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'''Roxana''' (; ''Rokhsāna''; sometimes '''Roxanne''', '''Roxanna''', '''Roxandra''' and '''Roxane''', was a Bactria+n princess and a wife of Alexander the Great+. She was born earlier than the year 343 BC+, though the precise date remains uncertain, and died in ca. 310 BC.


Roxana was the daughter of a minor Bactrian baron named Oxyartes+ of Balkh+ in Bactria (around modern-day Balkh province+ of Afghanistan+), and married Alexander the Great+ at a young age, after he visited the fortress of Sogdian Rock+. In 327 BC+ Alexander married Roxana despite the strong opposition from all his companions and generals.

After Alexander's sudden death at Babylon+ in 323 BC+, she bore him a posthumous son called Alexander+. Also, after Alexander's death, Roxana murdered Alexander's other widow, Stateira II+, as well as either Stateira's sister Drypteis+ or Parysatis II+ (Alexander's third wife).

Roxana and her son were protected by Alexander's mother, Olympias+, in Macedonia+, but her assassination in 316 BC+ allowed Cassander+ to seek kingship. Since Alexander IV was the legitimate heir to the Alexandrian empire, Cassander ordered that he and Roxana be killed ca. 310 BC+.

* Roxana is one of the main characters in ''The Romance of Alexander and Roxana'' by Marshall Monroe Kirkman+, 1909, reprinted 2010, ISBN 978-1-160-01995-8.
* Roxana appears as one of the characters in ''A Conspiracy of Women'' by Aubrey Menen+, 1965.
* Roxana appears as one of the minor characters in ''The Persian Boy+'' by Mary Renault+, 1972, ISBN 0-394-48191-7. Renault uses the spelling ''Roxane''.
* Roxana appears as one of the characters in ''Funeral Games+'' by Mary Renault+, 1981, ISBN 0-394-52068-8. Renault uses the spelling ''Roxane''.
* Roxana appears as one of the characters in ''Alexander: The Ends of the Earth'' by Valerio Massimo Manfredi+, 2002, ISBN 978-0-7434-3438-6.
* Roxana is the main character in ''Roxana Romance'' by A. J. Cave, 2008, Hardcover ISBN 978-0-9802061-0-4, eBook ISBN 978-0-9802061-1-1.
* In the film ''Alexander+'' (2004), Roxana is played by Rosario Dawson+.

* Balkh+
* ''Alexandre et Roxane+,'' opera by Mozart+

Reflist:

Commonscat:
*
* by Jona Lendering+
*
* from Charles Smith's ''Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology'' (1867)

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Roxana+ Roxana (Greek: Ρωξάνη; Avestan: Raoxshna; Persian: رکسانا‎, "luminous beauty"; Persian: رکسانا, رخسانا‎ Rokhsāna; sometimes Roxanne, Roxanna, Roxandra and Roxane, was a Bactrian princess and a wife of Alexander the Great.
 Roxana Zal+ Roxana Zal (born November 8, 1969) is an American actress.
Roxana, Delaware+ Roxana, Delaware is an unincorporated community in Sussex County. It is roughly centered on the intersections of Delaware Route 20 and Delaware Route 17. It is part of the Salisbury, Maryland-Delaware Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Roxana, Illinois+ Roxana is a village in Madison County, Illinois, United States. The population was 1,542 at the 2010 census.
Roxana Luca+ Roxana Luca (born 23 December 1982) is a Romanian figure skater. She is a ten-time Romanian national champion, competed twice at the Winter Olympics, and placed as high as 15th at the European Championships.
Roxana Saberi+ Roxana Saberi (Persian: رکسانا صابری‎) (born April 26, 1977) is an American journalist for an anti-Iranian U.S.A.
 Roxana Han+ Roxana Han (born 28 May 1980) is a Romanian handball player. She plays for the Romanian club SCM Craiova.
Roxana, Alabama+ Roxana, also known as Rock Springs, is an unincorporated community northwesterly located in Lee County, Alabama, United States.
 Roxana High School+ Roxana High School is a secondary school in Roxana, Illinois, USA. The school's mascot is the shell, named for the former Shell Oil (now ConocoPhillips) refinery also located in the town.
Roxana Baldetti+ Ingrid Roxana Baldetti Elías (born May 13, 1962) was the first female Vice President of Guatemala from 2012 until her resignation amid a corruption scandal in 2015.