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City of Destiny
Jewel of East Coast

Clockwise from top left: Buddha Statue at Appughar, Simhachalam+ Temple, Bay of Bengal+ from Kailasagiri+, Rajiv Smrithi Bhavan at Beach Road, Visakhapatnam Port+, King George Hospital+ (KGH)
City of Destiny
Visakhapatnam is on the east coast of India.
India Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh+
Coastal Andhra+
| established_date =
Greater Visakhapatnam Municipal Corporation
Municipal commissioner+
Praveen Kumar
Commissioner of Police+
Amit Garg
1,730,320 2011

530 0XX, 531 1XX
Telephone code
+91-891-XXX XXXX

'''Visakhapatnam''' (nicknamed as '''Vizag''' and sometimes known by its historical name ''Waltair'') is the largest city in the India+n state of Andhra Pradesh+ located north east of Capital Region+(Guntur+). It is the third largest city on the east coast of India (after Chennai+ and Kolkata+). It is a port city on the southeast coast of Bay of Bengal+ and often called as "''The Jewel of the East Coast"'' and the "''City of Destiny"''. , it is the administrative headquarters of Visakhapatnam district+. Visakhapatnam is the largest city, commercial hub and a financial capital of Andhra Pradesh, with a GDP of over $26 Billion (USD). The prominence of the city got highlighted once again when it figured along with Ajmer and Allahabad during Prime Minister Narendra Modi's US tour.
It is situated in the Eastern Ghats+ and on the coast of Bay of Bengal on the east. The city is known for heavy industries, steel plant, seaport, natural harbour and shipyard. The city is the headquarters to Eastern Naval Command+ of the Indian Navy+.

The city was ruled by Andhra Kings of Vengi and Pallavas. The city is named after Sri Vishaka Varma+, Legend has it that Radha+ and Viśakha+ were born on the same day, and were equally beautiful. Sri Vishaka Sakhi+, is the second most important gopi of the eight main gopis. She carries messages between Radha and Krishna, and is the most expert gopi messenger. Local residents believe that an Andhra king,built a temple to pay homage to his family deity Viśakha. This is now inundated under sea water near R K Beach. Another theory is that it is named after a women disciple of Buddha named Viśakha+.Later it was ruled by Qutb Shahi+s, Mughal Empire+ (between 1689–1724), Nizam+ (1724–1757) and France (1757–1765) before being captured by the British in 1765.

Hindu texts state that during the fifth century BC, the Visakhapatnam region was part of Kalinga+ territory, which extended to the Godavari River+. Relics found in the area also prove the existence of a Buddhist empire in the region. Kalinga later lost the territory to King Ashoka+ in the bloodiest battle of its time, which prompted Ashoka to embrace Buddhism+. Visakhapatnam is surrounded by ancient Buddhist sites, most of which have been excavated recently and illustrate the legacy of Buddhism in the region.

Pavurallakonda+ ("pigeon hill") is a hillock+ west of Bhimli, about from Visakhapatnam. The Buddhist settlement found here is estimated to date back from the first century BC to the second century AD. On the hillock (which overlooks the coastline) are 16 rock-cut cistern+s for collecting rainwater. Gopalapatnam, on the Tandava River, is a village surrounded by brick stupas, vihara+s, pottery and other Buddhist artefacts.


In 1907 British archaeologist Alexander Rea unearthed Sankaram, a 2,000-year-old Buddhist site. The name "Śankaram" derives from the Sangharama+ (temple or monastery). Located south of Visakhapatnam, it is known locally as Bojjannakonda+ and is a significant Buddhist site in Andhra Pradesh. The three major schools of Buddhism (Hinayana, Mahayana and Vajrayana) flourished here. The complex is known for its monolithic stupa+s, rock-cut caves and brick structures. The primary stupa was initially carved out of rock and covered with bricks. Excavations yielded historic pottery and Satavahana coins from the first century AD. At Lingalakonda, there are also rock-cut monolithic stupas in rows spread over the hill. The vihara was active for about 1,000 years.

Nearby is another Buddhist site, Bojjannakonda, with a number of images of the Buddha carved on the rock face of the caves. At Ligalametta there are hundreds of rock-cut monolithic stupas in rows, spread across the hill. Among other Buddhist attractions are a relic casket, three chaitya+ halls, votive platforms, stupas and Vajrayana+ sculptures.

Bavikonda is an important Buddhist heritage site located on a hill about 15 km, northeast from Visakhapatnam city. Here the Buddhist habitation is noticed on a 16 ha flat terraced area. The Hinayana school of Buddhism was practised at the monastery between the 3rd century B.C. and the 3rd century A.D. Bavikonda has remains of an entire Buddhist complex, comprising 26 structures belonging to three phases. A piece of bone stored in an urn recovered here is believed to belong to the mortal remains of the Budda. The word ''Bavikonda'' in Telugu+ means "a hill of wells". Fitting its name, Bavikonda is a hill with wells for the collection of rainwater. It is located from Visakhapatnam and is a significant Buddhist site.
Excavation carried out from 1982–1987 revealed a Buddhist establishment including a mahachaitya embedded with relic caskets, a large vihara complex, numerous votive stupas, a stone-pillared congregation and rectangular halls and a refectory. Artifacts recovered from the site include Roman and Satavahana coins and pottery dating from the third century BC to the second century AD. A significant finding was a piece of bone (with a large quantity of ash) in an urn, which is believed to be the remains of the Buddha+. The Bavikonda site is considered one of the oldest Buddhist sites in Asia. It is a reminder of the Buddhist civilisation which once existed in southern India, and also reminiscent of Borobudur+ in Indonesia.

About from Visakhapatnam is Thotlakonda+, a Buddhist+ complex situated on top of a hill. The Buddhist Complex on the Mangamaripeta hilltop, locally known as Totlakonda+, lies about 16 km from Visakhapatnam on Visakhapatnam-Bheemili Beach Road. After its discovery (during an aerial survey), the Government of A.P. declared the 48 ha site as a protected monument in 1978. Excavations in 1988 to 1992 exposed structural remains and artefacts, classified as Religious, Secular and Civil. These structures include the Stupa, Chaityagrihas, pillared congregation halls, bhandagaras, refectory (bhojanasala), drainage and stone pathways. The site covers an area of , and has been declared a protected area by the government of Andhra Pradesh. Excavations have revealed three kinds of structural remains: religious, secular and civil. Structures include a mahastupa, sixteen votive stupas, a stone-pillared congregation hall, eleven rock-cut cisterns, well-paved stone pathways, an apsidal+ chaitya+-griha, three round chaitgya-grihas, two votive platforms, ten vihara+s and a kitchen complex with three halls and a refectory (dining hall). Apart from the structures, Buddhist treasures excavated include nine Satavahana+ and five Roman silver coins, terracotta+ tiles, stucco decorative pieces, sculptured panels, miniature stupa+ models in stone, Buddha padas+ depicted with ashtamangal symbols (i.e. the eight auspicious symbols of Swastika, Shrivasta, Nandhyavarta, Vardhamanaka, Bhadrasana, Kalasha, Minyugala and Darpan) and early pottery.

The territory of Visakhapatnam then came under the Andhra rulers of Vengi+, and Chalukyas+ and Pallavas+ ruled the land. The region was ruled by the Eastern Ganga king+- SuryaVamsa Kshatriyas and the Gajapati kings+ of Odisha+ from the 10th century to the 16th centuries AD (when the region came under the Visakhapatnam rulers). Based on archaeological evidence, the Prabhakar+ and the Eastern Ganga Kings of Odisha built temples in the city in the 11th and 12th centuries. The Mughals+ ruled the area under the Visakhapatnam Nizam+ during the late 15th and early 16th centuries. European merchants from France, Holland and the East India Company+ used the natural port to export tobacco, paddy+, coal, iron ore, ivory, muslin+ and other textile products.

Local legend tells that an Andhra+ king, on his way to Benares+, rested at Visakhapatnam and was so enchanted by its beauty that he ordered a temple to be built in honour of his family deity, Viśakha. Archaeological sources, however, reveal that the temple was probably built between the 11th and 12th centuries by the Cholas. A shipping merchant, Shankarayya Chetty, built one of the mandapams (pillared halls) of the temple. Although it no longer exists (possibly washed away about 100 years ago by a cyclonic storm), elderly residents of Visakhapatnam remember visits to the ancient shrine by their grandparents (although author Ganapatiraju Atchuta Rama Raju denies this).

During the 18th century Visakhapatnam was part of the Northern Circars+, a region comprising coastal Andhra+ and southern coastal Odisha which was first under French control and later British. Visakhapatnam became a district in the
Madras Presidency+ of British India+. In September 1804, British and French squadrons fought the naval Battle of Vizagapatam+ near the harbour. After India's independence it was the largest district in the country, and was subsequently divided into the districts of Srikakulam+, Vizianagaram+ and Visakhapatnam.

Part of the city is known by its colonial British name, Waltair; during the colonial era, the city's hub was the Waltair railway station and the surrounding part of the city is still called Waltair.

Visakhapatnam is located on the sea shore of Bay of Bengal in the East, bordering on the North with the State of Orissa+ and Vizianagaram district+ and East Godavari District+ to the South. The city coordinates lies between 17.6883° N latitude, and 83.2186° E longitude. It's periphery consists of plains along the coast line while the interiors boast of the beautiful hills of the Eastern Ghats+ which surround it on the North and the West. This region is also called the Agency Division. It occupies an area of approximately

Weather boxVisakhapatnam
India Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010)

NOAA (humidity 1971-1990)
August 2010

Visakhapatnam is a cosmopolitan mix of people from various parts of India. From a population of a few thousand during the 18th and early 19th centuries, the population grew steadily. The city doubled its population from 1990–2000, due to a large migrant population from surrounding areas and other parts of the country coming to work in its factories.
Historical populations
|1871 |
|1881 |
|1891 |
|1901 | 40892
|1911 | 43413
|1921 | 44711
|1931 | 57303
|1941 | 70243
|1951 | 108042
|1961 | 211190
|1971 | 363467
|1981 | 603630
|1991 | 752037
|2001 | 1345938
|2011 | 2091811

According to the 2011 India census, Retrieved on 29 May 2012. the population of Visakhapatnam in 2011 was 1,730,320, of which 875,199 were male and 855,121 were female. The sex ratio of Visakhapatnam city was 977 females per 1000 males.
In the education section, the total literate population in Visakhapatnam city was 1,298,896, of which 698,959 were males while 599,937 were females. The average literacy rate of Visakhapatnam city was 82.66 percent, of which male and female literacy were 88.02 and 77.18 percent respectively.
There were 158,924 children ages 0 to 6 in Visakhapatnam city as of 2011. There were 81,119 boys while 77,805 were girls. The child sex ratio was 959 girls per 1000 boys. 10 percent of the population was under age six. Visakhapatnam is ranked 122 in the list of fastest-growing cities in the world.

Hinduism+ is practised by the majority of its citizens, followed by Islam and Christianity. The area practised Buddhism+ for two millennia, as evidenced by the many Buddhist sangharama+s in the outlying areas; currently, however, the population of Buddhists has waned. There is little religious tension.

Telugu+ is the official language of Visakhapatnam. It is also the most widely spoken language of the state of Andhra Pradesh. Two dialects of Telugu are spoken by the people, the common dialect and the Uttarandhra dialect. The latter is mainly spoken by the people who originally belong to the districts of Visakhapatnam, Vizianagaram and Srikakulam.

Besides Telugu, Hindi is also popular language of Visakhapatnam. Visakhapatnam is a cosmopolitan city where people from different parts of India reside. Hence, English is also widely spoken among the people.

A substantial population of Visakhapatnam comprise Bengalis and Oriyas. Also, other people from other states are also present due to the Naval presence and high concentration of public-sector employers. There is also an Anglo-Indian community.

Visakhapatnam has developed into a major economic destination,. It has all the sectors like Industrial, Fishing, IT, Pharma, Export and Imports by Sea trade etc. The city was identified as one of the fastest-growing in the world, economically and demographically. Several factors contributed to its economic growth, including the natural harbour, rail, road and air connectivity to national and International destinations. Tourism also plays an important role in generating revenue to the state of Andhra Pradesh, with many tourist spots in and around the city, attracts large number of tourists.

Fishing is a major sector in the city and has one of the largest harbour in the country for the fishing industry and seafood exports. A number of fishermen has their livelihoods depend on Fishing in the city. The ice factories in and outside the Fishing Harbour, caters to the needs of the fishermen and provides employment as well.

Ports include Visakhapatnam Port+, Gangavaram Port+ which serve as a gateway for contributing to the development of the petroleum, steel and fertiliser industries. It is a hub for iron ore and other mineral exports which are exported by sea to other countries. Fishing Harbour at Visakhapatnam Port Trust is one of the biggest in the Coastal corridor of Andhra Pradesh generating huge revenue.

There are many SEZ's and industrial corridors such as, VSEZ, APSEZ+, APIIC+, Aganumpudi Industrial Park, Visakha Dairy, JNPC, Brandix Apparel City etc., are located in and around the city.

'''APIIC+''' is a special economic zone (covering . It is occupied by industries such as WS Industries, Pokarna Limited, Uniparts, Confidence Petroleum, Southern Online Bio, Nagarjuna AgriChem, Anjaney Alloys, Maithon Alloys and Abhijit Ferro Alloys.

'''Brandix Apparel City''' is a textile-based SEZ covering . The aim of this project is to provide 60,000 local jobs. The SEZ has textile manufacturers namely Pioneer Elastic Fiber, Ocean India, Quantum Clothing, Fountain Set Group and Limited Brands. Pilkington, an automotive-glass manufacturer is also has its company.

'''Drugs and pharmaceuticals''': ''Jawaharlal Nehru Pharma City (JNPC)'' is the only pharmaceutical SEZ in India, with 58 pharmaceutical companies including PharmaZell of Germany and Eisai Pharma of Japan.

'''Heavy industries'''

The defence controlled '''Hindustan Shipyard+''' built India's first ship ''Jala Usha''.
Ports and Shipyard led to many private sectors to set up large-scale industries. Some of them include, Visakhapatnam Export, GAIL+, HPCL+, BHEL+, Hindustan Zinc+, Dredging Corporation of India, Coromandel Fertilizers+, RINL+ and LG Polymers, Jindal Stainless Steels, Synergies Castings, Rain Calcining Limited, Reliance, Brandix, Essar Pellet Plant, Andhra (Cements, Petrochemicals and Ferroalloys) Ltd. etc.

'''Steel plant+'''

Visakhapatnam has a steel plant, whose corporate entity RINL+ is the second largest state-run steel industry. The capacity of the plant is 6.3MT, is planned to become a 20MT plant in the future, the largest plant in a single location. The plant had revenues of for 2011–2012 and has about 17,800 employees.

Visakhapatnam is experiencing growth in the IT sector, contributing to the local economy. An area of 21.16 acres on Hill No. 3 in Rushikonda has been allocated and is identified for construction of the iconic Signature Tower. The government has established an IT special economic zone and incubation center in the Rushikonda Hills. Its skilled workforce allowed the entry of many national and international IT and banking firms such as Tech Mahindra+, Wipro+, IBM Kenexa+, Infotech+, Concentrix+, WNS+, Sutherland, and HSBC+.

Three of the Global Big Four, Google Inc., Accenture and IBM, and India's IT giants TCS, WIPRO, Infosys and TechMahindra are to open offices in the city.


The prevalence of ferroalloy+ plants is due to the availability of manganese ore near Visakhapatnam. Aluminium refineries such as Anrak Aluminium and Jindal Aluminium are developing because of the bauxite reserves around the city. India's first rare earths (minerals) extraction plant at Atchutapuram is owned by Toyotsu Rare Earth India Ltd. (Partners of Toyota).

'''Petroleum, chemicals+ and petrochemicals+'''

Visakhapatnam was one of five sites in the country selected to hold strategic crude-oil reserves in case of a national emergency. IOC and BPCL have their bottling units in the city. Hindustan Petroleum+ expanded and the Visakhapatnam Export Processing Zone was established.
Visakhapatnam is a part of the ''Petroleum, Chemical and Petrochemical Investment Region (PCPIR)'', proposed between Visakhapatnam and Kakinada. The PCPIR is expected to generate 1.2 million jobs and a projected investment of ₨34,30,000 million.

'''Power Plants+'''

Simhadri Super Thermal Power Plant+ of NTPC Limited+ is expanding from 1,000 to 2,000 MW at a cost of . Hindujas has begun construction of a 1,070-MW thermal power plant in Visakhapatnam district at a cost of .

With the growing population, Visakhapatnam has turned from a fishing village into a commercial city with busy streets. Some of the busy areas of the city include
Jagadamba Centre+, Dwaraka Nagar+, NAD X Road+, Suryabagh+, Gopalapatnam+, Daba Gardens+, Poorna market, Town kotha road, Akkayyapalem+, Seethammadhara+, Maddilapalem+, Gajuwaka+, MVP Colony+, Maharanipeta+ Siripuram+, Madhurawada+, Asilmetta+, Railway New Colony+, Dondaparthi+, Marripalem+,

Some of the congestion has come down after the completion of 1.8 km long fly over road connecting RTC Complex and Waltair Station Approach Road.

Visakhapatnam is one of the tourism destination in the state of Andhra Pradesh. The city is famous for beaches, caves and the Eastern Ghats as well as wildlife sanctuaries.

The landmarks of the city include ''Dolphin's Nose+'' (rocky headland resembling dolphin's nose), Lighthouse+, ''Kailasagiri+'', ''Beach Road'', ''VUDA Park+'', Visakha Museum+ and Matsyadarsini (an aquarium). ''INS Kursura Submarine Museum+'', the only of its kind in India, Indira Gandhi Zoological Park+ in the city has variety of wildlife species.

'''Beaches''' along coastline of Bay of Bengal includes ''Rushikonda Beach+'' '' RK Beach+ ''. Other include ''Lawson's Bay'', ''Yarada'', ''Bheemili'', ''Tenneti'', ''Sagar Nagar'' and ''Gangavaram'' beaches.

Araku Valley+, from Visakhapatnam, is a hill station at an elevation of over and known for its gardens, valleys, waterfalls and streams. Borra Caves+ are caves discovered by British geologist William King+ in 1807. ''Tyda'' (an Eco tourism project), Kambalakonda Wildlife Sanctuary+ under Andhra Pradesh Forest Department+ are wildlife conservation sites near the city.

Some of the religious sites are also of great importance like ''ISKCON temple''; ''Simhachalam+'' temple of Lord Narasimha+ north of the city, and Sri Kanaka Mahalakshmi Temple+. Recent archaeological excavations of Buddhist shrines revealed Buddhist dominance in this area and these are recognised as heritage sites that include Boudharamam, Saligudam, Sankaram and Devipuram etc.

Visakhapatnam is one of the major cities on the east coast of India connected by NH5+, a major highway and a part of the Golden Quadrilateral+ system of Indian highways connecting Chennai and Kolkata. The city has a broad network of roads. State owned APSRTC+ runs buses to various places like Kakinada+, Guntur+, Kadapa+, Kurnool+, Rajahmundry+, Vijayawada+ etc. Also, to distance places like Chennai, Bangalore+, Kolkata, Bhubaneswar+ etc.

Residents of Visakhapatnam use city buses run by APSRTC+, that runs buses along a number of routes across the city and its suburbs. The APSRTC complex at Asilametta is the hub for most of these buses. As of now the city has two Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) on Pendurti+ and Simhachalam+ corridors.Click here to view the bus route numbers of visakhapatnam+

The station is called ''Waltair railway station''. Later, around 1987, Mr. D. V. Subbarao, the then mayor of Visakhapatnam, changed the name to Visakhapatnam. The Visakhapatnam railway station+ is administered by the East Coast Railway+ of Indian Railways+ and is the headquarters for the Waltair Railway Division+. It will be de-linked from East Coast Railway+ once a new railway zone for Andhra Pradesh is formed and will be part of new zone according to AP Reorganisation act 2014.

It is located on the Chennai Central+-Howrah Station+ route, although the main line bypasses the Central Station+. Duvvada railway station+, a suburban station on the main line (near the Visakhapatnam Steel Plant+) is being developed into a satellite hub to improve train service into the city.

There are direct rail links to many parts both in and outside the state to all major junctions. The K-K line from Visakhapatnam to Kirandul+ via Araku+ is laid through eastern ghats. Up to Araku station it is having 84 bridges and 58 tunnels. Also, it pass through South India's highest elevation broad gauge station, Similiguda, just before Borra caves. Visakhapatnam also shelters the country's largest Diesel Loco Shed with a capacity of 206.

'''Metro rail'''
A metro rail project has also been planned by GVMC to arrest chaotic traffic condition on the streets. After the proposal was submitted by the GVMC in February 2014, the Urban Transport Department gave in-principle approval for going ahead with feasibility studies and DPR.

Visakhapatnam International Airport+ is the busiest airport in Andhra Pradesh.
It is connected by daily flights with Dubai+, Singapore+, Kuala Lumpur+, Chennai+, Delhi+, Mumbai+, Bangalore+, Hyderabad+, Kolkata+, Kochi+, Bhubaneshwar+, Raipur+, Tirupathi+ and Vijayawada+. Visakhapatnam Airport has been operating night flights, and the airport is open until 23:55. A new 10,000-foot (3 km) runway is operational to accommodate international flights and larger aircraft. The airport was recently modernized with aero bridges+ and immigration booths, and the new terminal was opened on 21 March 2009. The airport will be further developed in the coming years as a rapid growth is expected because Visakhapatnam is evolving as an IT Hub, Financial Capital, Pharma Hub and Cinema Industry with existing mega industries.

On the east coast of India, Visakhapatnam serves as the gateway waterway for Andhra Pradesh. It has one of the country's largest ports, and the oldest shipyard on the east coast. It is a land-locked harbour, as connected to the sea by a channel cut through rock and sand. Visakhapatnam is one of the busiest ports in India. Vizag Seaport owns two berths in the inner harbour; berth EQ-8 is fully mechanised and berth EQ-9 berth is not. Both berths are capable of handling Panamax vessels. The shipyard at Visakhapatnam is the largest in India. On the Chennai–Kolkota corridor, the city is also a hub for ground traffic. The Gangavaram Port+ is India's deepest seaport. In December 2010, Coal India+ agreed to enable an additional berth to be built at the port.

Visakhapatnam is considered as a center for education in Andhra Pradesh and there are a number of primary, high schools and colleges in the city. In addition to state-run schools there are private institutions, missionary schools and colleges.

The ''Indian Maritime University+'' was established as a central university by the government of India by an act of Parliament (the Indian Maritime University Act 2008). IMU+ is poised to play a role in the development of human resources for the maritime sector. Visakhapatnam also has the ''National Institute of Oceanography+''.

Established in 1878, A.V.N. College is one of the city's oldest educational institutions. Visakhapatnam is also home to Andhra University+ (AU), established in 1926. President of India, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan+ was vice-chancellor of the university between 1931 and 1936. AU and its affiliated colleges provide education to thousands of students up to Postgraduation in many fields. The AU College of Pharmacy is the second-oldest pharmacy college in India. The university is in the process of obtaining IIEST+ status.

Visakhapatnam is also home to Damodaram Sanjivayya National Law University+, which is the National Law University+ for the state of Andhra Pradesh. DSNLU+ takes entrance through Common Law Admission Test+ and ranks 15th by order of establishment among the 17 National Law Universities.

Andhra Medical College+, established in 1902, is the home of several teaching hospitals. Andhra University College of Engineering+ (Autonomous), The GITAM+ University (the first private university in Andhra Pradesh) and the Gayatri Vidya Parishad College of Engineering+ are other technical-education institutions in the city.

The Indian Institutes of Management+ (IIM-V) to start admissions with flagship programme in management from the academic year 2015-16

Vizag is due to get India's First Packaging park with an Indian Institute of Packaging, IIP and BITS Pilani and Birla International School under the aegis of Sarala Birla Academy+.

Visakhapatnam is the headquarters of the Eastern Naval Command+, the Naval Science and Technological Laboratory+ (a DRDO Lab), a Chief Quality Assurance Establishment (CQAE), an EFS office, a Naval Dockyard (established in 1949) and Naval Bases including INS Virbahu+, INS Kalinga+, INS Samudrika, INS Satavahana, and INS Dega+. A new base at INS Rambilli is being built on with an investment of , as the first dedicated submarine base in India. India's first nuclear submarine INS ''Arihant''+ was launched in the Naval Dockyard, and Bharat Dynamics+ has begun manufacturing torpedoes. Visakhapatnam also has presence of the Indian Coast Guard+ including ships and offices. Multiple naval training establishments, such as the Navy ShipWright School, are also situated here.

The Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) plans its second research facility in the country (after Trombay) in the area. A permanent facility, which will include a school dedicated to nuclear-power technology. There are also offices of the National Institute of Oceanography+ and the India Meteorological Department+.

Cricket+ is the most popular sport, followed by tennis and football+. Visakhapatnam is home to a number of local cricket teams participating in district and zone matches. Gully cricket (a form of cricket played in streets or parks) is a popular pastime for local youth. Visakhapatnam co-hosted the 32nd National Games+ alongside, Hyderabad+. The city has seven cricket stadiums, which are used for Ranji Trophy+ matches; two of these stadiums have been used for one day international+ matches. Some of these stadiums are:
* Indira Priyadarshini Stadium+: Also known as the Municipal Corporation Stadium, hosted the first ODI match on 9 December 1988 and the last of the five on 3 April 2001. The stadium has discontinued in favour of the new ACA-VDCA Stadium+ in Madhurawada.
* ACA-VDCA Stadium+ is the home of Andhra Cricket Association+ as well as to Visakhapatnam district+. It hosts both Ranji Trophy+ and One Day Internationals+. The stadium is the home ground of Andhra Pradesh cricket team+. Sometimes, it also hosts IPL+ matches as a neutral venue. The stadium is named after the former chief minister, late Y.S. Rajasekhara Reddy+. The ACA-VDCA Stadium was recently awarded test status making it the 9th venue in the country with test status.

* Port Trust Golden Jubilee Stadium: Second-largest stadium in Visakhapatnam, which has hosted Under-19 Youth Internationals

;Telugu News Papers
* Eenadu+
* Andhra Jyothi+
* Sakshi+
* Andhra Bhoomi+
* Andhra Prabha+
* Vaartha+
* Suryaa+
* Prajasakti+

;English News Papers
* The Hindu+
* The Times of India+
* Deccan Chronicle+
* The Hindu Business Line+
* The New Indian Express+
* The Hans India+

* Vaartha+

* - Menlo Park, California+ , United States+

*List of most populous cities in India+
*List of million-plus urban agglomerations in India+

* news to prepare report on Vizag metro rail|last


Andhra Pradesh:
Million-plus cities in India:
Municipalities of Andhra Pradesh:
Cities and towns in Visakhapatnam district:

Visakhapatnam+ Visakhapatnam (nicknamed as Vizag and sometimes known by its historical name Waltair) is the largest city in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh located 370 kilometres (230 mi) north east of Capital Region(Guntur).
Visakhapatnam district+ Visakhapatnam district is an administrative division of Andhra Pradesh, India, with administrative headquarters at Visakhapatnam.
Visakhapatnam Airport+ Visakhapatnam Airport (IATA: VTZ, ICAO: VOVZ) is a customs1 airport serving the Visakhapatnam District of Andhra Pradesh, India.
Visakhapatnam–Vijayawada section+ The Visakhapatnam–Vijayawada section (also known as Visakhaptnam-Vijayawada line) is a railway line connecting Visakhapatnam and Vijayawada both in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.
Visakhapatnam Steel Plant+ Visakhapatnam Steel Plant, popularly known as Vizag Steel (Telugu: విశాఖ ఉక్కు కర్మాగారం), is the most advanced steel producer in India with the help of German and Soviet technology.
 Visakhapatnam Metro+ Vizag Metro is a proposed rapid transit system in the Indian city of Visakhapatanam. The system is proposed to reduce traffic congestion as well as it is biggest of Andhra Pradesh.
Visakhapatnam Port+ Visakhapatnam Port is one of 13 major ports in India and the only major port of Andhra Pradesh. It is India's second largest port by volume of cargo handled.
 Visakhapatnam (Lok Sabha constituency)+ Visakhapatnam Lok Sabha constituency is one of the 25 Lok Sabha (Lower House of the Parliament) constituencies in Andhra Pradesh state in southern India.
Visakhapatnam – Secunderabad Garib Rath Express+ The Visakhapatnam – Secunderabad Garib Rath Express is a daily running superfast garib rath train of the Indian Railways connecting Secunderabad Railway Station(SC) to Visakhapatnam (VSKP), which started as a tri-weekly train and then ran for 4 days a week and finally made a daily train.
Visakhapatnam – Secunderabad Duronto Express+ The Visakhapatnam - Secunderabad Duronto Express is a superfast AC express train of the Indian Railways, announced in 2011-12 Railway Budget by Mamata Banerjee, the then Minister of Indian Railways, connecting Secunderabad (SC) to Visakhapatnam (VSKP).