United States Army Squad Designated Marksman Rifle +Search for Videos

ref improve|date=March 2013
Weapon|is_ranged=yes|
name=US Army SDM-R
Soldiers from the 3rd Infantry Division+ with SDM rifles.
|origin=
Designated marksman rifle+
2004–present
Operation Enduring Freedom+, Operation Iraqi Freedom+
5.56x45mm NATO+
Gas-operated+ (direct impingement+)
Semi-automatic+


with optic and fully loaded 30-round magazine


20- or 30-round detachable box magazine+
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The '''United States Army Squad Designated Marksman Rifle''' ('''SDM-R''') is a heavily modified M16+-series semi-automatic rifle+ intended to provide increased accuracy at longer ranges, giving infantry+ squad+s greater firepower.


The addition of an embedded marksman+ at the platoon+ or squad+ level has been a continuing process in the U.S. military+. The U.S. Marine Corps+ (USMC) experimented with this during ''Project Metropolis'', before creating the "Squad Advanced Marksman" (SAM) position along with the Squad Advanced Marksman Rifle+ (SAM-R) specifically for this purpose.

The 3rd Infantry Division followed suit in implementing a training program to have one marksman per squad, the Squad Designated Marksman (SDM), and developing a rifle, the Squad Designated Marksman Rifle (SDM-R). The SDM is an integral part of the squad and serves as a rifleman+ first and designated marksman+ second. The SDM is not meant to be a squad sniper+ who engages the enemy with precision fire at extreme ranges, but instead is trained to directly support the squad with well-aimed shots at ranges slightly beyond the normal engagement distances for riflemen.

Much like the U.S. Marine Corps SAM-R, the 3rd Infantry division SDM-R was an accurized+ M16 rifle+ (5.56x45mm NATO+ caliber) built in-house by the U.S. Army Advanced Marksmanship Unit, and was informally known as "the AMU rifle". SDM-R's have only been built for one major Army division and is not an Army program of record. The SDM-R is designed to provide engagement capability at the squad level to 600 meters, similar to the needs expressed by members of USSOCOM+ that led to the development of weapons such as the United States Navy Mark 12 Mod X Special Purpose Rifle+ (SPR) and the SEAL Recon Rifle+.

The National Guard Marksmanship Training Center of the Arkansas Army National Guard+ conducts the fourteen day long Squad Designated Marksman Course at Camp Joseph T. Robinson. Soldiers fire over 1500 rounds from the M16A4 rifle under the close supervision of course cadre.

Task Force Small Arms Readiness Group (TF SARG) conducts the week-long SDM course at the SARG academy at Camp Bullis+, Texas+. Many of the instructors are President's 100+ recipients.

*'''Upper and lower receivers:''' The rifles were produced by the Army Marksmanship Unit (AMU) at Fort Benning+, Georgia using either new semi-automatic ArmaLite+ lower receivers+ or existing Army M16A2 or A4 lower receivers previously supplied by either Colt+ or Fabrique Nationale de Herstal+. All rifles were equipped with a fixed A2 stock+ and a Knight's Armament Company+ 2-stage match grade+ trigger capable of only semi-automatic+ fire. The upper receivers were flat-top style, but unlike the SAM-R and SPR, they did not have extended feed ramps.

*'''Barrel:''' The 1:7 twist+, barrel+ from the M16A2 and A4 were replaced with a stainless steel+ Douglas Barrels 1:8 twist, 20-inch barrel, with 12 flutes cut into the barrel to reduce weight. The front sight block was installed with 4 set screws instead of two taper pins. The SDM-R retained the A2-style flash hider+.

*'''Sights and optics:''' The issued optic+ was a 4x32 Advanced Combat Optical Gunsight+ (ACOG) (models TA31F, TA31RCO, TA01, TA01B, or TA01NSN). A Matech Industries 600-meter backup iron sight+ was also used.

*'''Handguard:''' Daniel Defense M4 Rail 12.0 handguard, with an octagonal aluminum collar locking it to the upper receiver. The handguard provides a free-floating Picatinny rail+ forend.

*'''Bipod:''' A Harris S-L bipod+ attached to an ARMS #17 throw-lever rail mount was mounted to the underside of the handguard. Since the handguard was free-floating, it did not come into contact with the barrel, and any pressure from the bipod on the handguard did not deflect the barrel.

The 82nd Airborne Division+ examined an alternate version, based on the M4 carbine+. The barrel was to have been an long fluted+ Douglas barrel with 1:8 twist. A mid-length gas system was to be used, along with the Daniel Defense M4Rail 9.0 handguard. This effort never went beyond the staffing process.


* Tabuk Sniper Rifle+
* U.S. Marine Corps Squad Advanced Marksman Rifle+
* United States Marine Corps Designated Marksman Rifle+
* SEAL Recon Rifle+
* United States Navy Mark 12 Mod X Special Purpose Rifle+
* List of individual weapons of the U.S. Armed Forces+
* Designated marksman+
* Civilian Marksmanship Program+

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United States Army Squad Designated Marksman Rifle+ The United States Army Squad Designated Marksman Rifle (SDM-R) is a heavily modified M16-series semi-automatic rifle intended to provide increased accuracy at longer ranges, giving infantry squads greater firepower.