Royal Naval Reserve +Search for Videos


military unit
|unit_name=Royal Naval Reserve

|country=United Kingdom+
|allegiance=Queen Elizabeth II+
|branch=Royal Navy+
|role=Volunteer Reserve+
|ceremonial_chief=HRH Prince Michael of Kent+, GCVO+

White Ensign+

Naval Jack+

Royal Navy:
The '''Royal Naval Reserve''' ('''RNR''') is the volunteer reserve+ force of the Royal Navy+ in the United Kingdom+. The present RNR was formed by merging the original Royal Naval Reserve, created in 1859, and the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve (RNVR), created 1903. The Royal Naval Reserve has seen action in World War I+, World War II+ and the Iraq War+.

The Royal Naval Reserve (RNR) has its origins in the Register of Seamen, established in 1835 to identify men for naval service in the event of war, but just 400 volunteered for duty in the Crimean War+ in 1854 out of 250,000 on the Register. This led to a Royal Commission+ on Manning the Navy in 1858, which in turn led to the Naval Reserve Act of 1859. This established the RNR as a reserve of professional seamen from the British Merchant Navy+ and fishing fleets, who could be called upon during times of war to serve in the regular Royal Navy. The RNR was originally a reserve of seamen only, but in 1862 this was extended to include the recruitment and training of reserve officers. From its creation, RNR officers wore on their uniforms a unique and distinctive lace consisting of stripes of interwoven chain.

A number of drill-ships were established at the main seaports around the coasts of Great Britain and Ireland+, and seamen left their vessels to undertake gunnery training in a drill-ship for one month every year. After initial shore training, officers embarked in larger ships of the Royal Navy's fleet (usually battleships or battle cruisers) for one year, to familiarise themselves with gunnery and naval practice. Although under the operational authority of the Admiral Commanding Reserves, the RNR was administered jointly by the Admiralty+ and the Registrar General of Shipping and Seamen at the Board of Trade+ throughout its separate existence. In 1910, the RNR (Trawler Section) was formed to recruit and train fishermen for wartime service in minesweeper+s and other small warships.

Officers and men of the RNR soon gained the respect of their naval counterparts with their professional skills in navigation and seamanship and served with distinction in a number of conflicts, including the Boer War+ and the Boxer Rebellion+. Prior to the First World War+, one hundred RNR officers were transferred to permanent careers in the regular navy—forever after referred to as "the hungry hundred". In their professional careers, many RNR officers went on to command the largest passenger liners of the day and some also held senior positions in the shipping industry and the government.

On mobilisation in 1914, the RNR consisted of 30,000 officers and men. Officers of the permanent RNR on general service quickly took up seagoing appointments in the fleet, many in command, in destroyer+s, submarine+s, auxiliary cruiser+s and Q-ship+s. Others served in larger units of the battle fleet including a large number with the West Indies Squadron+ who became casualties at the Battle of Coronel+ and later at Jutland+. Fishermen of the RNR(T) section served with distinction onboard trawlers fitted out as minesweepers for mine clearance operations at home and abroad throughout the war where they suffered heavy casualties and losses. One such casualty was HM Armed Naval drifter+ ''Frons Olivae'', which hit a mine+ off Ramsgate+ on 12 October 1915 in an explosion that killed at least five other seamen. One casualty, a Newfoundlander serving with the Royal Naval Reserve, was subsequently buried in the Hamilton Road Cemetery, Deal+, Kent.

A number of RNR officers qualified as pilots and flew aircraft and airships with the Royal Naval Air Service+ whilst many RNR ratings served ashore alongside the RN and RNVR contingents in the trenches of the Somme+ and at Gallipoli+ with the Royal Naval Division+. Merchant service officers and men serving in armed merchant cruiser+s, hospital ship+s, fleet auxiliaries+ and transports were entered in the RNR for the duration of the war on special agreements.

Although considerably smaller than both the RN and the RNVR (which was three times the size of the RNR at the end of the First World War), the RNR had an exceptional war record, members being awarded twelve Victoria Cross+es.

On commencement of hostilities in the Second World War+, the RN once again called upon the experience and professionalism of the RNR from the outset to help it to shoulder the initial burden until sufficient manpower could be trained for the RNVR and 'hostilities only' ratings. Again, RNR officers found themselves in command of destroyers, frigate+s, sloop+s, landing craft+ and submarines, or as specialist navigation officers in cruisers and aircraft carrier+s. In convoy+ work, the convoy commodore or escort commander was often an RNR officer. As in the First World War, the RNR acquitted itself well, winning four VCs.

During the Second World War, no more ratings were accepted into the RNVR, which then became the main route for wartime officer entry. The service was colloquially called the "Wavy Navy", after the 3/8-inch wavy sleeve 'rings' that RNVR officers wore to differentiate them from RN/RNR officers. By Command of King George VI+ in 1952, these were replaced by the straight rank lacing used in the full-time RN, with the addition of a small 'R' in the centre of the executive curl on cuff and epaulette insignia. From 30 November 2007, mainly due to increasing involvement of the RNR in RN operations and deployments, the wearing of the distinctive 'R' was discontinued for all other than honorary officers. Similarly, RNR ratings no longer wear RNR shoulder flashes.

As "nominal" members of the RNR, officers of the Sea Cadet Corps+ and the RN CCF Combined Cadet Force+ retain the use of the former RNVR 'wavy navy' lace, and are 'appointed' within their respective Corps, rather than commissioned (unless they also hold a commission as officers within the 'mainstream' RNR).

From 1938 until 1957, the RNVR provided aircrew personnel in the form of their own Air Branch. In 1947, their contribution was cut to anti-submarine and fighter squadrons only. By 1957, it was considered by the UK government that the training required to operate modern equipment was beyond that expected of reservists and the Air Branch squadrons were disbanded. The US government took a different view, and the US Navy and Marine reserve squadrons today still operate front-line types alongside the regular units. The Air Branch was reformed at RNAS Yeovilton in 1980.

The British naval reserve forces were amalgamated in 1958, and the RNR was absorbed into the much larger RNVR organisation. After 100 years of proud service, the RNR as a separate professional naval service ceased to exist. Today the majority of Merchant Navy+ Officers who would have joined the original RNR are now encouraged to join the modern RNR’s Amphibious Warfare (AW) Branch. The centenary of the formation of the RNVR (formed in 1903) was commemorated by the RNR in London in 2003 with a parade on Horse Guards, at which HRH Prince Charles+ took the salute. The Merchant Navy officers within today's RNR commemorated RNR 150 in 2009.

Defence reviews over the last 50 years have been inconsistent. Successive reviews have seen reserve forces cut then enlarged, allocated new roles, then withdrawn, then re-imposed. Options for Change+ in 1990 reduced the RNR by 1,200 and closed many training centres, including HMS ''Calpe'' (Gibraltar), (Southampton) and HMS ''Graham'' (Glasgow). The Strategic Defence Review+ in 1998 continued this by removing the RNR Cold War+ mine warfare+ role, but promised to increase the RNR by 350 posts. The restructured RNR was designed to "provide an expanded pool of personnel to provide additional reinforcements for the Fleet”, mainly in the roles of logistics and communications.

This left the mine-warfare, seaman and diving specialists in "limbo" until the second Gulf War, when the Royal Navy realised it had a pool of reservists with no real sea post. Echoing the Royal Naval Division+ in the First World War, the Above Water Force Protection branch was formed "from RN reservists with no draft appointment at the outbreak of war." Because of a lack of full-time personnel, mine-warfare and diving has recently returned (in part) to the RNR. Officers and ratings currently serve on active service in Full Time Reserve Service billets throughout the RN, as well as in mobilised posts in Afghanistan, the Middle East, the Balkans and the UK.

Following the disbandment of the associated Royal Naval Auxiliary Service+ (RNXS) in 1994, the Maritime Volunteer Service+ (MVS) was formed as a national maritime training organisation with charitable status. It has taken over and expanded many RNXS roles.

All RNR personnel, regardless of rank, are assigned to a branch of service. Most branches are open to both ratings and officers with the exception of fleet protection (ratings only) and a small number which recruit exclusively from the officer ranks. Listed below is a breakdown of branches and the sub=specialisations which are aligned to each branch.

*Maritime Trade Operations
*Diving (Under Water Force Protection)
*Mine Warfare
*Information Systems
*Information Operations
*Amphibious Warfare
*Submarine Operations
*Above Water Force Protection
*Media Operations

*Defence Intelligence
*Operational Intelligence
*Human Intelligence
*Queen Alexandra's Royal Naval Nursing Service+
*Royal Navy Medical Service+

*Royal Navy Chaplaincy Services+
*Flying Operations
*Operational Support
*Air Engineering
*New entry ratings
*Ab Initio Officer Cadets

Location map many | United Kingdom
HMS President
HMS Scotia
HMS Cambria
HMS Dalriada
HMS Flying Fox
HMS Calliope
| lat7_deg =53.4
HMS Eaglet
| lat8_deg =50.383
HMS Vivid
| lat9_deg =52.908
HMS Sherwood
| lat10_deg =50.81
HMS King Alfred
| lat11_deg =52.48
HMS Forward
| lat12_deg =54.524
HMS Hibernia
| lat13_deg =51.601
HMS Wildfire
| lat14_deg =52.037
HMS Ferret
| lat15_deg =53.805
HMS Ceres
| lat16_deg =51.387
Medway Division
| lat17_deg =51.615
Tawe Division
| lat18_deg =56.474
Tay Division

The modern RNR has fifteen Royal Naval Reserve Units (with three satellite units). These are:

* HMS ''Scotia''+ (Rosyth+)
** Tay Division (Dundee+)
* HMS ''Cambria''+ (Sully, Wales+)
** Tawe Division (Swansea+)
* HMS ''Dalriada''+ (Govan+)
* HMS ''Flying Fox''+ (Bristol+)
* HMS ''Calliope''+ (Gateshead+)
* HMS ''Ceres''+ (Leeds+)
* HMS ''President''+ (London+)
** Medway Division (Chatham+)
* HMS ''Eaglet''+ (Liverpool+)
* HMS ''Vivid''+ (Devonport+)
* HMS ''Sherwood''+ (Nottingham+)
* HMS ''King Alfred''+ (Portsmouth+)
* HMS ''Forward''+ (Birmingham+)
* HMS ''Hibernia''+ (Lisburn+)
* HMS ''Wildfire''+ (Northwood+)
* HMS ''Ferret''+ (Chicksands+)

Personnel in the Royal Naval Reserve Air Branch are not attached to a single RNR Unit, but complete their training on regular Fleet Air Arm Units; and are administered through Staff Offices at RNAS Yeovilton and Culdrose.

The University Royal Naval Unit+s, although under the jurisdiction of BRNC Dartmouth+, are also a part of the Royal Naval Reserve. Students hold the honorary ranks of Officer Cadet+ (in their first year of enrolment) and Midshipman+ RNR (from the second year onward) provided they have completed the issued 'Taskbooks' to the satisfaction of the Commanding Officer of each unit.

The RNR had an exceptional war record, as evidenced by the dozen Victoria Crosses awarded+ in WWI; and demonstrations of exceptional merit continued in peacetime.
dynamic list:

* Lieutenant Commander Richard Baker (broadcaster)+ OBE RD RNR (formerly RNVR) - broadcaster (first BBC newsreader), actor, musician, author
* Commodore Sir James Bisset+, CBE, RD, RNR, LL.D. British merchant sea captain, Commodore of the Cunard White Star Line (1944–47).
* Sub-Lieutenant Rupert Davies+ RNR – BBC TV's 'Inspector Maigret'
* Midshipman Ben Fogle+ RNR – Broadcaster and writer
* Lieutenant Donald Cameron+ VC RNR - commander of Midget Submarine X.6+ during the attack+ on the German battleship ''Tirpitz+'' in 1943
* Lieutenant Commander Ian Fraser+ VC+, DSC+, JP, RD+ RNR – VC awarded as CO of HM Midget Submarine ''XE-3'' attacking Japanese heavy cruiser in Johore Straits. Last surviving naval VC from World War II.
* Commodore Sir Bertram Fox Hayes+ KCMG+ DSO+ RD+ RNR – Commodore White Star Line+
* Honorary Captain Sir Robin Knox-Johnston+, CBE,RD*, RNR. the first person to sail solo non stop around the world.
* Commander Charles Lightoller+ DSC+, RD+ RNR – Senior surviving deck officer from . Took his own yacht to Dunkirk evacuation in 1940 aged 66.
* Group Captain Adolph Malan+ DFC+, DSO+ RAF – Fighter pilot in Battle of Britain. Former Master Mariner, Sub-Lieutenant RNR (1932–36)
* Commodore Sir Charles Matheson+ DSO+ RD+ RNR – Commodore Orient Line+
* Lieutenant Penny Mordaunt+ RNR – Conservative Member of Parliament for Portsmouth North and since 2015 Minister of State for the Armed Forces+
* Surg Cdr Andrew Murrison+ RNR – Conservative Member of Parliament and since 2014 Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the Northern Ireland Office
* Frederick Parslow+ VC - a Mercantile Marine Master given a posthumous commission in the RNR and VC in 1919 for his courage in command of a horse transport ship that was attacked by a U-boat off Ireland in 1915
* Daniel Poole+, a recipient of the Distinguished Conduct Medal+ during World War I+.Foldi, N.S. (1978). . Australian Dictionary of Biography+, Volume 11, Melbourne University Press, p. 255. Retrieved on 9 August 2009.
* Captain Sir Samuel Robinson+ KBE+ RNR—Captain, ''Empress of Australia''; rescue work at Yokohama after 1923 Great Kantō earthquake+.
* Captain Edward John Smith+ RD RNR – Held the rank of Commander+ within the RNR. He was Captain+ of the White Star Line+ ships and , among others.
* Captain Ronald Niel Stuart+ * Sir Ernest Shackleton+ CVO+ – Lieutenant RNR, Master Mariner, Explorer.
* Capt John Treasure Jones+ last Master of RMS ''Mauretania''+ and RMS ''Queen Mary''+
* Dr Attracta Genevieve Rewcastle+ - first female Commissioned officer in the Royal Navy, attained rank of Lieutenant-Surgeon in 1940.
* Lt Cdr Sir Keith Speed+ RD RNR – Conservative Member of Parliament 1968-97 and Navy Minister 1979-81, sacked by Thatcher when refused reductions in RN strength prior to Falklands+.
* Commodore John Wacher CBE RD RNR – Commodore (Master), P and O Steam Navigation Co Ltd+

* Ian Fleming+, James Bond author/creator, served in Naval Intelligence during the Second World War, reached the rank of Commander+.
* Alec Guinness+, Sub-Lieutenant commanded a landing craft+ during the Second World War invasion of Sicily+.
* James Robertson Justice+ actor, invalided out in 1943.
* Laurence Olivier+, served as a Fleet Air Arm pilot during the Second World War, reached the rank of Lieutenant+.
* James Callaghan+, joined as Ordinary Seaman+ 1942 and left as Lieutenant+ 1945; Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Admiralty+ 1950–51; Prime Minister+ 1976–79.
* Duncan Carse+, 1942–1945, British explorer and actor.
* Erskine Childers+, novelist, 1914–1918. Mentioned in Despatches for the Cuxhaven Raid+; Distinguished Service Cross+ for the Gallipoli Campaign+.
* Lionel Crabb+, served World War II as a frogman – RN mine and bomb clearance and MI6 diver.
* A.J. Cronin+, served during the First World War as a surgeon.
* James Graham, 6th Duke of Montrose+, founder of the Scottish National Party+. Founded the RNVR in 1903.
* Sir John Edward Jackson+, diplomat.
* Sir Harry Charles Luke+, served World War I as Commander+ of the RNVR on the Syrian Coast+ and as Political Officer on the staff of Admiral Sir Rosslyn Wemyss+, he was awarded the Italian medal for military valour.
* Merlin Minshall+, prewar explorer and racing driver, reached the rank of Commander+.
* Nicholas Monsarrat+, frigate+ commander during World War II, author of ''The Cruel Sea+'', reached the rank of Lieutenant Commander+
* Ewen Montagu+, served during the Second World War as a Lieutenant Commander+ where he helped conceive Operation Mincemeat+, i.e., "The Man Who Never Was+"
* Sir Richard Pim+, Inspector-General of the Royal Ulster Constabulary+.
* Jeffrey Quill+, Spitfire+ test pilot during the Second World War, reached rank of Lieutenant Commander+.
* Denys Arthur Rayner+, escort group commander during World War II, author of ''The Enemy Below+'', reached the rank of Commander+
* Ralph Richardson+, served during the Second World War, reached the rank of Lieutenant-Commander+.
* C. W. A. Scott+ served during the Second World War as a Lieutenant+ and was involved in Operation MENACE+.
* Peter Scott+, served during the Second World War, reaching the rank of Lieutenant-Commander+, and was awarded the DSC and bar.
* Peter Bull+, served during the Second World War, commanding a Landing craft+ (Flak) in the Mediterranean. His memoirs of the war are recorded in "To Sea in a Sieve".
* Sir Lawrence Weaver+, architect and founder of National Institute of Agricultural Botany, was an A.B. in the Anti-aircraft service during the First World War.
* Oliver John Whitley+, BBC+ administrator.
* Frank Wild+, Antarctic+ explorer and holder of a four-bar Polar Medal+.
* Rodger Winn+, intelligence analyst and commander of the Submarine Tracking Room during the Second World War.
* Henry Witherby+, Ornithologist and publisher. Served 1917–18 and was mentioned in dispatches+.

dynamic list:
* James Bond+ served in the RNVR, reaching the rank of Commander+.
* Lawrence Jamieson (played by Michael Caine+) in the film ''Dirty Rotten Scoundrels+''.
* Ralph Ross Lanyon in Mary Renault+'s British wartime novel ''The Charioteer+'' served in the RNVR after being wounded at Dunkirk.
* Henry Root+, fictional author of The Henry Root Letters+ previously served in the RNVR under Captain "Crap" Myers.
* Logan Mounstuart, fictional diarist and author of William Boyd+'s ''Any Human Heart+'', recounts that he served in the RNVR Naval Intelligence Division+ alongside Ian Fleming+ throughout the Second World War, reaching the temporary rank of Commander.

A number of RNR formed before World War II+:

* Straits Settlements Royal Navy Volunteer Reserve - c. 1934
* Ceylon Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve - c. 1937
* Malayan Volunteer Reserve - c. WWII

There are also naval reserve forces operated by other Commonwealth of Nations+ navies, including the Royal Australian Naval Reserve+ (RANR), the Royal New Zealand Naval Volunteer Reserve+ (RNZNVR), and the reserve force of the Royal Canadian Navy+. Previously there were also colonial RNVR units, such as the Straits Settlements Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve (SSRNVR), Newfoundland Royal Naval Reserve+, Ceylon Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve+ (CRNVR), Hong Kong Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve (HKRNVR) and the South African Division of the RNVR.

* Royal Naval Patrol Service+
* Maritime Volunteer Service+
* Reserve Decoration+ (RD)
* Volunteer Reserve Decoration+ (VRD)
* Royal Auxiliary Air Force+
* Army Reserve (United Kingdom)+
* Royal Marines Reserve+
* British Merchant Navy+
* Reserve Forces and Cadets Association+



Naval Service (British):

Royal Naval Reserve+ The Royal Naval Reserve (RNR) is the volunteer reserve force of the Royal Navy in the United Kingdom. The present RNR was formed by merging the original Royal Naval Reserve, created in 1859, and the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve (RNVR), created 1903. The Royal Naval Reserve has seen action in World War I, World War II and the Iraq War.
 Royal Naval Reserve Act 1902+ The Royal Naval Reserve Act 1902 (2 Edw 7 c. 5) was an Act of Parliament of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, given the royal assent on 22 July 1902 and formally repealed in 1980.
 Decoration for Officers of the Royal Naval Reserve+ The Decoration for Officers of the Royal Naval Reserve known as the Reserve Decoration (RD) was a medal awarded in the Royal Naval Reserve of the United Kingdom to officers with at least fifteen years of active duty.
Reserve Long Service and Good Conduct Medal+ The Reserve Long Service and Good Conduct Medal was the Long Service Medal of the reserve forces of the Royal Navy.