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The '''Thavil''' (Tamil+: wikt:தவில்+) or '''Tavil''' is a barrel shaped drum+ from South India+. It is used in temple, folk+ and Carnatic music+, often accompanying the ''nadaswaram+''. The ''thavil'' and the ''nadaswaram'' are essential components of traditional festivals and ceremonies in South India.


In folk music contexts, a pair of wider, slimmer sticks is sometimes used. Thanjavur+ is famous for ''thavil'', so called ''Thanjavur Thavil''. In Kollywood+ Filmi+ songs thavils are mostly used, Notable movies: "Thillaanaa Mohanambal+", "Paruthiveeran+", "Karagattakaran+".





The ''thavil'' consists of a cylindrical shell hollowed out of a solid block of jackfruit+ wood. Layers of animal skin (water buffalo+ on the right, goat on the left) are stretched across the two sides of the shell using hemp+ hoops attached to the shell. The right face of the instrument has a larger diameter than the left side, and the right drum head is stretched very tightly, while the left drum head is kept loose to allow pitch bending. The larger face is higher in pitch than the smaller face.

The instrument is either played while sitting, or hung by a cloth






Some master thavil players:

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* Valangaiman A. Shanmugasundaram Pillai
* Valayapatti A.R. Subramaniam
* Haridwaramangalam A. K. Palanivel+
* Thedchanamoorthy - Jaffna
* Needamangalam Meenakshi Sundaram Pillai
* Bhusurapalli Adiseshaiah
* Iluppur Panchami
* Kumbakonam Thangavel Pillai
* Natchiarkoil Raghava Pillai
* Needamangalam Shanmugavadivel
* Valangaiman Shanmugasundaram Pillai
* Thiruvalaputhur T A Kaliyamurthy+
* Tanjore T R Govindaraj
* Kovilur K.V.Palanivel an eminent Thavil vidwan and professor
* P Karunakaran Polur Thavil and Thabela Vidwan and Manufacturing
* Karuna Murthy

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Reflist:


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Thavil+ The Thavil (Tamil: ) or Tavil is a barrel shaped drum from South India. It is used in temple, folk and Carnatic music, often accompanying the nadaswaram.