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two other uses|the municipality in Maharashtra, India|its namesake district|Pune district

settlement
Pune
पुणे
| native_name_lang =mr


From top: Fergusson College+, Mahatma Gandhi Road+ (left), Shaniwarwada+ (right), the HSBC Global Technology India Headquarters+, and the National War Memorial Southern Command+
Queen of the Deccan, Oxford of the East, Pensioners' paradise.
Pune is in the western part of India, in the northwest of Maharashtra province.
Pune
पुणे
India Maharashtra
18 31 13 N
73 51 24 E
inline,title
Country
India+
State
Maharashtra+
District+
Pune+
Mayor–Council+
Mayor+
Chanchala Kodre
Municipal Commissioner
Mahesh Pathak
Member of Parliament+
Anil Shirole+ (Lok Sabha+)
Metric
7th
710
560
2014
auto
50,49,968
Metro rank
7th+
| population_metro_footnotes =
Punekar
Official language+
Marathi+
other language+
hindi,english+
IST+
+5:30
Postal Index Number+
411 0xx
+91-20+
MH 12(Pune), MH 14(PCMC),(MH 53'Pune South'and MH 54 'Pune North')Upcoming.





It is situated above sea level+ on the Deccan plateau+ at the right bank of the Mutha river+. Pune city is the administrative headquarters of Pune district+ and was once the center of power of the Maratha Empire+.

Pune is known to have existed as a town since 847 AD. It was the first capital of the Maratha Empire under Chhatrapati Shivaji Raje Bhosale+. In the 18th century, Pune became the political centre of Indian subcontinent+, as the seat of Peshwa+s who were the prime ministers of the Maratha Empire.

Pune is sometimes considered the cultural capital of Maharashtra. Since the 1950-60s, Pune has had traditional old-economy industries which continue to grow. The city is now also known for Manufacturing, Automobile, Government and Private sector Research Institutes, Information technology (IT) as well as Educational, Management and Training institutes that attract migrants, students and professionals not only from India but also from South East Asia, Middle East and African countries.

The name ''Pune'' is derived from Modi+ ''Puṇyanagari'' (पुण्यनगरी) (City of Virtue). The oldest reference to this name was found on a Rashtrakuta Dynasty+ copper plate dated 937 C.E., which refers to the town as ''Punya-Vishaya'' or ''Poonak-Vishaya'' (पुण्य – विष्य).

By the 13th century, it had come to be known as ''Punawadi'' (पुनवडी).
Till the 1960s the official name of the city was Poona which then changed to Pune.



Copper plates dated 858 AD and 868 AD show that by the 8th century an agricultural settlement known as ''Punnaka'' existed where Pune is today. The plates indicate that this region was ruled by the Rashtrakuta dynasty. The Pataleshwar+ rock-cut temple complex was built during this era.

Pune was part of the Seuna Yadavas of Devagiri+ from the 9th century to 1327. In 1595, Maloji Raje Bhosale was appointed the jagir+dar of Pune by the Mughal Empire+. It was ruled by the Ahmadnagar Sultanate+ until being annexed by the Mughals in the 17th century.

In 1626, Shahaji+ Raje+ Bhosale+ (father of'' Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj+'') appointed Rango Bapuji Dhadphale as the administrator of Pune. He was one of the first and the main developer of the town, overseeing many construction of some markets and residential areas+ like the Kasba Peth+, Somwar Peth+, Raviwar Peth+ and Shaniwar Peth+. After the destruction of the town in raids by the Adil Shahi dynasty+ in 1630 and again in 1636 to 1647, Dadu Kondadev Kulkarni+, an administrative servant of Shahaji, oversaw redevelopment and construction of the area. He stabilized the revenue and administration system of Pune and the neighboring towns of Maval+ . In addition, he developed effective methods to manage disputes and to enforce law and order. Construction began in 1631 on the Lal Mahal+. The Lal Mahal was completed in 1640. Jijabai is said to have commissioned the building of the Kasba Ganapati+ temple. The Ganesha+ idol consecrated at this temple was and is regarded as the presiding deity (''gramadevata+'') of the city.

Shivaji was crowned Chhatrapati+ in 1674 thus founding the Maratha Empire+. He oversaw further development in Pune, including the construction of the Guruwar Peth+, Somwar Peth+, Ganesh Peth+ and Ghorpade Peth+. Shivaji encouraged development of dams in Parvati and Kondhwa regions of Pune for agriculture purposes. Pune and surrounding villages later provided manpower for Shivaji's efforts to build an army during the period from 1645 to 1680. Between 1660 and 1670 the town was captured by Mughal General Shahista Khan+, but was recaptured by the Maratha+s in 1670 after the Battle of Sinhagad+. During the 27-year long conflict+ between the Marathas and the Mughal+s, the town was occupied by Aurangzeb+ from 1703 to 1705; during this time the name of the town was changed to "Muhiyabad". Two years later, the Marathas recaptured Sinhagad fort and later Pune city from the Mughals as had been done in 1670.



In 1720, Baji Rao I+ was appointed Peshwa+ (Prime Minister) of the Maratha Empire, ruled by Chhatrapati Shahu of Satara. He selected Pune as his base and started construction of Shaniwar Wada+ on the right bank of the Mutha river+. The construction was completed in 1730, ushering in the era of Peshwa control of the city. The patronage of the Maratha+ Peshwas resulted in the construction of many temples and bridges in the city, including the Lakdi Pul and the temples on Parvati Hill+. Bajirao Peshwa also constructed an underground aqueduct to bring water from Katraj Lake to Shaniwar Wada. The aqueduct is still operational. Pune prospered as a city during the reign of Nanasaheb Peshwa+. He developed Saras Baug+, Heera Baug, Parvati Hill+ and new commercial, trading and residential localilties. Sadashiv Peth+, Narayan Peth+, Rasta Peth+ and Nana Peth+ were developed in this era. The Peshwas fell into decline after their defeat in the 1761 Battle of Panipat+. In 1802, Pune was captured by Yashwantrao Holkar+ in the Battle of Pune+, directly precipitating the Second Anglo-Maratha War+ of 1803–1805. During this period Sardar Apajiram Sahasrebudhe was the Kotwal of city (further adopted Kotwal as surname)


The Third Anglo-Maratha War+ broke out between the Marathas and the British+ in 1817. The Peshwas were defeated at the Battle of Khadki+ (then spelt ''Kirkee'') on 5 November near Pune and the city was seized by the British. It was placed under the administration of the Bombay Presidency+ and the British built a large military cantonment+ to the east of the city (now used by the Indian Army+). The Pune Municipality was established in 1858. Navi Peth+, Ganj Peth+ and Mahatma Phule Peth+ were developed during the British Raj+.

Pune was an important centre in the social and religious reform movements of the late 19th century. Prominent social reformers and freedom fighters lived here, including Bal Gangadhar Tilak+, Vitthal Ramji Shinde+, Dhondo Keshav Karve+ and Mahatma Jyotirao Phule+ and Dr. Raghunath Karve+. Vinayak Damodar Savarkar+ resided in Pune when he enrolled in Fergusson College+ in 1902.

In late 1896, Pune was hit by bubonic plague+. By the end of February 1897, the epidemic was raging with a mortality rate twice the norm and half the city's population fled. A Special Plague Committee was formed under the chairmanship of W.C. Rand, an Indian Civil Services+ officer. He brought troops to deal with the emergency. Although these measures were unpopular, the epidemic was under control by May. On 22 June 1897, during the Diamond Jubilee celebration of the coronation of Queen Victoria+, Rand and his military escort were killed by the Chapekar brothers+. A memorial to the Chapekar brothers exists at the spot on Ganeshkhind Road (University Road) between the Reserve Bank and the Agricultural College.

Pune was prominently associated with the struggle for Indian independence. In the period 1875 and 1910, the city was a major centre of agitation and social reforms led by Mahatma Jyotirao Phule+, Gopal Krishna Gokhale+ and Bal Gangadhar Tilak+, as well as feminist Tarabai Shinde+. They demanded the abolition of caste prejudice, equal rights for women, harmony between the Hindu and Muslim communities, better schools for the poor and complete independence from Britain. Mohandas Gandhi+ was imprisoned at Yerwada Central Jail+ several times and placed under house arrest at the Aga Khan Palace+ in 1942–44, where both his wife and aide Mahadev Desai+ died.

After Indian independence in 1947+ from Britain Pune saw a lot of development, such as the establishment of the National Defence Academy+ at Khadakwasla+ and the National Chemical Laboratory+ at Pashan+. Pune serves as the headquarters of the Southern Command+ of the Indian Army+. Industrial development started in the 1950s and '60s in Hadapsar+, Bhosari+, Pimpri+, and Parvati+. Telco (now Tata Motors+) started operations in 1961, which gave a huge boost to the automobile sector.

In July 1961, the Panshet+ and Khadakwasla+ dams broke and their waters flooded the city, destroying most of the older sections of town, facilitating the introduction of modern town planning concepts and the development of parts of Pune. The economy of the city witnessed a boom in the construction and manufacturing sectors. By 1966, the city had expanded in all directions.

In 1990 Pune began to attract foreign capital, particularly in the information technology and engineering industries; new businesses like floriculture+ and food processing+, Wineries started to take root in and around the city. In 1998, work on the six-lane Mumbai-Pune expressway+ began, the expressway being completed in 2001. IT Parks were established in Aundh+, Hinjawadi+ and on Nagar Road+. In 2008 the Commonwealth Youth Games+ took place in Pune, which encouraged additional development in the northwest region of the city.

In July 2009, India's first death due to H1 N1+ occurred in Pune. Later the city became an epicentre of swine flu due to the large number of H1 N1 cases.

On 13 February 2010, a bomb exploded+ at the German Bakery+ in the upmarket Koregaon Park+ neighbourhood on the east side of Pune, killing 17 and injuring 60. The explosion is now suspected to be an improvised explosive device+ using an ammonium nitrate fuel oil mix. The blast was a first in what was until then the relatively safe environment of Pune.
During June first week of 2013, heavy rainfall caused casualties, landslide near Katraj Ghat very near to city limit believed to be "Modern South Gate" of the city. This unfortunate incident highlighted need of preservation of hills and prevention of encroachment on natural water resources .




Pune is located above sea level+ on the western margin of the Deccan plateau+. It is situated on the leeward side of the Sahyadri+ mountain range, which forms a barrier from the Arabian sea+. It is a hilly city, with its tallest hill, Vetal Hill+, rising to above sea level+. Just outside the city, the Sinhagad+ fort is located at an altitude of 1300 m. It lies between 18° 32"North latitude and 73° 51"East longitude.

Central Pune is located at the confluence of the Mula+ and Mutha river+s. The Pavana+ and Indrayani river+s, tributaries of the Bhima river+, traverse the northwestern outskirts of metropolitan Pune.

Pune lies very close to the seismically active zone around Koyna Dam+, about south of the city, and has been rated in Zone 3+ (on a scale of 2 to 5, with 5 being the most prone to earthquakes) by the India Meteorological Department+. Pune has experienced some moderate-intensity and many low-intensity earthquakes in its history.

Earthquakes felt in Pune with a magnitude of more than 3.0 are listed below.

! Date !! Magnitude !! Epicenter

| 17 May 2004 | 3.2 | Katraj+ Region, Pune, Maharashtra

| 30 July 2008 | 4.2 | Koyna Dam+, Koynanagar+, Maharashtra

| 14 April 2012 | 4.9| Satara district+, Maharashtra
|


The city of Pune can be divided into the following zones:
|+ Pune Neighborhood
! Zone!! Neighbourhood!! Description

| Old City| The seventeen Peths+ (markets) of Pune |These were established and developed during the Maratha+ and Peshwa+ rule, and are referred to as the old city.

| New City – Inner District| Deccan Gymkhana+, Erandwane and Shivajinagar+ in the west; Camp+, Bund Garden+ and Koregaon Park+ in the east; Swargate+, Parvati Hill+, Sahakarnagar, Mukund Nagar+, Maharshi Nagar, Gultekdi and Salisbury Park to the south. | Bounded on the north by the Mula-Mutha+ river.

| New City – Outer District| Khadki+, Aundh+ and Ganeshkhind in the northwest; Kothrud+ and Paud Road+ in the west; Dattawadi, Anandnagar, Sahakarnagar and Dhankawadi in the southwest; Bibwewadi+ and Lullanagar in the southeast; Yerwada+, Chandan Nagar, Wadgaon Sheri+(including Kalyani Nagar+, Viman Nagar+ and Shastri Nagar), Kharadi+ in the northeast; Vishrantwadi+ in the north; Ghorpadi, Fatimanagar+, Wanowrie and Hadapsar+ South to the east.| Several educational institutes are located in the Kothrud, Nagar Road, Bund Garden Road and Dhankawadi neighbourhoods

| Suburbs| Baner+, Balewadi+ and Pashan+ in the northwest; Bavdhan+ and Warje+ in the west; Wadgaon Budrukh+ in the southwest; Katraj+, Wanawadi, NIBM+, Lullanagar, Kondhwa, Undri and Mohammedwadi in the southeast; Wagholi+, Mundhwa+ and Manjri+ in the east; Dhanori and Kalas to the north..| Kharadi and Hadapsar are home to large IT parks.

| Proposed Expansion| Mahalunge+, Sus, Bavdhan Budrukh+, Kirkatwadi, Pisoli, Lohegaon+, Kondhwe Dhavde, Kopare, Nande, Uttam Nagar, Khadakwasla+, Sadesatra Nali+, Manjri, Narhe, Shivane+, Ambegaon Khurd+, Undri, Dhayari+, Ambegaon Budruk+, Urali Devachi+, Mantarwadi, Holkarwadi, Authade (Handewadi), Wadachiwadi, Shiwalewadi, Phursungi+ and Yeolewadi| 28 new villages are to be merged in PMC limits
|

The Pune Metropolitan Area+ also includes the following areas, located roughly to the northwest of Pune city. These are administered by the Pimpri-Chinchwad Municipal Corporation+.
|+ Pimpri-Chinchwad Area
! Zone!! Neighbourhood!! Description

| Pimpri+ and its surroundings| Pimpri industrial area+, Pimprigaon+, Chikhli+, Kalewadi+, Kasarwadi, Phugewadi and Pimple Saudagar+| Pimpri industrial area+ and other residential areas are included in this zone. Pimple Saudagar+ has become new hub of residential area within the limits of Pimpri-Chinchwad+ because its proximity to Hinjewadi IT Park

| Chinchwad+ and its surroundings| Chinchwadgaon+, Thergaon+, Tathawade| Industrial cum residential area

| Dapodi+ and its surroundings| Old Sangvi, Wakad+, Hinjawadi+, Pimple Nilakh, Pimple Gurav+ and New Sangvi+| Industrial area in Hinjawadi+ and other area are residential area. Information Technology (IT) parks at Hinjawadi+ area

| Bhosari+ and its surroundings| Bhosari+, Moshi+, Dighi, Dudulgaon and Charholi Budruk+| Industrial areas are at Moshi and Dighi others are residential areas

| Nigdi+, Akurdi and its surroundings| Akurdi+, Nigdi+, Ravet, Talawade+| Residential area. Information Technology (IT) parks at Talawade+ area
|

Pune has a hot semi-arid climate+ (BSh) bordering with tropical wet and dry+ (Aw) with average temperatures ranging between .

Pune experiences three seasons: summer, monsoon+ and a winter.

Typical summer months are from March to May, with maximum temperatures ranging from . The warmest month in Pune is April; although summer doesn't end until May, the city often receives heavy thundershower+s in May (and humidity remains high). Even during the hottest months, the nights are usually cool due to Pune's high altitude. The highest temperature ever recorded was on 30 April 1897.

The monsoon lasts from June to October, with moderate rainfall and temperatures ranging from . Most of the of annual rainfall in the city fall between June and September, and July is the wettest month of the year. Hailstorms are also common in this region.

Winter begins in November; November in particular is referred to as the Rosy Cold (literal translation) ( while night temperature is below for most of December and January, often dropping to . The lowest temperature ever recorded was on 17 January 1935.

Pune weatherbox:

IndiaCensusPop
Pune growth
73209
118886
129751
161390
153320
133227
488419
606777
856105
1203351
1566651
2540069
6226959

Source: Census of India+, Imperial Gazetteer of India+

As per the 2011 Census of India+ estimate, the population of the Pune urban agglomeration is 6,226,959. The population of Pune on 19 May 2014 is approximately 8,242,142. (Extrapolated from a population of 3,337,481 on 31 July 2009 and a population of 6,115,431 on 30 September 2012.) According to recent estimates, Growth of Population in Pune is 12% every year. This includes the towns of Khadki+, Pimpri-Chinchwad+ and Dehu+. Growth in the software and education sectors has led to an influx of skilled labour from across India. The population of the urban agglomeration was estimated to be around 4,485,000 in 2005. The migrating population rose from 43,900 in 2001 to 88,200 in 2005. According to the Pune Municipal Corporation, 40% of the population lived in slums+ in 2001.
The sharp increase in censorial decade of 1991–2001 can be attributed to the absorption of 38 fringe villages into the city. Average literacy rate of Pune in 2011 were 86.15 compared to 80.45 of 2001.

Marathi+ is the official and most widely spoken language, while Hindi+ and English are understood and spoken. Pune has a great Marathi influence as it was the bastion of the Maratha Empire+. Like most of the cities, Pune is also one of the cities in India having majority of Hindu+ population with 70% Hindus. Central Pune+ has Brahmin+ majority. Pune also has a good Muslim and Christian population.
The city has proportionately large no. of students and young professional populations than Metros or any other city in India.

Hinduism+, Islam+, Buddhism+ and Jainism+ Zoroastrianism+ are major religions in Pune with 72%, 12%, 10%, 2.5% and 0.2% of the population following them. About 2% of the population follows Christianity.
52.3% of Pune's population is in the 15–59 years age category. Around 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.
bar box
|title=Religions in Pune
|titlebar=#Fcd116
|left1=Religion
|right1=Percent
|float=right






|caption=Distribution of religions

, atheists+ (<0.5%).




Hinduism+ is the dominant religion in Pune. Many Churches, Masjids+, Gurudwaras, Buddhist+ Viharas, Jain temples and other religious buildings are found throughout the city. The most prominent communities include Marathas+, Mahars+, Mali, Brahmin+, Marwari+s, Marwari Jains, Punjabi+ and Sindhi people+, along with the local communities. The most prominent Hindu temple in Pune is the Parvati Temple+, located on Parvati hill and visible from most of the inner suburbs. The most visited temple is likely the Chaturshringi Temple+, located on the slopes of a hill in the northwest of the city. During Navratri+, there is a large procession to this temple and worshippers gather from around the country to pray here. The presiding god of Pune city is the Kasba Ganpati+, whose temple is found in Kasba Peth+ in central Pune. Sarasbaug Ganpati+ is also a prominent landmark in Pune.

The Pataleshwar Temple+ is believed to be one of the oldest temples in the city.

Since 1894, Pune has celebrated Ganesh Chaturthi+ as a ten-day long festival, in which most neighbourhoods put up a ''pandal+'' (tent) with an idol of Ganesha, often amidst a religious setting, complete with decorative lights and festive music. This festival culminates with a parade of Ganesh idols from across the city carried to the local rivers to be immersed (''Ganesh visarjan''). The Kasba Ganapati, as the presiding deity of the city, is the first in this parade. The idea of a public celebration was initiated by Bal Gangadhar Tilak+ in Pune, and has since spread to many other cities, particularly Mumbai+, which now has a parade every year.

Religious persons, like Dnyaneshwar+ and the revolutionary spiritual poet Sant Tukaram+ Maharaj, were born near Pune. Their link to the city is commemorated with an annual pilgrimage to Pandharpur+, 300 kilometres away, consisting of a litter+ of both figures being carried to the main temple+ of the Hindu god Vithoba+. The pilgrimage is timed to end on the auspicious day of ''Aashadhi Ekadashi+''

Islam is the second largest religion in Pune. Pune has a large number of Mosques, the most prominent of which are Chand Tara Masjid, Jaama Masjid and Azam Campus Masjid. Chand Tara Masjid, located in Nana Peth+, is one of the biggest and most important mosques in Pune as it is the city headquarters (''markaz'') for the Tablighi Jamaat+. The Eid-gah Maidan located near Golibar Maidan+ on Shankar Sheth Road+ witnesses a large gathering of people for Eid+ namaz+ on Eid al-Fitr+ and Eid al-Adha+.

There are a significant number of Christians residing in Pune. The Roman Catholic Diocese of Pune+ (Latin: Poonen (sis)) is located here. It is a part of the Ecclesiastical+ province of Mumbai established in 1854 as the Apostolic Vicariate of Pune from the Apostolic Vicariate of Bombay. On 1 September 1886 it was promoted to the Diocese of Pune.

Protestantism arrived in the 18th century when the British took over from the Maratha Empire. American missionaries were the first to start evangelising local people, building many churches and schools in Pune. Pune's Christians are also called Marathi Christians because of their use of the Marathi language+. The ''Vineyard Workers' Church'' is a popular place of Christian worship in Dapodi+, a village near Pune.

Pune is known for its Marathi-speaking Jews. The Ohel David Synagogue (popularly known as ''Lal Deval'' in Marathi or ''Red Temple'') built by David Sassoon+ is renowned. David Sassoon died in the city in 1864.

The Shrutisagar Ashram+, located at Phulgaon+ off the Nagar road, houses the Vedanta Research Centre+ and a unique temple of Dakshinamurthy+, located near the confluence of the Bhima+, Bhama+ and Indrayani+ rivers. It was established in 1989 by Swami Swaroopanand Saraswati. Here one can find detailed explanations of ''śruti+'' and ''smriti+'' (including the Vedas+, Bhagavad Gita+, Upanishads+ and Puranas+) in Marathi and English.


Pune has been associated with several significant spiritual teachers. Osho+ lived and taught in Pune for much of the 1970s and 1980s. The Osho International Meditation Resort+, one of the world's largest spiritual centres, is located in the Koregaon Park area. It has visitors from over a hundred countries. Perfect Masters, lived the final 25 years of her life in Pune. She was an Afghan+ Muslim noted for her great age and outdoor existence. She established her final residence first under an '''Azadirachta indica+'' tree near Bukhari Shah's mosque in Rasta Peth+ and later another ''A. indica'' tree in the then-dilapidated section of Pune called Char Bawdi+ where she remained the rest of her life. There is a shrine erected in her honour in Pune, around the tree under which she made her final home.

The ISKCON+ movement has a presence in the city at the Sri Radha Kunjbihari Mandir.

Though Punjabi+ population is less in Pune but still significant numbers are living in Pune. There are places of worship (called Gurudwaras) for Sikhs at Camp, Kharki, Aundh, Pimpri, Akrudi, Budhwar Peth are few to mention. Camp Gurudwara being one of the main, almost 300+ people visits every day. It is named as "Guru Nanak Darbar" and some people also call it as "Hollywood Gurudwara". This complex includes charitable hospital, community kitchen for Langar+ and Sarai for refugees+.


B. K. S. Iyengar+, an internationally known yoga+ master, established the Ramamani Iyengar Memorial Yoga Institute+ in Pune in 1975, to train students in Iyengar Yoga+.


Pune is said to be the cultural capital of the state of Maharashtra+. It epitomises Marathi culture, which lays emphasis on education, arts and crafts, music, and theatre. Pune has emerged as a center of modern architecture in India, with prize-winning buildings. Pune culture reflects a blend of traditions with modernity, along with hosting classical shows.

Sorghum+ and Pearl millet+ are the main ingredients of traditional Pune food. Specialties include Misal Pav+, Puran Poli+ (a dessert bread), Pithla bhakri+, Bhelpuri+ and Pav Bhaji+. Mastani, a thick milkshake containing dried fruit+, is a speciality of the city.
Another speciality is Bakarvadi, a crispy snack item. Vada Pav+, Misal Pav, Poha+, Dabeli+ and Bhelpuri are common and famous street foods.
Being a Metropolitan city, Pune also boasts a wide variety of restaurants, serving cuisines from all over the world.

'''PMC Proximities'''

Shaniwar Wada+: Shaniwar Wada was the palace of the great rulers Peshwa Dynasty in Pune. The structure was built by the Peshwa Baji Rao in 1730. The Palace was destroyed in a big fire in 1827; the mammoth structure of the walls survived the fire. Shaniwar Wada stands testimony to the Maratha culture and its architectural design shows influences of Mughal style and features of Maratha artistic styles too. The 21 feet tall massive door of the palace known as Delhi Darwaza is one of the remains of the grand old Palace.

Dagadusheth Halwai Ganapati Temple+: The temple was founded in 1893 by Dagadusheth Halwai, a sweetmart seller who became a wealthy businessman. Halwai had lost his son the previous year, and at the request of his guru created murtis (image of a deity) of Ganesha and Dattatreya. He later established the Halwai Ganapati Trust. Bal Gangadhar Tilak, during the British Raj, gave a public form to the Ganesh festival celebrations as a way of getting around an order that barred public meetings.

Raja Dinkar Kelkar Museum+: Raja Dinkar Kelkar Museum is located at the busy Bajirao Road in the heart of the Pune city. This museum displays a variety of artefacts which showcases the vastness and diversity of culture of the country and people. The Museum houses many items collected by Dr. D. G. Kelkar. The spectacular museum offers unique exhibits like the foot scrubber in the form an elephant-shape, images of Lord Ganesha, and a brass scorpion having a secret lock system. 'Mastani Mahal' which was reconstructed in the museum is a major attraction here. It also exhibits 20th century pottery, paintings of 17th century and carved doors of temples and palaces. It is a museum which is worth a visit.

Saras Baug+: Saras Baug constructed by Nanasaheb Peshwa is located against the scenic background of Parvati Hills. The imposing garden is a popular relaxation spot and is exquisite with elegant fountains and lush green lawns. The garden houses a renowned temple constructed in 1774 by Madhav Rao Peshwa. The temple is dedicated to Lord Ganesha and there is a Ganesh Murthi Museum, enclosing large number of Ganesh statues. Saras Garden has been used by citizens of Pune as a walking and jogging track and it also serves as a beautiful hangout for the populace during the weekends and evenings.

Parvati Hill+: Parvati hill is a picturesque spot perched atop Pune city. Parvati Hill Temple, believed to be built during the 17th century, is an important Hindu religious destination here. It enshrines the idols of Goddess Parvati, Lord Ganesha, Lord Vishnu, Devateshwar and Lord Karthikeya. This temple was solely used for the prayers by the Peshwa rulers in bygone era and was only later opened to the public. Steps with artistic stone work of the Maratha's lead to this hill temple. The Parvati Hill is an ideal location for trekkers. Nearby attractions include Parvati Museum enclosing old manuscripts, rare coins, weapons, the Sati Monument and Vetal Chabutra.

Osho International Meditation Resort+: Ashram of Bhagwan Rajneesh (Osho Ashram), in a 32 acre beautiful campus, is in Koregaon Park area of Pune. The ashram is a prime attraction for tourists who are followers of Bhagwan Rajneesh ideologies and preaching. It is a resort for Meditation and Yoga.

Vishrambaug Wada+: Vishrambaag Wada is a fine mansion situated at central Pune's Thorale Bajirao Road, was the luxurious residence of Peshwa Bajirao II, the last Peshwa of Maratha confederacy, in early nineteenth century. The 20,000 sq. ft. wada presently houses a post office on its ground floor, a few other offices of the municipal corporation and a small museum of Maratha artefacts put together by noted Maratha historian, Babasaheb Purandare+. This structure is famous for its fine entrance and the balcony with carved woodwork.

Bund Garden, Pune+: Bund garden in Pune is a place filled with natures beauty in abundance and scenically located on the banks of the rivers of Mula and Mutha. The Bund Garden was constructed by Sir Janshedji with an aim to provide water to the poor for farming. Bund Garden, also known as Mahatma Gandhi Udyan is an ideal place for visitors looking for some calm and peace away from busy city life.

'''PCMC Proximities'''

Science Park+ at Chinchwad+ (in PCMC+ area) – A first of its kind science park (in India) that includes various educational galleries providing information about all the topics related to science that provide great learning experience for all age groups and especially it will help students to know various basic concepts in science and workings of various scientific gadgets in daily life through simple language and demonstrations. It is located at Chinchwad on Old Pune–Mumbai Highway+ stretch, open from 10 am to 5.30 pm daily and will be closed on Mondays.

Shirgaon+ Sai Temple – is popularly known as Prati-Shirdi among Sai devotees. There are lot of similarities in Shirgaon and Shirdi+. The name itself resembles to Shirdi to great extent. The temple layout, Gabhara, Samadhi, Sai moorti makes one feel as if he is in Shirdi. Dwarkamai at Shirgaon holds Sai Dhuni which is enlightened 24 hours, 7 days a week. It is situated off old Old Pune–Mumbai Highway and is around from Pune railway station+.




As one of the largest cities in India, and as a result of its many colleges and universities, Pune is emerging as a prominent location for IT+ and manufacturing companies to expand. Pune has the seventh largest metropolitan economy and the sixth highest per capita income in the country.

The automotive sector is prominent in Pune. It is home to the Automotive Research Association of India, which is responsible for the homologation+ of all vehicles available in India. All sectors of the automotive industry are represented, from two-wheeler+s and autorickshaw+s to cars, tractors+, tempo+s, excavators and trucks. Automotive companies like Tata Motors+, Mahindra and Mahindra+, Mercedes Benz+, Force Motors+ (Firodia-Group), Kinetic Motors+ have set ups in Pune. Automotive companies including General Motors+, Land Rover+, Jaguar+, Renault+, Volkswagen+, and Fiat+ have set up greenfield facilities near Pune, leading ''The Independent+'' to Several automotive component manufacturers like Saint-Gobain Sekurit, TATA Autocomp Systems Limited, Robert Bosch GmbH+, ZF Friedrichshafen AG+, Visteon+, and Continental AG+ are located here.

India's largest engineering conglomerate, the Kirloskar Group+, was the first to bring industry to Pune by setting up Kirloskar Oil Engines Ltd. in 1945 at Kirkee in Pune. The Group was originally set up in Kirloskarwadi+. Kirloskar Brothers Limited+ (India's largest manufacturer and exporter of pumps and the largest infrastructure pumping project contractor in Asia), Kirloskar Oil Engines (India's largest diesel engine+ company), Kirloskar Pneumatics Co. Ltd. and other Kirloskar+ companies are based in Pune.

The Hinjawadi IT Park (officially called the Rajeev Gandhi IT Park) is a project being started by MIDC to house the IT sector in Pune. When completed, the Hinjawadi IT Park is expected to have an area of about . The estimated investment in the project is . To facilitate economic growth, the government made liberal incentives in its IT and ITES Policy, 2003 and leased properties on MIDC land. project in Hinjewadi+.

Pune Food Cluster development project is an initiative funded by the World Bank+. It is being implemented with the help of SIDBI+, Cluster Craft to facilitate the development of the fruit and vegetable processing industries in and around Pune.

The Meetings, Incentives, Conferencing, Exhibitions+ trade is expected to get a boost once the Pune International Exhibition and Convention Centre (PIECC) completes in 2017. The 97-hectare PIECC will boast a seating capacity of 20,000, with a floor area of 13,000m2. It will have seven exhibition centres, a convention centre, a golf course, a five-star hotel, a business complex, shopping malls and residences. The US$115 million project is developed by the Pimpri-Chinchwad New Town Development Authority. Nowadays a growing number of automotive dealerships are springing up all over the city. They include luxury car makers like Jaguar Land Rover, Mercedes Benz, BMW, Audi and bike manufacturers like Kawasaki, KTM and Harley Davidson

The emergence of industrial Pune began in the early 1960s, with mechanical engineering industries arriving. Pune's proximity to Mumbai, good climate and availability of talent made it a destination for large firms like Tata Motors (TELCO then), Thermax+, Buckau Wolf (ThyssenKrupp+ now), Kirloskar Group+, KSB Pumps, Hindustan Antibiotics and several others.

Today, Pune has a diverse industrial population. It is one of India's most important automotive hubs, with some domestic and international auto giants manufacturing here, including Daimler Benz+, MTU FN+ and Volkswagen+. Pune also has hundreds of large IT companies such as GATITAA, Infosys+, KPIT+, Patni Computers+, Opus Software Solutions+ of and thousands of small IT companies and start-ups which thrive in the highly skilled resource pool from this city's engineers.

Pune is the largest hub in India for German companies. According to the Indo-German Chamber of Commerce+, Pune has been the single largest hub for German companies for the last 60 years. Over 225 German companies have set up their businesses here.


Pune is one of the premier industrial centres of India. It is home to one of the world's three largest two-wheeler manufacturers, Bajaj Auto+. Other global automobile names like Telco, Mercedes Benz and Bajaj Tempo also have huge manufacturing facilities here. Apart from the auto giants, a large number of engineering, electronic and electrical industries have set up base in the large, medium and small scale sectors. The industrial township of Pimpri Chinchwad, adjacent to the main city, is dotted with over 4,000 manufacturing units.



The city of Pune is managed by the Pune Municipal Corporation+ (PMC). The Corporation consists of 149 directly elected+ councillors, who are led by the Mayor of Pune, a titular position mainly acting as an ambassador and representative of the city. Actual executive power is vested in the Municipal Commissioner+, an officer of the Indian Administrative Service+ who is appointed by the Government of Maharashtra+.

Apart from the PMC, four other administrative bodies are active within the Pune Metropolitan Area+:
*Pimpri-Chinchwad Municipal Corporation+ (PCMC), responsible for Pimpri-Chinchwad+ and its surroundings
*Khadki+ Cantonment Board (KCB), responsible for Khadki
*Pune Cantonment Board+ (PCB), responsible for Pune Cantonment+
*Dehu Road+ Cantonment Board, responsible for the Dehu Road+ area

A plan to establish a single Pune Metropolitan Regional Development Authority (PMRDA), consisting of the combined municipal councils, corporations, and other local governments of Pune, Pimpri-Chinchwad, Lonavala+, Talegaon+, Bhor+, Shirur, Saswad, the three cantonments and hundred villages near the city, has been considered since 1997, but has still not been put into place. This body would be the executing authority which would acquire and develop reserve land to improve the infrastructure of the Pune metropolitan area.

The Pune Police+ is headed by the Police Commissioner of Pune+, an officer of the Indian Police Service+. The Pune Police report to the state ministry.


Pune was the largest military camp for the British forces during the Raj and the architecture in the cantonment area is very evocative of the era. The majority of the old Cantonment+ land in the city is now occupied by the Indian Army+ for the housing of its garrisons and officers. The Southern Command+, a World War II Indian Army formation, has its headquarters in Pune cantonment+. The city is home to Lohegaon Aerodrome (previously RAF Station Pune), the city's airport and Indian Air Force+ airfield for the Sukhoi-30MKI+ multi-role strike fighter+s.

The National Defence Academy+ (NDA) is an integrated military training center that provides education up to the graduation level and joint training for cadets of the Army, the Navy and the Air Force. The NDA estate is spread over of land in Khadakwasla near Pune and contains apart from NDA facilities, a mini sanctuary and Peacock Bay+, one of the lakes that provide water to Pune city.
Pune also hosts College of Military Engineering+, also commonly referred to as CME, which trains students in Engineering subjects related to the military. It also has the Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC+), Pune for Medical Study along with Nursing Courses for the Indian army.

Pune and Khadki+ Area have centres of Bombay Sappers (Bombay Engineer Group)+, a regiment of the Indian Army+ Corps of Engineers.

In addition to its temples, historical attractions in and around Pune include the rock-cut Pataleshwar+ cave temple, Aga Khan Palace+, Shaniwarwada+, Lal Mahal+, Shinde Chhatri+ and Sinhagad+ fort.


The city is known for its British Raj and the Garden city movement+ layout of the Cantonment in the early twentieth century. Notable architects who have worked in Pune include B.V.Doshi+, Charles Correa+, Achyut Kanvinde+ and Christopher Charles Benninger+. Modern master pieces in Pune include the IUCAA+ by Correa and a number of campuses by Benninger, including his studio complex called India House+. His award winning campuses include the Mahindra United World College of India+, the YMCA Campsite at Mulshi, the Samundra Institute of Maritime Studies+, and Suzlon One Earth+.


Prominent museums in Pune include the Raja Dinkar Kelkar Museum+, Mahatma Phule Museum, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Museum and the Pune Tribal Museum.
Celebrity WAX Museum consist famous faces of India such as freedom fighters, Bollywood stars, social activists and many more. It is situated about from Pune on old old Pune-Mumbai highway approaching toward Lonawala+ which already beckon tourist attraction. Adlabs Imagica is another attraction near Khopoli.


Pune has public gardens, such as the Kamala Nehru Park+, Sambhaji Park Shahu Udyan, Peshwe Park, Saras Baug+, Empress Garden, Taljai Hills+ and Bund Garden. 'Pu La Deshpande Udyan+(The Pune-Okayama Friendship Garden) is a replica of the Korakuen Garden+ in Okayama+, Japan.
The Aga Khan Palace was built by Sultan Muhammed Shah Aga Khan III in Pune, India. Built in 1892, it is one of the biggest landmarks in Indian history. The palace was an act of charity by the Sultan who wanted to help the poor in the neighbouring areas of Pune, who were drastically hit by famine.[1]

Aga Khan Palace is a majestic building and is considered to be one of the greatest marvels of India.[2] The palace is closely linked to the Indian freedom movement as it served as a prison for Mahatma Gandhi, his wife Kasturba Gandhi, his secretary Mahadev Desai and Sarojini Naidu. It is also the place where Kasturba Gandhi and Mahadev Desai died.[2] In 2003, Archeological Survey of India (ASI) declared the place as a monument of national importance.[

The Rajiv Gandhi Zoological Park+ is located at Katraj, close to the city. The zoo, earlier located at Peshwe Park, was merged with the reptile park at Katraj in 1999. Besides this, certain spots in Pune such as Hanuman Tekdi, Vetaal Tekdi and Taljai forest are popular haunts for nature lovers.

As the agro-pharmaceutical business has dwindled in recent decades, immigration from erstwhile tribal peoples now accounts for seventy percent of population growth and education syllabi have not adjusted in accordance with other industrialised regions. This has created what has become an exclusive environment in the government's expansion of education infrastructure, and Marathi literati+ have received a number of grants in areas that were previously ignored. Both experimental (प्रायोगिक रंगभूमी) and professional theatre receive extensive patronage from the Marathi community. The Tilak Smarak Mandir, Bala Gandharva Rangmandir, Bharat Natya Mandir, Yashwantrao Chavan Natyagriha and Sudarshan Rangmanch+ are prominent theatres in the city. Ganesh Kala Krida Rangamanch is the largest closed theatre in the city, with a seating capacity of 45,000.

The ''Sawai Gandharva Sangeet Mahotsav'', one of the most prominent and sought-after Indian classical music+ festivals in India is held in Pune every year in December. It commemorates the life and achievements of Pt. Sawai Gandharva+. The concept of ''Diwāḷī Pahāṭ'' originated in Pune as a music festival on the morning of the festival of Diwali+.


Pune has more than a hundred educational institutes and nine universities, students from all over the world studying at the colleges of the University of Pune+. Pune has a large student population, and a large number of quality academic and research institutes.


Public schools (known locally as "municipality schools") are run by the Pune Municipal Corporation+, and are affiliated with the Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education+. Private schools are run by educational trusts or individuals.
The five schools are older than any other schools of Pune; those are Bhave school+, Nutan Marathi Vidyalay+, Camp Education Society+ School, The Bishop's School+ and New English School+.
They are usually affiliated to either the state board+ or to national education boards, such as the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education+, CBSE+ or NIOS+ boards.


Pune is the largest centre for Japanese learning in India. Other languages including German (taught at the Max Muller Bhavan) and French (at the Alliance Française de Pune) are popular in the city.


Most colleges in Pune are affiliated to the University of Pune+, established in 1948. Seven other universities have also been established in the city.
+">College of Engineering Pune++" style="color: #CCCCCC;">+

The College of Engineering Pune+, now autonomous institute of government of Maharashtra+, founded in 1854, is the third oldest engineering college in Asia. The Deccan Education Society+ was founded by several local citizens in 1884, including social and political activist Bal Gangadhar Tilak+, and was responsible for founding Fergusson College+ in 1885. This society maintains and operates 32 institutes in Pune.

Symbiosis International University+, which operates 33 colleges and institutions in the city, includes colleges such as (SiBM, Pune), (SCMHRD) and (SIIB) which are ranked amongst the top management institutes in the country and Symbiosis Institute of Computer Studies and Research+ which is one of the few colleges in India that promotes open source+ technology. Pune is also home to Symbiosis Institute of Technology+ of the Symbiosis family.


ILS Law College+, established by the Indian Law Society, is one of the top ten law schools in India. Established medical schools such as the Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC)+ and Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Medical College+ train students from all over Maharashtra and India and are amongst the top medical colleges in India. The AFMC consistently ranks among the top five medical colleges in India. Film and Television Institute of India at law college road.

The Lalit Kala Kendra is an undergraduate department of Music, Dance and Drama on the University of Pune campus that has been operational since 1987. This department features a combination of ''Gurukul+'' and formal education systems.

Another important institution for students who are working part-time during the day is the St. Vincent College of Commerce as it gives them an opportunity to study in the evening hours. This college was founded by the Society of Jesuits and is located in Pune Camp.

Pune is home to some of India's important research institutes. Some of the major research centres are:

*National Chemical Laboratory+ (NCL): one of the leading chemical research establishments in India
* Lupin Limited – Research Park, Situated at Nande Village is leading Pharma Research Institute, Spread in 19 acre of land.
*Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Pune+ (IISER, Pune)
*Inter-university Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics+ (IUCCA)
*National Centre for Radio Astrophysics+ (NCRA)
*Centre for Development of Advanced Computing+ (C-DAC)
*Electronics Test and Development Centre+ (ETDC): under the STQC directorate, it is a leading testing and certification centre.
*National Institute of Virology+ (NIV)
*National Research Centre for Grapes+ (NRCG)
*Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics+
*Central Water and Power Research Station+ (CWPRS)
*National Centre for Cell Science+ (NCCS)
*Automotive Research Association of India+ (ARAI)
*Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology+ (IITM): scientists at IITM has made significant achievements in tropical weather
*National Informatics Centre+ (NIC)
*Armament Research Development Establishment+ (ARDE)
*High Energy Materials Research Laboratory+ (HEMRL)
*Centre for Materials for Electronics Technology+ (CMET)
*Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute+ (BORI)
*National AIDS Research Centre+ (NARI)
*Agharkar Research Institute+ (ARI)
*National Institute of Bank Management+ (NIBM)
*Army Institute of Technology+ (AIT)
*National Institute of Construction Management and Research+ (NICMAR)

Several military and armament research organisations are located in Pune (see the ''Military establishments+'' section in this article).






Pune International Airport+ is an international airport at Lohegaon+, operated by the Airports Authority of India+. It shares its runways with the neighbouring Indian Air Force+ base. In addition to domestic flights to all major Indian cities, this airport serves international direct flights to Dubai+ (operated by Air India Express+) and to Frankfurt+ (operated by Lufthansa+).

The Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation+ is responsible for the design and construction of a New Pune International Airport+. The area between Chakan+ and Rajgurunagar+, around the villages of Chandus+ and Shiroli+, is being considered as a construction site. If constructed here, it will be at a distance of from central Pune. They have passed tendor for Pune International Airport at Chakan Pune. This project it will be complete till December 2017.



Local trains+ (EMUs+) connect Pune to the industrial town of Pimpri-Chinchwad+ and the hill station of Lonavala+, while daily express trains connect Pune to Mumbai+, Hyderabad+, Delhi+, Nagpur+, Thiruvananthapuram+, Kochi+, Coimbatore+, Chennai+, Bangalore+, Kanpur+, Howrah+, Jammu Tawi+, Darbhanga+, Goa, Varanasi+, Patna+, and Jamshedpur+. At Pune, there is diesel locomotive shed and electric trip shed. A rapid transit+ system has been proposed in Pune and is scheduled to begin operations in 2013. Pune Metro Rail+ is being planned in consultation with Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Limited+, the corporation which built and operates the Delhi Metro+. It will be a combination of elevated and underground sections, with initial routes being planned between Pimpri-Swargate and Vanaz-Ramwadi.

The city has a railway station, Pune Railway Station+. The station is administrated by the Pune Railway Division+ of the Central Railways+. All the railway lines to Pune are broad gauge+.






Both public and private transport are popular in Pune. Public buses within the city and its suburbs are operated by the Pune Mahanagar Parivahan Mahamandal Limited+ (PMPML). The PMPML operates the Pune Bus Rapid Transit+ system, the first of its kind in India, in which dedicated bus lanes were supposed to allow buses to travel quickly through the city. In reality the project has turned out to be a failure receiving little to no patronage from the local citizenry. Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation+ runs buses from its main stations in Shivajinagar, Pune station and Swargate to all major cities and towns in Maharashtra and neighbouring states. Private companies too run buses to major cities throughout India.

Pune is well-connected to other cities by Indian highways+ and state highways. National Highway 4+ (NH 4) connects it to Mumbai+, Bangalore+ and Kolhapur+. NH 9+ to Hyderabad+, and NH 50+ to Nashik+. State highways connect it to Ahmednagar+, Aurangabad+, and Alandi+.

The Mumbai-Pune Expressway+, India's first six-lane high-speed expressway, was built in 2002, and has reduced travel time between Pune and Mumbai to almost two hours. A ring road+ is being planned for the convenience of heavy traffic.

Pune is served by two intra-city highways: Old Pune-Mumbai Highway+ and Katraj-Dehu Road Bypass+, a part of National Highway 4. The Nashik City-Pune Highway NH 50+ will be part of the golden triangle (Nashik-Pune-Mumbai). One can easily move around Pune by Road by hiring cars on rent from Ezeecabs, Ali Cabs, and Hudson Cabs.


Metro Rail Project has been proposed in Pune Metropolitan Area+. The project is expected to be operational by 2021 and will be operated by Pune Metro Rail Corporation (PMRC). It will have 4 lines with a total planned length of 82 km, which will be built in 2 phases.




Popular games and sports in Pune include Athletics, Cricket+, Basketball, Badminton, Field Hockey+, Football, Tennis, Kabaddi+, Paragliding+, Kho-Kho+, Rowing+ and Chess+. The Pune International Marathon+ is an annual Marathon+ conducted in Pune. The 2008 Commonwealth Youth Games+ were held in Pune.

Today's popular badminton game that is played worldwide was incepted in Pune. It was created by British military officers stationed in Poona (now Pune) can be traced in mid-1800s. Initially, balls of wool referred as ball badminton+ were preferred by the upper classes in windy or wet conditions, but ultimately the shuttlecock stuck. This game was further developed in England and rules were set out, and what we see today is international badminton rules.


Cricket is played between clubs affiliated with the Maharashtra Cricket Association+, which maintains a domestic cricket team (the Maharashtra cricket team+). This team, one of three based in the state of Maharashtra+, competes in interstate matches and leagues, such as the Ranji Trophy+. Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, is where National and One Day International matches take place. It has been named after the First Prime Minister of Independent India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.

An Indian Premier League+ cricket team based in Pune began play in 2011. The team is named as Pune Warriors India+ and was brought for Rs. 17.02 billion or $370 million. It is the most expensive team in the Indian Premier League, and it is owned by Sahara Group+. This team was later drowned before the IPL-7 started.
A new stadium Subrata Roy Sahara Stadium+ built in Gahunje on Mumbai – Pune express way, inaugurated on 1 April 2012, is the Home Ground of Pune Warriors. The Subrata Roy Sahara Stadium+ has a seating capacity of 55,000 and is built on the Mumbai Pune Expressway+.

Blades of Glory, India's first cricket museum, is based out of Pune. Run by Rohan Pate, a former Maharashtra Under-19 cricketer, inaugurated during IPL V by Sachin Tendulkar+ and located in the quaint Sahakar Nagar.

Bal Gandharva Ranga Mandir+ is a theatre auditorium and exhibition hall located in Pune which hosts Marathi dramas. The theatre is named after the great Marathi singer and stage actor Bal Gandharva.

Pune is also famous for The Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute. It was founded on 6 July 1917 to honour the life and work of Dr. Ramakrishna Gopal Bhandarkar (1837–1925), long regarded as the founder of Indology (Orientalism) in India. The institute is well known for its collection of old Sanskrit+ and Prakrit+ manuscripts.


The Pune Football Club+, also known as Pune FC, is a recently founded football club that plays in the Indian Football League+. It was established on August 2007.

FC Pune City+ is an Indian Super League+ football franchise in Pune, Maharashtra that will begin play in September 2014 during the inaugural season of the Indian Super League+.The team will be owned and operated by Bollywood actor Salman Khan+ and the Wadhawan Group.

Pune has basketball at the Deccan Gymkhana+ club and at Fergusson College+. American football coach J. D. Walsh+ held his first ''JDBasktball'' India camp in Pune.

The Elite Football League of India (ELFI) – an American gridiron football competition slated for a Fall 2012 kickoff – has announced that the Pune Marathas+ will be a member-franchise.

The National Education Foundation organises Enduro3+, a cross country adventure race in Pune. It is normally a two or three-day event with activities like cycling, trekking, river-crossing and rifle shooting. The city has been host to the 2009 FIVB Men's Junior World Championship+.

The Pune Race course+, located in Pune Cantonment+, was built in 1830 over of land. The land is controlled by the Indian Army. The racing season is from July to October every year. The Royal Western India Turf Club+ manages the race course. The course has two training tracks and two racing surfaces. Major racing events include The Pune Derby, RWITC Invitational, Independence Cup and the Southern Command Cup.

The beginnings of badminton can be traced to mid-19th century Pune . During a party, a few guests fastened feathers onto champagne corks and used the bottles as bats. They called this game ''Poonai''. The first rules of the game were written in Pune in 1873, by the British.

Garware Balbhavan+- It is a well known playground and a recreational center located in the heart of the Pune city. It is known for its interesting and meaningful work in the field of child development since 1985.

The Gliding Centre+, is an undertaking of the Directorate General of Civil Aviation, Civil Aviation Department, Government of India. This uses two seater Sailplanes, LET L-23 Super Blaník+ and other LET Gliding Planes. The flying season starts from October and continues up to May or early June. Then club is closed during the monsoons.

-
| Pune Warriors India+
| Cricket+
| Indian Premier League+
| Subrata Roy Sahara Stadium+
| 2010–2013

| Maharashtra cricket team+
| Cricket+
| Ranji Trophy+ and Vijay Hazare Trophy+
| Subrata Roy Sahara Stadium+
| 1934 –

| Pune F.C.+
| Football+
| I-League+
| Shree Shiv Chhatrapati Sports Complex+
| 2007 –

| Pune Pistons+
| Badminton
| Indian Badminton League+
| Shree Shiv Chhatrapati Sports Complex+
| 2013 –

| Pune Strykers+
| Field Hockey+
| World Series Hockey+
| PCMC Hockey Stadium+
| 2012 –

| Pune Marathas+
| American Football+
| Elite Football League of India+
| Shree Shiv Chhatrapati Sports Complex+
| 2011 –

| FC Pune City+
| Football+
| Indian Super League+
| Shree Shiv Chhatrapati Sports Complex+
| 2014 –
|


Prominent sporting institutions in Pune include the Nehru Stadium+, the Deccan Gymkhana, the PYC Hindu Gymkhana, The Poona Golf Club, The Poona Cricket Club and the Shree Shiv Chhatrapati Sports Complex at Balewadi+. The Nehru Stadium is the home ground of the Maharashtra cricket team, and has hosted many prominent cricket events, including one of the matches in the 1996 Cricket World Cup+. The Deccan Gymkhana+ has hosted Davis Cup+ matches on several occasions. The facility at Balewadi hosted the National Games+ in 1994 as well as the 2008 Commonwealth Youth Games+. The Royal Connaught Boat Club+ is one of several boating clubs on the Mula-Mutha river. A new cricket stadium, Pune International Cricket Centre+ renamed as Subroto Roy Cricket Stadium, is under construction in Gahunje on the Mumbai-Pune Expressway near Pune. This stadium will be the headquarters for the Maharashtra Cricket Association and home for the Maharashtra cricket team. It will be a state-of-the-art stadium, and will host the home matches of Sahara Pune Warriors, IPL team of Pune.

Prominent sportspersons hailing from Pune include cricketer D. B. Deodhar+, Chandu Borde, father-son cricketing duo Hemant+ and Hrishikesh Kanitkar+, tennis players Radhika Tulpule, Gaurav Natekar+ and Nitin Kirtane, and table-tennis player Sujay Ghorpade. Abhijit Kunte+ and Pravin Thipsay+ are chess grandmasters+ and national champions. Dhanraj Pillay+ is ex-captain of the Indian national field hockey team.

Pune has a rugby team, men's and women's, registered with the IRFU as Rugby Football Sports Pune (RFS Pune). As of November 2010, RFS Pune has qualified for First Division Rugby, while placing second in the Callaghan Cup Held in Chennai in the same month. Pune offers much promise in this sport. The women's team has been the national cup holder for 2 consecutive years and thrice since the all India women's 7s 2009. Till date, the Pune Women's team has 13 and counting India international players

When the Elite Football League of India+ was introduced in August 2011, Pune was noted as one of eight cities to be awarded a team for the inaugural season, although the team's games will be played in Balewadi+. All 56 games of EFLI's opening season will be played at the Shree Shiv Chhatrapati Sports Complex, which will be retrofitted+ to host the sport. Named the Pune Marathas+, it will be Pune's first professional American football+ franchise+.

Martial Arts. Japan Karate-Do Nobukawa-Ha Shito-Ryu Kai India JKNSKI (Shito-Ryu Karate-Do Academy of India) is a direct branch of Japan Karate-Do Nobukawaha Shito-Ryu Kai recognised by Japan Karate-Do Federation. In India the academy of also approved by Indian national federation of Karate. The JKNSKI is headed by Naresh Sharma who is an international martial arts title holder and advanced dan grade in the Japanese martial arts. An authentic institution in Pune to practice and train in Japanese martial arts Karate-Do.

* Anu Aga+, industrialist
* Gopal Ganesh Agarkar+, Social worker
* Pankaj Advani+, leading billiards and snooker player
* Rahul Bajaj+, industrialist
* Chandu Borde+, cricketer
* Milind Date+, flautist, composer, producer
* Pu La Deshpande+, writer
* P. A. Inamdar+, educationalist, visionary
* Bhimsen Joshi+, Hindustani classical vocalist
* Shaiju Mathew+, author, film director
* Mahatma Jyotiba Phule+, social reformer
* Baba Kalyani+, industrialist
* Hrishikesh Kanitkar+, cricketer
* Sanjay Kirloskar+, industrialist
* Shantanurao Laxmanrao Kirloskar+, industrialist
* Raghunath Mashelkar+, scientist
* Nilu Phule+, actor
* Savitribai Phule+, social reformer
* Dhanraj Pillay+, hockey player
* Cyrus Poonawala+, businessman
* Deepika Samson+, television actress
* Shanta Shelke+, writer
* Sharad Talwalkar+, actor
* Bal Gangadhar Tilak+, social worker and freedom fighter
* Sant Tukaram+, Saint
Div col end:


col-float:
;Historical:
* List of Maratha dynasties and states+
col-float-break:
;Geographical:
* List of tallest buildings in Pune+
* List of twin towns and sister cities in India+
col-float-break:
;Law:
* 2010 Pune bombing+
* Joshi-Abhyankar serial murders+
col-float-end:




Wikivoyage:
*Wikipedia books link:
* for Pune City and District
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+

Pune+ Pune (Marathi: पुणे ) (formerly known as Poona in British era, Punyanagari in old time ; ) is the seventh largest metropolis in India and the second largest in the state of Maharashtra.
Pune district+ Pune (District) is situated in Maharashtra state of India. Pune city is the district headquarters. In the most recent census on 2011, the total population of the district was 9,426,959, making it the fourth most populous district in India (out of 640).
Pune F.C.+ Pune Football Club is a men's professional football club based in Pune, Maharashtra and participates in the I-League, India's top-tier football league.
Puneeth Rajkumar+ Puneeth Rajkumar () known as Power Star is an Indian film actor and playback singer, who appears in Kannada films.
Savitribai Phule Pune University+ The Savitribai Phule Pune University (Marathi:सावित्रीबाई फुले पुणे विद्यापीठ) (formerly the University of Pune), is a university located in western India, in the city of Pune.
Pune Warriors India+ Pune Warriors India () was a franchise cricket team that represented the city of Pune in the Indian Premier League.
Pune Junction railway station+ Pune Junction railway station is the main railway head of Pune. It is a railway junction with on the Mumbai - Chennai railway line.
Pune Airport+ Pune Airport is located approximately north-east of Pune in the state of Maharashtra, India. The airport is a civil enclave operated by the Airports Authority of India at the eastern side of Lohegaon Air Base of the Indian Air Force.
Puneet Issar+ Puneet Issar (born 6 November 1959) is an Indian actor and director, most famous for his role as Duryodhana in the TV adaptation (1988–1990) of the Mahabharata, and directing Garv: Pride and Honour (2004) starring Salman Khan.
Pune Suburban Railway+ Pune Suburban Railway, also known as Pune Suburban Service or Pune Local Railway, is a suburban rail system connecting Pune to its suburbs and neighboring villages in Pune District, Maharashtra.