day Coachella Valley and San Gorgonio Pass+ areas. The Agua Caliente Reservation occupies , of which lie within the city limits, making the Agua Caliente band the city's largest landowner. (Tribal enrollment is currently estimated at between 296 and 365 people.)

As of 1821 Mexico+ was independent of Spain and in March 1823 the Mexican Monarchy+ ended. That same year (in December) Mexican diarist José María Estudillo+ and Brevet Captain José Romero were sent to find a route from Sonora+ to Alta California+; on their expedition they first recorded the existence of "Agua Caliente" at Palm Springs, California. With the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo+, the region was ceded+ to the United States in 1848.


One possible origin of ''palm'' in the place name comes from early Spanish explorers who referred to the area as ''La Palma de la Mano de Dios'' or "The Palm of God's hand". The earliest use of the name "Palm Springs" is from United States Topographical Engineers+ who used the term in 1853 maps. According to William Bright+, when the word "palm" appears in Californian place names, it usually refers to the native California fan palm, ''Washingtonia filifera+'', which is abundant in the Palm Springs area. Other early names were "Palmetto Spring" and "Big Palm Springs".

The first European resident in Palm Springs itself was Jack Summers, who ran the stagecoach+ station in 1862. In 1880, local Indian Pedro Chino was selling parcels near the springs to William Van Slyke and Mathew Bryne in a series of questionable transactions; they in turn brought in W. R. Porter to help market their property through the "Palm City Land and Water Company".

McCallum, who had brought his ill son to the dry climate for health, brought in irrigation advocate Dr. Oliver Wozencroft and engineer J. P. Lippincott to help construct a canal from the Whitewater River+ to fruit orchards on his property. The crops and irrigation systems suffered flooding in 1893 from record rainfall, and then an 11-year drought (1894–1905) caused further damage.



The city became a fashionable resort in the 1900s when health tourists arrived with conditions that required dry heat. In 1906 naturalist and travel writer George Wharton James+' two volume ''The Wonders of the Colorado Desert+'' described Palm Springs as having "great charms and attractiveness" Nellie N. Coffman and her physician husband Harry established The Desert Inn as a hotel and sanitarium in 1909; it was expanded as a modern hotel in 1927 and continued on until 1967.

James' ''Wonders of the Colorado Desert'' was followed in 1920 by J. Smeaton Chase+'s ''Our Araby: Palm Springs and the Garden of the Sun'', which also served to promote the area. In 1924 Pearl McCallum (daughter of Judge McCallum) returned to Palm Springs and built the Oasis Hotel with her husband Austin G. McManus; the Modern/Art Deco resort was designed by Lloyd Wright+ and featured a 40-foot tower.

In the 1930s estate building expanded into the Movie Colony neighborhoods, Tahquitz River Estates, and Las Palmas neighborhoods. Actors Charles Farrell+ and Ralph Bellamy+ opened the Racquet Club+ in 1934 and the Chi Chi nightclub opening in 1936. Southern California's first self-contained shopping center was established in Palm Springs as the Plaza Shopping Center in 1936.

|+Pre-World War II Coachella Valley Resorts and Hotels

! Name !! City !! Year Established !! Year Closed/Demolished !! Notes and referencesExcept where noted, most data is from:

| Agua Caliente Bathhouse | Palm Springs | 1880s | Present day | Commercial use since the 1880s; bathhouse constructed 1916; site is now the Agua Caliente Spa Resort Casino, built in 1963

| Southern Pacific Indio depot | Indio | 1880s | Burned down in 1966 | Contained a "rough resort/hotel"

| Hotel and tent houses | Palm Springs | 1910s | Unknown | Operated by David Manley Blanchard (tent houses in late 1800s)

| Hotel Indio | Indio | 1925 | 2004 (Burned) | Opened by E.R. Cooper; had 60 rooms (40 with baths)

| La Quinta Hotel | La Quinta | 1927| Present day | Built by William Morgan; designed by Gordon Kaufmann+; now the La Quinta Resort and Club+

| Goff Hotel | Palm Springs | 1928 (circa) | — |

| Pepper Tree Inn | Palm Springs | 1924 | — | Also described as the Dr. Reid's Sanitarium/Matthews-Andrea-Pepper Tree Inn

| Ramona Hotel | Palm Springs | 1910s | — | Renamed in 1921 as the Palm Springs Hotel by the Foldesy family, although not related to original Palm Spring Hotel

| Sunshine Court | Palm Springs | 1920s | 2000s (Razed) | Built by Dr. J. J. Crocker and used by golfers at the O'Donnell Golf Club

| Hotel La Palma | Palm Springs | 1910s| — | Depicted on Palm Canyon Drive in late teens/early 1920s;

| The Orchid Tree Inn | Palm Springs | 1934 | Present day | 45 rooms

| Estrella Resort and Spa | Palm Springs | 1933 | Present day | Now the Viceroy Palm Springs; 74 rooms

| Ingleside Inn | Palm Springs | 1935 | Present day | Original estate built in the 1920s; operated as the Ingleside Inn by Ruth Hardy; now operated by Mel Haber+

| Palm Springs Tennis Club | Palm Springs | 1937 | Present day | Area is now the Tennis Club Condominiums

| La Bella Villas | Palm Springs | 1939 |Present day | Six Southwest-style villas

| Desert Hot Springs Mineral Bathhouse | Desert Hot Springs | 1941 | Demolished | Developed by L.W. and Lillian T. Coffee; burned in 1947 and rebuilt

| The Oasis Hotel | Palm Springs | 1925 | Present day | Built on grounds owned by the late John Gutherie McCallum; concrete structure designed by Lloyd Wright+

| Hotel del Tahquitz | Palm Springs | 1929 | 1958 | Built by movie star Fritzi Ridgeway+; had 100 rooms

| Deep Well Guest Ranch | Palm Springs | 1929 | 1948 | Operated by Frank and Melba Bennet; converted to housing development

| Smoke Tree Ranch | Palm Springs | 1925 | — |

| Monte Vista Apartments | Palm Springs | 1921 | 2005 | Operated as a hotel by John and Freda Miller, and then their sons, Frank and John.

| El Mirador Hotel | Palm Springs | 1927 | (Converted) | Had 200+ rooms; went bankrupt in 1930, bought by new owners; taken over as US Army Torney General Hospital in 1942; reopened as hotel in 1952; became the Desert Regional Medical Center in 1972
| The Desert Inn |Palm Springs | 1909 | 1967 | Built by Nellie Coffman; originally a tent-house resort and sanitarium, developed into 35 buildings and bungalows; owned by actress Marion Davies+ from 1955 to 1960; original building demolished in 1960; officially closed in 1953

| Colonial House+ | Palm Springs | 1936 | Present day | With 56 rooms, was built by Purple Gang+ member Al Wertheimer with a reputed speakeasy and brothel; once known as the Howard Manor; now the Colony Palms Hotel

| Welwood Murray's Palm Springs Hotel | Palm Springs | 1886| 1909 | Demolished in 1954
|

When the United States entered World War II, Palm Springs and the Coachella Valley were important in the war effort. The original airfield near Palm Springs became a staging area for the Air Corps Ferrying Command+'s 21st Ferrying Group+ in November 1941 and a new airfield was built ½ mile from the old site. The new airfield, designated Palm Springs Army Airfield, was completed in early 1942. Personnel from the Air Transport Command 560th Army Air Forces Base Unit stayed at the La Paz Guest Ranch and training was conducted at the airfield was by the 72nd and 73rd Ferrying Squadrons. Later training was provided by the IV Fighter Command+ 459th Base Headquarters and Air Base Squadron.

Eight months before Pearl Harbor Day, the El Mirador Hotel was fully booked and adding new facilities. After the war started, the U.S. government bought the hotel from owner Warren Phinney for $750,000 and converted it into the Torney General Hospital, with Italian prisoners of war serving as kitchen help and orderlies in 1944 and 1945. Through the war it was staffed with 1,500 personnel and treated some 19,000 patients.

General Patton's Desert Training Center+ encompassed the entire region, with its headquarters in Camp Young at the Chiriaco Summit+ and an equipment depot maintained by the 66th Ordnance in present day Palm Desert+.


Architectural modernists flourished with commissions from the stars, using the city to explore architectural innovations, new artistic venues, and an exotic back-to-the-land experiences. Inventive architects designed unique vacation houses, such as steel houses with prefabricated panels and folding roofs, a glass-and-steel house in a boulder-strewn landscape, and a carousel house that turned to avoid the sun's glare.Wills, Eric (May/June 2008). "Palm Springs Eternal", ''Preservation'', Vol. 60, Issue 3, pp. 38–45

In 1946 Richard Neutra+ designed the Edgar and Liliane Kaufmann House+. A modernist classic, this mostly glass residence incorporated the latest technological advances in building materials, using natural lighting and floating planes and flowing space for proportion and detail. In recent years an energetic preservation program has protected and enhanced many classic buildings.

Culver (2010) argues that Palm Springs architecture became the model for mass-produced suburban housing, especially in the Southwest. This "Desert Modern" style was a high-end architectural style featuring open-design plans, wall-to-wall carpeting, air-conditioning, swimming pools, and very large windows. As Culver concludes, "While environmentalists might condemn desert modern, the masses would not. Here, it seemed, were houses that fully merged inside and outside, providing spaces for that essential component of Californian—and indeed middle-class American—life: leisure. While not everyone could have a Neutra masterpiece, many families could adopt aspects of Palm Springs modern."

Hollywood values permeated the resort as it combined celebrity, health, new wealth, and sex. As Culver (2010) explains: "The bohemian sexual and marital mores already apparent in Hollywood intersected with the resort atmosphere of Palm Springs, and this new, more open sexuality would gradually appear elsewhere in national tourist culture." During this period, the city government, stimulated by real estate developers systematically removed and excluded poor people and Indians.

Palm Springs was pictured by the French photographer Robert Doisneau+ in November 1960 as part of an assignment for ''Fortune''+ on the construction of golf courses+ in this particularly dry and hot area of the Colorado desert. Doisneau submitted around 300 slides following his ten-day stay depicting the lifestyle of wealthy retirees and Hollywood+ stars in the 1960s. At the time, Palm Springs counted just nineteen courses, whereas the city now has "One hundred and twenty-five golf courses, 2,250 holes, or rather continually thirsty pits, which soak up 1.2 million gallons of water just to survive."



Similar to the pre-war era, Palm Springs remained popular with the rich and famous of Hollywood, as well as retirees and Canadian tourists. Between 1947 and 1965, the Alexander Construction Company+ built some 2,200 houses in Palm Springs effectively doubling its housing capacity.

As the 1970s drew to a close, increasing numbers of retirees moved to the Coachella Valley. As a result, Palm Springs began to evolve from a virtual ghost town in the summer to a year-round community. Businesses and hotels that used to close for the months of July and August instead remained open all summer. As commerce grew, so too did the number of families with children.

The recession of 1973–1975+ impacted Palm Springs as many of the wealthy residents had to cut back on their spending. Later in the 1970s numerous Chicago mobsters invested $50 million in the Palm Springs area, buying houses, land, and businesses. While Palm Springs faced competition from the desert cities to the east in the later 1980s, it has continued to prosper into the 21st century.

Since the early 1950s the city had been a popular spring break+ resort. Glamorized as a destination in the 1963 movie ''Palm Springs Weekend+'', the number of visitors grew and at times the gatherings had problems. In 1969 an estimated 15,000 people had gathered for a concert at the Palm Springs Angel Stadium and 300 were arrested for drunkenness or disturbing the peace. In the 1980s 10,000+ college students would visit the city and form crowds and parties – and another rampage occurred in 1986 when Palm Springs Police in riot gear had to put down the rowdy crowd. In 1990, due to complaints by residents, mayor Sonny Bono+ and the city council closed the city's Palm Canyon Drive to Spring Breakers and the downtown businesses lost money normally filled by the tourists.

Tourism is a major factor in the city's economy with 1.6 million visitors in 2011. The city has over 130 hotels and resorts, numerous bed and breakfast+s and over 100 restaurants and dining spots.

Following the recession of the late 2000s/early 2010s, Palm Springs is revitalizing its Downtown or "the Village". Rebuilding started with the demolition of the Bank of America building in January 2012, with the Desert Fashion Plaza scheduled for demolition later in 2012.

The movement behind Mid-Century modern+ architecture (1950s/60s era) in Palm Springs is backed by architecture enthusiasts, artistic designers and local historians to preserve many of Central Palm Springs' buildings and houses of famous celebrities, businessmen and politicians.

Palm Springs is located at (33.823990, −116.530339) in the Sonoran Desert+. According to the United States Census Bureau+, the city has a total area of , of which is land and (1%) is water. Located in the Coachella Valley desert region, Palm Springs is sheltered by the San Bernardino Mountains+ to the north, the Santa Rosa Mountains+ to the south, by the San Jacinto Mountains to the west and by the Little San Bernardino Mountains+ to the east.

Palm Springs has a mostly hot, and usually dry climate, with over 300 days of sunshine and around of rain annually.
and in January and February days often see temperatures of and on occasion reach over , while, on average, there are 17 nights annually dipping to or below ; freezing temperatures occur in less than half of years. The lowest temperature recorded is , on January 22, 1937. Summer often sees daytime temperatures above coupled with warm overnight lows remaining above . The mean annual temperature is . There are 180 days with a high reaching , and can be seen on 116 days. The highest temperature on record in Palm Springs is , most recently achieved on July 28 and 29, 1995.


Weather boxPalm Springs Fire Station 2, California (1981–2010 normals)
Y Y
70.8
74.0
80.4
87.7
95.7
103.7
108.1
107.3
101.9
91.2
78.5
69.2
89.0
45.4
48.0
52.2
57.4
64.3
70.8
77.5
77.6
71.9
62.3
51.6
44.1
60.3
95
99
104
112
116
122
123
123
121
116
102
93
123
19
24
29
34
36
44
54
52
46
30
23
23
19
green
1.15
1.11
0.53
0.06
0.02
0.02
0.13
0.29
0.23
0.24
0.32
0.87
4.97
0.01 in
3.1
3.2
1.6
0.6
0.2
0.6
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.8
1.9
NOAA (extremes 1917–present)

April 2012

The locale features a variety of native Low Desert+ flora and fauna. A notable tree occurring in the wild and under cultivation is the California Fan Palm, ''Washingtonia filifera+''.


The City of Palm Springs has developed a program to identify distinctive neighborhoods in the community. Of the 33 neighborhoods, 7 have historical and cultural significance.

The Movie Colony is just east of Palm Canyon Drive. The Movie Colony East neighborhood extends further east from the Ruth Hardy Park. These areas started growing in the 1930s as Hollywood movie stars built their smaller getaways from their Los Angeles area estates. Bob Hope, Frank Sinatra, Estée Lauder, and Bing Crosby built homes in these neighborhoods.

In the 1960s, Robert Fey built 70 homes designed by Donald Wexler and Ric Harrison in the El Rancho Vista Estates. Noted residents included Jack LaLanne and comic Andy Dick.

Historic homes in the Warm Sands area date from the 1920s and many were built from adobe. It also includes small resorts and the Ramon Mobile Home Park. Noted residents have included screenwriter Walter Koch, artist Paul Grimm, activist Cleve Jones and actor Wesley Eure.

The Mesa started off as a gated community developed in the 1920s near the Indian Canyons. Noted residents have included King Gillette, Zane Grey, Clark Gable, Carole Lombard, Suzanne Somers, Herman Wouk, Henry Fernandez, Barry Manilow and Trina Turk. Distinctive homes include Wexler's "butterfly houses" and the "Streamline Moderne Ship of the Desert".

Some of the homes in this neighborhood date from the 1930s. The area was owned by Pearl McCallum McManus and she started building homes in the neighborhood after World War II ended. Dr. William Scholl (Dr. Scholl's foot products) owned a 10 acre estate here. Today the neighborhood is the largest neighborhood organization with 600 homes and businesses within its boundaries.

During World War II, the original Sunmor Estates area was the western portion the Palm Springs Army Airfield. Homes here were developed by Robert Higgins and the Alexander Construction Company. Actor and former mayor Frank Bogert bought his home for $16,000 and lived there for more than 50 years.

Impoverished artist Carl Eytel+ first set up his cabin on what would become the Tennis Club in 1937. Another artist in the neighborhood, who built his Moroccan-style "Dar Marrac" estate in 1924, was Gordon Coutts. Other estates include Samuel Untermyer+'s Mediterranean style villa (now The Willows Historic Palm Springs Inn), the Casa Cody Inn, built by Harriet and Harold William Cody (cousin of Buffalo Bill Cody+) and the Ingleside Inn, built in the 1920s by the Humphrey Birge family. The neighborhood now has about 400 homes, condos, apartments, inns and restaurants.

To the west of Palm Canyon Drive are the Vista Las Palmas and Old Las Palmas neighborhoods. These areas also feature distinctive homes and celebrity estates.


US Census population
50
150
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3434
7660
13468
20936
32359
40181
42807
44552

The 2010 United States Census+ reported that Palm Springs had a population of 44,552. The population density+ was 469.1 people per square mile (181.1/km²). The racial makeup of Palm Springs was 33,720 (75.7%) White+ (63.6% Non-Hispanic White), 1,982 (4.4%) African American+, 467 (1.0%) Native American+, 1,971 (4.4%) Asian+, 71 (0.2%) Pacific Islander+, 4,949 (11.1%) from other races+, and 1,392 (3.1%) from two or more races. Hispanic+ or Latino+ of any race were 11,286 persons (25.3%).

The Census reported that 44,013 people (98.8% of the population) lived in households, 343 (0.8%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 196 (0.4%) were institutionalized.

There were 22,746 households, out of which 3,337 (14.7%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 5,812 (25.6%) were opposite-sex married couples+ living together, 1,985 (8.7%) had a female householder with no husband present, 868 (3.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,031 (4.5%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships+, and 2,307 (10.1%) same-sex married couples or partnerships+. 10,006 households (44.0%) were made up of individuals and 4,295 (18.9%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.93. There were 8,665 families+ (38.1% of all households); the average family size was 2.82.

The population was spread out with 6,125 people (13.7%) under the age of 18, 2,572 people (5.8%) aged 18 to 24, 8,625 people (19.4%) aged 25 to 44, 15,419 people (34.6%) aged 45 to 64, and 11,811 people (26.5%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 51.6 years. For every 100 females there were 129.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 133.8 males.

There were 34,794 housing units at an average density of 366.3 per square mile (141.4/km²), of which 13,349 (58.7%) were owner-occupied, and 9,397 (41.3%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 6.7%; the rental vacancy rate was 15.5%. 24,948 people (56.0% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 19,065 people (42.8%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the 2010 United States Census, Palm Springs had a median household income of $45,404, with 15.8% of the population living below the federal poverty line.

As of the 2000 census+, there were 42,807 people, 20,516 households, and 9,457 families residing in the city. The population density+ was 454.2 people per square mile (175.4/km2). There were 30,823 housing units at an average density of 327.0 per square mile (126.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 78.3% White+, 3.9% African American+, 0.9% Native American+, 3.8% Asian+, 0.1% Pacific Islander+, 9.8% from other races+, and 3.1% from two or more races. Hispanic+ or Latino+ of any race were 23.7% of the population.

16.3% of households had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.0% were married couples+ living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 53.9% were non-families. 41.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.1 and the average family size was 2.9.

In the city the population was spread out with 17.0% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 26.4% from 45 to 64, and 26.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females there were 107.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.4 males.

The median income+ for a household in the city was $35,973 and the median income for a family was $45,318. Males had a median income of $33,999 versus $27,461 for females. The per capita income+ for the city was $25,957. The relatively low income reflects the presence of a large retired population and a large population of owners of second homes whose income is not reported. About 11.2% of families and 15.1% of the population were below the poverty line+, including 28.2% of those under age 18 and 6.8% of those age 65 or over.


Palm Springs has one of the highest concentration of same-sex couples of any community in the United States. In the city, 7.2% of households belong to a same-sex couple compared to the national average of 1%. Palm Springs has the fifth-highest percentage of same-sex households in the nation. Former mayor Ron Oden+ estimated that about a third of Palm Springs is gay. Over various times, the city has catered to LGBT+ tourists.

Though celebrities still retreat to Palm Springs, many today establish residences in other areas of the Coachella Valley. The city's economy now relies on tourism+, and local government is largely supported by related retail sales taxes and the TOT (transient occupancy tax). It is a city of numerous festivals, conventions, and international events including the Palm Springs International Film Festival.

The world's largest rotating aerial tramcars (cable cars) can be found at the Palm Springs Aerial Tramway+. These cars, built by Von Roll Tramways+, ascend from Chino Canyon+ two-and-a-half miles up a steep incline to the station at . The San Jacinto Wilderness+ is accessible from the top of the tram+ and there is a restaurant with notable views.

The Palm Springs Convention Center+ underwent a multi-million-dollar expansion and remodeling under Mayor Will Kleindienst. The City Council Sub-Committee of Mayor Kleindienst and City Council Member Chris Mills selected Fentress Bradburn Architects+ from Denver, Colorado+ for the redesign.

Numerous hotels, restaurants and attractions cater to tourists, while shoppers can find a variety of high-end boutiques in downtown and uptown Palm Springs. The city is home to 20 clothing-optional resorts catering to gay men.

* Ace Hotel and Swim Club+ – a renovated mid-20th century motel.
* Bird Medical Technologies+
* Colony Palms Hotel+ – opened in 1936 as The Colonial House by Las Vegas casino owner Al Wertheimer.
* National Business Incorporators, LLC (NBI) (purchased by InCorp Services, Inc.+ in 2006) – a registered agent+ service provider.
* Raven Productions+ – a television production company based in Palm Springs.
** ''Hello Paradise+'' – a weekly television magazine about the Palm Springs area produced by Raven.
** ''Earth Trek+'' – a travel and adventure program produced by Raven.


* The Palm Springs International Film Festival+ and Palm Springs International Festival of Short Films+ ("ShortFest") present movie star-filled, red-carpet affairs in January and June respectively.
* Modernism Week, in February, is a ten-day event featuring mid-century modern architecture through films, lectures, tours and its Modernism Show and Sale.
* Agua Caliente Cultural Museum+ presents its annual Festival of Native Film and Culture at the Camelot Theaters in central Palm Springs.
* The Club Skirts Dinah Shore Weekend+, known as "The Dinah", is a LGBT+ event billed as the "Largest Girl Party in the World" held each March.
* A circuit+ White Party+ is held in April, attracting 10,000 visitors.
* The Arthur Lyons Film Noir+ Festival, co-sponsored by the Palm Springs Cultural Center, is held in May with screenings at the Camelot Theater.
* Palm Springs Desert Resorts Restaurant Week is held every June, featuring 10 days of dining at over 100 restaurants in the Coachella Valley.
* The Palm Springs Black History Committee celebrates Black History Month+ with a parade and town fair in February.
* The Caballeros, a gay men's chorus+ and member of GALA Choruses+, has presented concerts since 1999.

The following three parades, held on Palm Canyon Drive, were created by former Mayor Will Kleindienst:
* Palm Springs Annual Homecoming Parade+ is held on the Wednesday prior to the Friday night Palm Springs High School+ Homecoming Game.
* The city sponsors a Veterans Day+ parade, concert and fireworks display since 1996. It is one of 54 US Department of Veterans Affairs+ designated Regional Sites for the national observance of Veterans Day.
* Since 1992 the Palm Springs Festival of Lights Parade+ is held on the first Saturday of December.

The Fabulous Palm Springs Follies+ is a stage-show at the historic Plaza Theatre+ which features performers that are over the age of 55. ''Still Kicking: The Fabulous Palm Springs Follies+'' is a 1997 Mel Damski+ short documentary film about the Follies. Riff Markowitz+ is the managing director, MC, and co-founder of the Follies.

Starting in 2004, the city worked with downtown businesses to develop the weekly Palm Springs VillageFest. The downtown street fair has been a regular Thursday evening event, drawing tourists and locals alike to Palm Canyon Drive to stroll amid the food and craft vendors.

Events related to films and film-craft are sponsored by the Desert Film Society+.

The city council has established a 7 member commission to promote art in the city. The commission has sponsored several notable public art projects in the city, including:
* (2010) by Konstantin Demopoulos. Ramon Road and Gene Autry Trail
* (2009) by Christopher Georgesco. Palm Canyon Blvd. and Andreas Road
* (2007) by DeL'Esprie
* (2007) by John Clement. 538 N. Palm Canyon Drive
* (1994) by Doug Hyde, corner of Tahquitz and Indian Canyon Way
* "A Personal History of Palm Springs" by Tony Berlant diptych mural+, Convention Center lobby
* "The Batter" by Bill Arms, Baseball stadium
* "Standing Woman" by Felipe Castaneda, Palm Canyon in front of the Historical Society
* "Flight" by Damian Priour, entrance to Bird Medical Technologies on Gene Autry Drive
* "Daimaru XII" by Michael Todd. Convention Center; on lease from the Palm Springs Art Museum
* "Lucy Ricardo" by Emmanuil Snitkovsky. Tahquitz Canyon at Palm Canyon
* "Desert Highland Mural Project" by Richard Wyatt. Desert Highland Unity Center, Tramview Road
* "Desert Reflections by Phill Evans. City Dog Park
* "Nines and Elevens" by James Jared Taylor III. Demuth Park
* "Charlie Farrell" by George Montgomery. Palm Springs International Airport
* "Rainmaker" by David Morris. Fountain, Frances Stevens Park
* "Lawn Chair" by Blue McRight. Pepper Tree Inn
* "Whirlwind" by Gary Slater. Ruth Hardy Park
* "Wave Rhythms" by John Mishler. Sunrise Park

* Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians+
** Agua Caliente Cultural Museum+ (presently located downtown at the Village Green)
** Indian Canyons (Palm Canyon, Andreas Canyon, Murray Canyon)
** Tahquitz Canyon+
** Agua Caliente Casino+ in Rancho Mirage
** Spa Resort Casino, which is based on the original hot springs of the town
* ''Forever Marilyn+'' sculpture by Seward Johnson+ in downtown Palm Springs (presently in New Jersey for a Seward Johnson exhibition)
* Moorten Botanical Garden and Cactarium+
* Palm Springs Historical Society Museums (and Village Green)
** Miss Cornelia White's "Little House"+ (railroad ties+ from the defunct Palmdale Railroad+ were used to build the house)
** The McCallum Adobe – the oldest remaining building, built in 1884
** Ruddy's General Store Museum – a 1930s general store
* Palm Springs Air Museum+ – located at the Palm Springs International Airport
* Palm Springs Art Museum+ – originally developed as the Desert Museum
** Annenberg Theater
* Palm Springs Walk of Stars+
* San Jacinto Mountains+
** Cactus to Clouds Trail+ – leads from the Art Museum to San Jacinto Peak+
** Mount San Jacinto State Park+
** Palm Springs Aerial Tramway+
** Santa Rosa and San Jacinto Mountains National Monument+
* Children's Discovery Museum of the Desert – in Rancho Mirage+
* Living Desert Zoo and Gardens+ – in Palm Desert
* Joshua Tree National Park+
** Little San Bernardino Mountains+
Numerous galleries and studios are located in the city and region. The California Art Club+ has a chapter in Palm Springs. The Desert Art Center of Coachella Valley was established in Palm Springs in 1950.
* Delos Van Earle's "Jungle Red" (Warm Sands neighborhood)



Palm Springs is home to the Palm Springs POWER+, a semi-pro collegiate league baseball team composed of college all-stars of the Southern California Collegiate Baseball Association+. It has a winter league baseball team, the Palm Springs Chill+ of the California Winter League (2010)+ consists of five other teams: the Power winter team, the Canada A's+ or "Cats", Coachella Valley Snowbirds+, Palm Desert Coyotes+ and the Oriental Express+. Formerly they were of the Arizona Winter League+ which includes the Blythe Heat+ and the Bluesox+ of Blythe, California+. The League plays its games in Palm Springs Stadium+ and also in Boone Field of the College of the Desert+ in Palm Desert+.

The Palm Springs stadium was once the spring training site of the Major League Baseball+ California Angels (now the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim+) of the American League+ from 1961 to 1993. The stadium also hosted spring training of the Oakland A's+ and Chicago White Sox+, and the 1950s minor league Seattle Rainiers+ of the Pacific Coast League+ also trained there.

The Palm Springs area features a number of sporting events including the BNP Paribas Open+, one of the most significant tennis events in the world, after the four Grand Slam tournaments.

The Easter Bowl, sponsored by the United States Tennis Association+ for Juniors has been held in the Palm Springs area in 2008, 2009, and 2010.


With more golf courses than any other region in California, Coachella Valley is the most popular golf vacation destination in California. Early golf courses in Palm Springs were the O'Donnell Golf Club (built by oil magnate Thomas A. O'Donnell+) and the El Mirador Hotel course, both of which opened in the 1920s. After the Cochran-Odlum (Indio) and Shadow Mountain pitch and putt+ courses were built after World II, the first 18-hole golf course in the area was the Thunderbird Country Club, established 1951 in Rancho Mirage. Thunderbird was designed by golf course architects Lawrence Hughes and Johnny Dawson+ and in 1955+ it hosted the 11th Ryder Cup+ championship.

In the 1970s the area had over 40 courses and in 2001 the 100th course was opened. The area is also home to the PGA Tour+'s Humana Challenge+ in partnership with the Clinton Foundation+ (formerly the Bob Hope Chrysler Classic), the LPGA's Kraft Nabisco Championship+ and the Canadian Tour+'s Desert Dunes Classic.
The Palm Springs AYSO Region 80 plays in Section 1H of the American Youth Soccer Organization+.

The Desert Fire Cats+ women's football team plays in Palm Springs. They were scheduled to play in the Independent Women's Football League+ in 2011, but the team's season was cancelled and they moved to play as an affiliate team in the Women's Spring Football League+.


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* City parks include:
** Baristo Park
** DeMuth Park
** Desert Healthcare (Wellness) Park
** James O. Jessie Desert Highland Unity Center
** Dog Park (behind city hall)
** Frances Stevens Park
** Ruth Hardy Park
** Sunrise Park
** Victoria Park


* The Palm Springs Desert Ice Palace ice skating rink opened in nearby Cathedral City in October 2011.* Boomers!+ is a family entertainment center+ in Cathedral City.
* A city skatepark+ was designed after the noted Nude Bowl+.
* CNL Financial Group+ operates the Wet'n'Wild Palm Springs+ water park in the summer. (Formerly operated as Knott's Soak City+ by Cedar Fair Entertainment Company+.)

In 1931 the Desert Riders was established. Starting off as a social organization for the cream of Palm Springs society, the group sponsors horseback riding and trail building for equestrians, hikers, and bicyclists. The Desert Riders were also significant in providing combination chuckwagon+ meals and rides through nearby canyons to hotel guests as Palm Springs developed its tourist industry.



Business owners in the village first established a Palm Springs Board of Trade in 1918, followed by a chamber of commerce+; the City itself was established by election in 1938 and converted to a charter city+, with a charter adopted by the voters in 1994.

Presently the city has a council-manager type government+, with a five-person city council that hires a city manager+ and city attorney+. The mayor is directly elected and serves a four-year term. The other four council members also serve four-year terms, with staggered elections. The city is considered a full-service city, in that it staffs and manages its own police and fire departments including parks and recreation programs, public library, sewer system and wastewater treatment plant, international airport, and planning and building services.

The city government is a member of the Southern California Association of Governments+.

The current mayor is Steve Pougnet+, elected in 2007 and returned to office in 2011. Pougnet succeeded Ron Oden+, the city's first African-American and openly gay+ mayor in the city's history (2003–07). Palm Springs' longest-tenured mayor was Frank Bogert+ (1958–66 and 1982–88), but the best-known mayor in the city's history was Sonny Bono+. Bono served from 1988 to 1992 and was eventually elected to the U.S. Congress.

Palm Springs is in Supervisorial District 4 of Riverside County+ represented by John J. Benoit+.

In the 1980s a plan for a new county was proposed for eastern Riverside County. The proposed Cahuilla County, California+ was not adopted.

In the California State Legislature+, Palm Springs is in , and in .

In the United States House of Representatives+, Palm Springs is in .


Public education in Palm Springs is under the jurisdiction of the Palm Springs Unified School District+, an independent district with five board members. The Palm Springs High School+ is the oldest school in the district, built in 1938. Originally it was a K–12 school in 1920s and had the College of the Desert+ campus from 1958 to 1964. The Raymond Cree Middle School opened in the 1930s.

Elementary schools in Palm Springs include:
* Cahuilla Elementary School
* Cielo Vista Charter School
* Katherine Finchy Elementary School (received a U.S. Department of Education+ National Blue Ribbon+ award in 2011)
* Vista del Monte Elementary School

Alternative education+ is provided by the Ramon Alternative Center.

Private schools in Palm Springs and nearby communities include Desert Chapel Christian School (K-12+), Desert Adventist Academy (K–8), Sacred Heart School (PS-8), St. Theresa (PreK–8), King's School – formerly known as Palm Valley School (K–8), Desert Christian (K–12), Marywood-Palm Valley School, and The Academy

In 2006 the Roman Catholic Diocese of San Bernardino+ built the Xavier College Preparatory High School+ in Palm Desert.

The Desert Community College District, headquartered with its main campus, College of the Desert+, is located in Palm Desert. California State University, San Bernardino+ and University of California, Riverside+ used to have satellite campuses available within the College of the Desert campus, but now have their own buildings in Palm Desert.

Private post-secondary education institutions include Brandman University+ (branch in Palm Desert), California Desert Trial Academy College of Law (in Indio), Kaplan College+ (Palm Springs), University of Phoenix+ (Palm Desert), Mayfield College (Cathedral City), and California Nurses Educational Institute (Palm Springs).Council on Occupational Education+



Palm Springs is the 144th largest TV market as defined by AC Nielsen+. The Palm Springs DMA+ is unique among TV markets as it is entirely located within only a small portion of Riverside County. Also, while most areas received their first local television stations during the 1950s, Palm Springs did not receive its first TV stations until October 1968 when stations KPLM-TV (now KESQ) and KMIR-TV debuted. Prior to that time, Palm Springs was served by TV stations from the Los Angeles market, which were carried on the local cable system that began operations in the 1950s and which predated the emergence of local broadcast stations by more than a decade.

TV stations serving the Palm Springs and Coachella Valley area include:
* KESQ-TV+ ABC+, Channel 42 (Channel 3 on cable)
* KMIR-TV+ NBC-TV+, Channel 36 (Channel 6 on cable)
* KPSP-CD+ CBS+, on Channel 38 (Channel 2 on cable)

The CW+, Fox+, My Network+, PBS+ and other networks are covered by low power TV stations in the market.

Additionally, Palm Springs and the surrounding area are served by AM and FM radio stations including the following:
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* KCLB-FM+
* KCRI+
* KCWQ-LP+
* KDES-FM+
* KDGL+
* KESQ (AM)+
* KEZN+
* KFSQ+
* KGAM (AM)+
* KHCS+
* KJJZ+
* KKUU+
* KLOB+
* KMRJ+
* KNWZ/KNWQ+
* KPLM+
* KPSC (FM)+
* KPSH+
* KPSI (AM)+ and KPSI-FM+
* KPTR+
* KRCK-FM+
* KSUT+
* KUNA-FM+
* KVLA-FM+
* KWXY+
* KXPS+


* ''The Desert Sun+'' is the local daily newspaper serving Palm Springs and the Coachella Valley region.
* ''Desert Magazine+'' is a monthly lifestyle magazine delivered to 40,000 homes.
* The ''Desert Star Weekly+'' (formerly the ''Desert Valley Star'') is published in Desert Hot Springs.
* The ''Desert Daily Guide'' is a weekly LGBT+ periodical.
* ''Palm Springs Life'' is a monthly magazine; it also has publications on El Paseo Drive+ shopping in Palm Desert, desert area entertainment, homes, health, culture and arts, golf, plus annual issues on weddings and dining out.
* The ''Palm Springs Villager'' was published in the early 20th century until 1959.
* The ''Palm Canyon Times''+ was published from 1993–1996.
* The ''Desert Post Weekly'' – Cathedral City.
* ''The Public Record'' – Palm Desert, is a business and public affairs weekly.


One of the first transportation routes for Palm Springs was on the Bradshaw Trail+, an historic overland stage coach+ route from San Bernardino+ to La Paz, Arizona+. The Bradshaw Trail operated from 1862 to 1877.

Modern transportation services include:
* Palm Springs International Airport+ serves Palm Springs and the Coachella Valley.
** Historical note: during World War II it was operated as the Palm Springs Army Airfield+.
* SunLine Transit Agency+ provides bus service+ in the Coachella Valley.
* Morongo Basin Transit Authority+ provides bus service to and from Morongo Basin+ communities.
* Amtrak+'s ''Sunset Limited+'' and ''Texas Eagle+'' form a single train which stops thrice weekly at the Palm Springs Amtrak station+.
** Amtrak's Thruway Motorcoach+ connects Palm Springs to Bakersfield, Claremont, Indio, La Crescenta, Ontario, Pasadena, Riverside and San Bernardino. A city curbside Thruway bus stop is located at 3400 East Tahquitz Canyon Way.
** Historical note: the Southern Pacific Railroad+ ''Argonaut''+ served Palm Springs from 1926 to 1961.
* Greyhound Bus Lines+ has a stop (no ticketing) at the Palm Springs Amtrak station.

Highways include:
: – California State Route 111+, which intersects the city.
: – Interstate 10+ runs north of the city.
: – The Pines to Palms Scenic Byway+ (California State Route 74) runs from the coast, over the San Jacinto Mountains to nearby Palm Desert.
: – California State Route 62+ (a Blue Star Memorial Highway+) intersects I-10 north-west of the city and runs north to San Bernardino County and the Colorado River.

In 1890 the Jane Augustine Patencio Cemetery+ was established on Tahquitz Way with the burial of Jane Augustine Patencio. It is maintained by the Agua Caliente Tribe.

The Welwood Murray Cemetery+ was started by hotel operator Welwood Murray+ in 1894 when his son died. accessed October 10, 2011 It is maintained by the Palm Springs Cemetery District, which also maintains the Desert Memorial Park+ in Cathedral City.

Also in Cathedral City is the Forest Lawn Cemetery+, maintained by Forest Lawn Memorial-Parks and Mortuaries+.


Over 300 Palm Springs residents have been recognized on the Palm Springs Walk of Stars+.



Besides its tradition of mid-century modern+ architecture, Palm Springs and the region features numerous noted architects. Other (non-Mid-Century Modern) include Edward H. Fickett+, Haralamb H. Georgescu+, Howard Lapham+, and Karim Rashid+.



The Palm Springs area has been a filming location+, topical setting+, and storyline subject+ for many films, television shows, and literature.


* Leonore Annenberg+ and Walter Annenberg+ – Rancho Mirage residents involved in Palm Springs activities. Their Sunnylands+ estate hosted many dignitaries and celebrities.
* History of the Jews in the U.S. – Palm Springs+ – for information about the Jewish community in Palm Springs.
* ''Pumila+'' – an extinct iguanid+ from the Palm Springs area.
* United States cities by crime rate (40,000 – 60,000)+ – for a comparative table on crime rates in Palm Springs



* Palm Springs in general, history, culture, and city
** title=Times of Change: The Growth of Palm Springs from Village to Suburbia, 1945–1955114|oclc=33434649|publisher=Claremont McKenna College Senior Thesis X190
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** (Originally published in 1961 as ''A Look into Palm Springs' Past'' by Santa Fe Federal Savings and Loan Assoc. )
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* Cahuilla Indian further reading
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** A reprint of Ringwald's Pulitzer Prize–winning articles concerning the scandal of Section 14 of the Agua Caliente Indian Reservation.

Commons category:

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Geographic location
Palm Springs
Morongo Valley+
North Palm Springs
Desert Hot Springs+
Cathedral City+
Rancho Mirage+
''Agua Caliente Indian Canyons+''
Idyllwild-Pine Cove+
Mountain Center+
''San Jacinto Mountains+''
''Chino Canyon+''
''San Jacinto Mountains+''
Whitewater+
Cabazon+


Inland Empire:
Riverside County, California:
Coachella Valley TV:
Palm Springs Radio:

Palm Springs, California+ Palm Springs is a desert resort city in Riverside County, California, within the Coachella Valley. It is located approximately 55 mi (89 km) east of San Bernardino, 107 mi (172 km) east of Los Angeles, 123 mi (198 km) northeast of San Diego, and 268 mi (431 km) west of Phoenix, Arizona.