Although kiwifruit is a national fruit of China, until recently, China was not a major producing country of kiwifruit, as it was traditionally collected from the wild. In China, it is grown mainly in the mountainous area upstream of the Yangtze River+, as well as Sichuan+.
nutritional value | name=Kiwifruit, gold, raw
| protein=1.23 g
| fat=0.56 g
| carbs=14.23 g
| fiber=2 g
| sugars=10.98 g
nutritional value | name=Kiwifruit, green, raw
| protein=1.14 g
| fat=0.52 g
| carbs=14.66 g
| fiber=3 g
| sugars=8.99 g
Traditionally, in China, kiwifruit was not eaten for pleasure, but was given as medicine to children help them grow and women who have given birth to help them recover.
Kiwifruit is often eaten raw. Kiwifruit are eaten by themselves, made into juices, used in baked goods, prepared with meat, and used as a garnish.
[ Sliced kiwifruit has long been regularly used as a garnish atop whipped cream on the common New Zealand and Australian dessert, the pavlova+.]
The whole fruit including the skin is suitable for human consumption, but the skin is often discarded due to its texture.
Raw kiwifruit is rich in the protein-dissolving enzyme actinidain+ (in the same family of thiol protease+s as papain+), which is commercially useful as a meat tenderizer+. Actinidin also makes raw kiwifruit unsuitable for use in desserts containing milk or any other dairy products which are not going to be served within hours, because the enzyme soon begins to digest milk proteins. This applies to gelatin-based desserts, as well, as the actinidin will dissolve the proteins in gelatin very quickly, either liquefying the dessert, or preventing it from solidifying.
To overcome this effect, the United States Department of Agriculture+ suggests cooking the fruit for a few minutes before adding it to gelatin.
The actinidin found in kiwifruit can be an allergen+ for some individuals.
[ Specifically, people allergic to latex+, bananas, papayas, or pineapples are likely to also be allergic to kiwifruit. The fruit also contains calcium oxalate+ crystals in the form of raphide+s. Reactions to these chemicals include sweating, tingling, and sore mouth or throat; swelling of the lips, tongue and face; rash; vomiting and abdominal pain, heartburn; and, in the most severe cases, breathing difficulties, wheezing, and collapse. The most common symptoms are unpleasant itching and soreness of the mouth, with the most common severe symptom being wheezing. Severe symptoms are most likely to occur in young children.]
A medium size kiwifruit (76 grams) provides 46 calories+,
[ 0.3 g fat, 1 g protein, 11 g carbohydrates, and 2.6 g dietary fiber+ found partly in the edible skin, possibly contributing mild laxative+ effects. Kiwifruit is a rich source of vitamin C+ (112% of the Daily Value+ per 100 grams) and vitamin K+, and a good source of dietary fiber+ and vitamin E+ (nutrient tables, right).]
Kiwifruit seed oil contains on average 62% alpha-linolenic acid+, an omega-3 fatty acid+.
Kiwifruit contains carotenoid+s, such as provitamin A+ beta-carotene+, lutein+ and zeaxanthin+. The fruit and skin contain flavonoid+s, actinidin, and adhered pollen+, which may produce irritation in the mouth and throat of some allergic+ individuals.
* at the Center for New Crops and Plant Products at Purdue University+
|Kiwifruit+ The kiwifruit or Chinese gooseberry (sometimes shortened to kiwi) is the edible berry of a woody vine in the genus Actinidia. |
|Kiwifruit industry in New Zealand+ Kiwifruit or kiwi is a major horticultural export earner in New Zealand. New Zealand developed the first commercially viable Kiwifruit and developed the export markets, creating the demand for the fruit that exists today. |
| ||Kiwifruit (TV series)+ Kiwifruit is a New Zealand magazine style talk show series that dealt with gay and lesbian issues. It was produced by CreamTV and shown on Television New Zealand's TV2. |