Although kiwifruit is a national fruit of China, until recently, China was not a major producing country of kiwifruit, as it was traditionally collected from the wild. In China, it is grown mainly in the mountainous area upstream of the Yangtze River+, as well as Sichuan+.
nutritional value | name=Kiwifruit, gold, raw
| protein=1.23 g
| fat=0.56 g
| carbs=14.23 g
| fiber=2 g
| sugars=10.98 g
nutritional value | name=Kiwifruit, green, raw
| protein=1.14 g
| fat=0.52 g
| carbs=14.66 g
| fiber=3 g
| sugars=8.99 g
Kiwifruit may be eaten raw, made into juices, used in baked goods, prepared with meat or used as a garnish.
The whole fruit including the skin is suitable for human consumption, but the skin is often discarded due to its texture. Sliced kiwifruit has long been used as a garnish atop whipped cream+ on pavlova+, a meringue-based dessert. Traditionally in China, kiwifruit was not eaten for pleasure, but was given as medicine to children to help them grow and to women who have given birth to help them recover.
Raw kiwifruit contains actinidain+ which is commercially useful as a meat tenderizer+. Actinidin also makes raw kiwifruit unsuitable for use in desserts containing milk or any other dairy products which are not going to be served within hours, because the enzyme soon begins to digest milk proteins. This applies to gelatin-based desserts, as well, as the actinidin will dissolve the proteins in gelatin very quickly, either liquefying the dessert, or preventing it from solidifying.
A medium size kiwifruit (76 grams) provides 46 calories+, 0.3 g fat, 1 g protein, 11 g carbohydrates, and 2.6 g dietary fiber+ found partly in the edible skin.
[ Kiwifruit is a rich source of vitamin C+ (112% of the Daily Value+ per 100 grams) and vitamin K+, and a good source of dietary fiber+ and vitamin E+ (nutrient tables, right).]
Kiwifruit seed oil contains on average 62% alpha-linolenic acid+, an omega-3 fatty acid+.
[ Kiwifruit pulp contains carotenoid+s, such as provitamin A+ beta-carotene+, lutein+ and zeaxanthin+.]
The actinidin found in kiwifruit can be an allergen+ for some individuals.
[ The most common symptoms are unpleasant itching and soreness of the mouth, with the most common severe symptom being wheezing+, with anaphylaxis+ also being reported.]
The fruit is responsible for 10% of all allergic food reactions in children, making it a significant food allergen.
* at the Center for New Crops and Plant Products at Purdue University+
|Kiwifruit+ The kiwifruit or Chinese gooseberry (sometimes shortened to kiwi) is the edible berry of a woody vine in the genus Actinidia. |
|Kiwifruit industry in New Zealand+ Kiwifruit or kiwi is a major horticultural export earner in New Zealand. New Zealand developed the first commercially viable Kiwifruit and developed the export markets, creating the demand for the fruit that exists today. |
| ||Kiwifruit (TV series)+ Kiwifruit is a New Zealand magazine style talk show series that dealt with gay and lesbian issues. It was produced by CreamTV and shown on Television New Zealand's TV2. |